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The Philippine

Clean Air Act of


1999 (RA 8749)
by:
Engr. Florencio E. Dominguez, Jr.
Chief, Pollution Control Division
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT BUREAU 10

Presented during the National Convention of the League of Sanitation


Inspectors of the Philippines on May 19, 2009 at Hotel Conchita, Cagayan de Oro City
Composition of Clean Air
Oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, methane,
hydrogen, helium, neon, krypton, xenon, argon
Types of Air Pollutants
a) Primary
Those emitted directly from the source
Examples:
- particulate matter (PM), nitrogen oxide (NO)
- carbon monoxide (CO),
- sulfur dioxide (SOx),
- heavy metals
Types of Air Pollutants
b) Secondary
Those produced in the air by
interaction between two or
more primary pollutants with
or without sunlight. Examples:
- nitrogen dioxide (NO2)
- sulfuric Acid (H2SO4)
- ozone (O3)

Metro Manila
Sources of Air Pollution

Stationary Sources
(power plants, industries)

Mobile Sources (transport)

Area Sources (open burning,


cooking)
Mobile Sources: Transport

Major contributor to air pollution


AIR QUALITY STATUS
Source: National Air Quality Status Report (2003-2004)

In 2003 and 2004, total suspended


particulates (TSP) in Metro Manila
and in most major cities and urban
centers nationwide exceeded
the mean annual NAAQ
Guideline Value. In 2004,
the highest average annual TSP
roadside concentration measured
was more than 10 times the 90 METRO MANILA
g/Nm3 NAAQ guideline value.
AIR QUALITY STATUS
Source: National Air Quality Status Report (2003-2004)

PM10 concentrations in Metro


Manila and Cagayan de Oro
City are within 24-hr guideline
value. Annual guideline values
were exceeded in Valenzuela
and EDSA (QC)
PM2.5 levels in Metro Manila
exceeded the USEPA annual
guideline value of 15 g/Nm3
and 24 hour NAAQ guideline
METRO MANILA
value of 65 g/Nm3
AIR QUALITY STATUS
Source: National Air Quality Status Report (2003-2004)

SO2 concentrations in
Metro Manila and
Cagayan de Oro City were
way below the NAAQ 24-
hr and annual guideline
values.
Hourly ozone
concentrations in Metro
Manila were above the
NAAQ guideline value of METRO MANILA
70 ppb for about three
hours
Salient Provisions of the
CLEAN AIR ACT of 1999
(Republic Act 8749)
DECLARATION OF PRINCIPLES

The State shall protect and advance


the right of the people to a balanced
and healthful ecology in accord with
the rhythm and harmony of nature.
Mandates of Government
Agencies In Implementing
the Clean Air Act
DENR
Primary agency responsible in the
implementation of the Clean Air Act
Other Implementing Agencies:
DOTC
DTI
DOE
DOST
LGUs
Partner Organizations: NGOs, POs, Business
I. IMPROVEMENT OF FUEL
COMPOSITION FOR INCREASED
EFFICIENCY AND REDUCED
EMISSONS
1. Improvement in the
Quality of Fuel
- Reduction of benzene (from
4 to 2%) and
aromatic
hydrocarbon in gasoline
(from 45 to 35%)
- Reduction of sulfur content
in diesel fuel (from
0.2 to 0.05%)
I. IMPROVEMENT OF FUEL COMPOSITION FOR
INCREASED EFFICIENCY AND
REDUCED EMISSONS

2. Phase Out of Leaded Gasoline


I. IMPROVEMENT OF FUEL COMPOSITION FOR
INCREASED EFFICIENCY AND
REDUCED EMISSONS

3. Use of Alternative
Fuels
Compressed natural gas (CNG)
Liquefied Petroleum Gas
(LPG)
Cocomethyl Ester (CME) or
cocodiesel or bio-diesel (presently
2% volume)
Bio-ethanol blend for gasoline
(presently at 5% by volume)
II. PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF
POLLUTION FROM MOBILE SOURCES

1. Standards for New and In-


Use Motor Vehicles
including rebuilt and second hand
vehicles (DAO 2003-51)
For gasoline-fed engines initially registered
on or before December 31, 2002, CO
emission up to 4.5% and HC
emission up to 800 ppm
For gasoline-fed engines initially registered
after January 1, 2003, CO emission up For diesel engines, 2.5 m-1
to 3.5% and HC up to 600 ppm light absorption coefficient
II. PREVENTION AND CONTROL
OF MOBILE SOURCES
2. Standards for motorcycles
Emission standards for hydrocarbons
for in-use motorcycles (HC up to 7800
ppm for motorcycles operating in
urban areas, HC up to 10000 ppm in
rural areas)

Certificates of Conformity to
manufacturers/assemblers or
importers
Certificates for Emission Test
Equipment Used in Private Emission
Testing Centers
II. PREVENTION AND
CONTROL OF MOBILE
SOURCES
3. DOTC may deputize other law enforcement
agencies and LGUs to enforce emission
standards (apprehension and test);
4.Authorize duly accredited private emission
testing centers to conduct emission test to
private vehicles;
5. Establish Motor Vehicle Inspection System
(MVIS) in LTO Regional Offices.
III. AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM

Designation of
Airsheds
- 14 airsheds designated
throughout the country
Management by an
Airshed Governing
Board composed of
GO,LGU,NGO, PO, and
private sector representatives
III. AIR QUALITY
MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
Establishment of
Air Quality
Monitoring
Stations
Criteria Pollutants: SOX,
NOX, PM, ozone
Non-criteria Pollutants:
benzene, toluene, xylene

Cagayan de Oro Telemetry Air


Monitoring Station at Xavier University
V. PREVENTION AND CONTROL
OF POLLUTION FROM
STATIONARY SOURCES
Continuous Emission
Monitoring Systems
(CEMS) - installed in 8 power
plants, 2 cement plants, and 2
petrochemical plants
Ban on Incineration
(including hospital waste)
Third party Emission
Testing as requirement for
renewal of permit
V. PREVENTION AND
CONTROL OF POLLUTION
FROM STATIONARY SOURCES
Sets Emission Standards and
Ambient Standards
Imposes PhP100,000 daily
for non-compliance with the
standards
Without prejudice to the
immediate issuance of ex-
parte order
Imprisonment for offenders
END OF PRESENTATION

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