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SENSORY PROCESSING DISORDER

Elizabeth Matz
WHAT IS SENSORY PROCESSING
DISORDER?
Sensory processing disorder is a condition in which the brain has trouble receiving
and responding to information that comes in through the senses.
Some people with sensory processing disorder are oversensitive to things in their
environment.
Others with Sensory Processing Disorder may:
Be uncoordinated
Bump into things
Be unable to tell where their limbs are in space
Be hard to engage in conversation or play
Not recognized as a stand alone disorder, rather it is prevalent in developmental
conditions like Autism.
SIMULATION
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lr4_dOorquQ

Only displays the hyper responsive side of SPD.


There is also:
Hypo responsive
Modulation issues
Mono channel
Sensory discrimination issues
TYPES OF SENSORY PROCESSING
DISORDER SYSTEMS
Visual
Proprioception
Your body in space/awareness
Taste Muscles, joints, etc.
Vestibular
Touch Your balance and movement
Inner ear
Auditory Your relationship to gravity
Enteroception
Smell Your ability to sense internally
FACTS AND SYMPTOMS
FACTS SYMPTOMS
Affects developing children and All of the symptoms exist on a spectrum:
adults. Over or under responsive to things
Particular sounds may make them
At least 1/20 people in the general scream or vomit
population is affected by SPD. Scream when touched
Studies have found a significant Flinch back from the textures of
certain foods
difference between the physiology
of children with SPD and children They become anxious and dont
handle change well.
with ADHD.
Everyone has sensory issues to some
extreme, but it is when it becomes
extreme that it is called SPD.
CAUSES AND TREATMENTS
CAUSES TREATMENTS
Still unknown but researchers say it Occupational therapy
may be a result of: Treatment depends on the individual
Genetics needs
Prenatal and birth complications Helping children do better at activities
Environmental factors (adoption) they're normally not good at
Birth risk factors (low birth weight, Helping them get used to things they
can't tolerate.
prematurity)
Treatment is called sensory integration
The goal of sensory integration is to
challenge a child in a fun, playful way so he
or she can learn to respond appropriately
and function more normally
STIGMAS/STEREOTYPES
The child is just acting out or being
resentful

Bad parenting/home life

The student is just getting distracted


(hypo responsive)
SOURCES
http://www.webmd.com/children/sensory-processing-disorder#2-4

https://www.spdstar.org/basic/about-spd

https://childmind.org/article/quick-facts-on-sensory-processing/

http://special-ism.com/five-fundamental-facts-about-spd/

https://www.dealwithautism.com/what-is-sensory-integration-disorder/