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FEM 3101

DEVELOPMENTAL
PSYCHOLOGY: CHILDREN &
ADOLESCENTS

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S.A. TAN LAB FEM 3101
APA Guideline Notes
2010 Sixth Edition

1
Overview
The American Psychological
Association (APA) style is widely

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accepted in the social sciences
and other fields, such as

S.A. TAN LAB FEM 3101


education, business and nursing.
The APA citation format requires
parenthetical citations within the
text rather than endnotes or
footnotes. 2
General APA document
formatting
Fonts and size
Times New Roman in 12 point.

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Margins
One margins around; that is one inch

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margin on the top, bottom, left and right
sides of the page.
Spacing
Double-spacing throughout the text with
five space indentions at the beginning of
each paragraph.
3
Citing within the Text
Paraphrasing within text:
In the 2006 bestselling The World is Flat,

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Friedman outlines ten forces that have
affected globalization.
Author cited in text:

S.A. TAN LAB FEM 3101


Friedman (2006) outlines ten forces that
have affected globalization.
Author not cited in text:
There are ten forces that have affected
globalization (Friedman, 2006). 4
Citing within the Text
Direct quote from author:
Friedman (2006) believes the world has

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been flattened by the convergence of ten major
political events, innovations and companies
(p.50).

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Direct quote without name of
author:
Globalization has been fueled by the
convergence of ten major political events,
innovations and companies (Friedman, 2006,
5
p. 50).
Citing within the Text
One work by multiple authors:
First citation in text:
Yaacob, Juhari, Mansor, and Baharudin (2006) found .....
Children development is normative processes (Yaacob,

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Juhari,
Mansor, & Baharudin, 2006)
Subsequent citations (Three or more authors):

S.A. TAN LAB FEM 3101


Yaacob and colleagues (2006) found
Yaacob et al. (2006)
Children development is normative processes (Yaacob et al.,
2006)
Multiple works on same topic:
Several studies (Tan, 2008; Jason, & Peter, 2010; Firdauss et
al., 2011) found .
6
Reference Page
Articles in periodicals (Journals,
newspapers or magazines)

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General format:
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year). Title of article:
Subtitle of article. Title of Periodical,

S.A. TAN LAB FEM 3101


volume(issue), pages.

Example:
Lick, D. W., & Smith, C. S. (2001) Leading change:
Creating the future for education technology.
Syllabus, 15(5), 22-24.
7
Reference Page
One to seven Authors (List all authors)
Eight or more Authors (List the first six

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authors, and the last author)

S.A. TAN LAB FEM 3101


Wolchik, S. A., West, S. G., Sandler, I. N.,
Tein, J. Y., Coatsworth, D., Lengua, L.,
Griffin, W. A. (2000). An experimental
evaluation of theory-based mother and
mother-child programs for children of
divorce. Journal of Consulting and Clinical
8
Psychology, 68(1), 843-856.
Reference Page
Notes:
Only the authors last name and

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initials are used
Authors are separated by
commas
Use an (&) before the last author
Periodical title and volume are in
italics 9

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Reference Page
Book, edition:
General format:

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Author, A. A. (year of publication). Title of
work: Capital letter also for Subtitle.
Location: Publisher.

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Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year of
publication). Title of work: Capital
letter also for Subtitle (number ed.).
Location: Publisher.
10
Reference Page
Example:

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DeVoss, J. A., & Andrews, M. F. (2006).
School counselors as educational
leaders. Boston: Houghton Mifflin

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Company.

Doughtery, A. M. (2009). Psychological


consultation and collaboration in school
and community setting: Issues and
stages (5th ed.). Belmont, CA: 11
Brooks/Cole.
Reference Page
Chapters in a book
General format:

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Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year of publication).
Title of chapter. In A. Editor (Ed.), Title of book
(pages of chapter). Location: Publisher.

S.A. TAN LAB FEM 3101


Example:

Yaacob, S. N., & Tan, S. A. (2011). Remaja dan


seksualiti. Dalam S. N. Yaacob & Z. Madon (Eds.),
Konteks perkembangan & masalah remaja (pp.
83-96). Seri Kembangan, Selangor: Jetprint Sdn.
Bhd. 12
Reference Page
Online Journal with DOI:
General format:

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Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year). Title
of article. Title of Journal, volume(issue),
page number. doi: xx.xxxxxxx

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Example:
Herbst-Damm, K. L., & Kulik, J. A. (2005).
Volunteer support, marital status and
the survival times of terminally ill
patients. Health Psychology, 24(1), 225-
229. doi: 10.1037/0278-6133.24.225 13
Reference Page
Online Journal without DOI:
General format:
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year). Title of
article. Title of Journal, volume(issue), page

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number. Retrieved from URL
Example:

S.A. TAN LAB FEM 3101


Sillick, T. J., & Schutte, N. S. (2006). Emotional
intelligence and self-esteem mediate
between perceived early parental love and
adult happiness. Applied Psychology, 2(2), 38-
48. Retrieved from 14
http://ojs.lib.swin.edu.au/index.php/ejap
Reference Page
Book or report by a corporate author
e.g. organization, association,

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government department
Universiti Putra Malaysia. (2009).

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Developmental psychology: Children
and adolescents. Serdang, Selangor:
Yaacob.

Course handout/Lecture notes


Yaacob, S. N. (2012). Lecture 3: Childrens 15
physical development [PowerPoint slide].
Serdang, Selangor: Universiti Putra
Reference Page
Thesis (print version)
Dewstow, R. A., (2006). Using the internet to
enhance teaching at the University of Waikato

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(Unpublished masters thesis). University of
Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand.

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Thesis (online version)
Dewstow, R. A., (2006). Using the internet to
enhance teaching at the University of Waikato
(Unpublished masters thesis, University of
Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand). Retrieved
from http://researchcommons
.waikato.ac.nz/handle/10289/2241 16