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A typical ductile fracture in Grade
30 chain. Note that yielding and
plastic deformation have occurred
in all links. This demonstrates the
gradual and progressive failure of
the chain and is desirable.
A more brittle fracture in stainless
steel chain, at or near to a weld.
There is noticeably less
deformation of the links prior to
failure. Although the load sustained
was well above the nominal
strength of the chain, failure in a
brittle mode is less desirable as it
could occur with a snatch load.
Swing S hooks which were thinned
to the point of eventual failure