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GROUP 7

Mendoza, Ronel A.
Cadiz, Pria Mae
Evidente, Ralph Carlo
VAPOR
COMPRESSION
REFRIGERATION
CYCLE
Problem:

A 300 kJ/min refrigeration system operates on a vapor-


compression refrigeration cycle with refrigerant 134a as
the working fluid and an isentropic efficiency of 85% for
the compressor. The refrigerant enters the compressor
as a saturated vapor at 140 kPa and is compressed to
800 kPa. Determine (a) the quality of the refrigerant at
the end of the throttling process, (b) the coefficient of
performance and (c) the power input to the compressor.
Required:

Quality at the end of the throttling process (x4)

Coefficient of Performance (COP)

Power input to the compressor (Wc)


Diagram:
Solution:
@Compressor:

STATE 1: 140 kPa, satd vapor


P (kPa) h(kJ/kg) s(kJ/kg-K)
133.7 386.08 1.7395
140 h1 s1
165 389.20 1.7354

By interpolation: h1 = 386.71 kJ/kg


s1 = 1.7389 kJ/kg-K
STATE 2: 800kPa

2 = 1 = 1.7389 SHV

S (kJ/kg-K) h(kJ/kg)
1.7150 415.72
1.7389 2
1.7446 424.86

By Interpolation: 2 = 423.09 /

2 1
= =
2 1
423.09386.71
0.85 =
2 386.71

2 = 429.51
@Condenser:

STATE 3: 800 kPa, satd liquid

P (kPa) h(kJ/kg)
771 241.79
800 h3
887.6 249.10

By interpolation: h3 = 243.61 kJ/kg

@Throttling Valve:

STATE 4:
h4 = h3 = 243.61 kJ/kg
4 = + 4

243.61=175.04 + 4 (211.67)
4 =0.324= 32.4%

1 4
COP = =
2 1

1 4 386.71243.61
COP = = = 3.34
2 1 429.51386.71


300 min (1 /60 )
= = =1.49
3.34
REVERSE BRAYTON
CYCLE
An air refrigeration open system operating
between 1 MPa and 100 kPa is required to
produce a cooling effect of 2000 kJ/min.
Temperature of the air leaving the cold
chamber is -5 oC and at leaving the cooler is
30 oC. Neglect losses and clearance in the
compressor and expander. Determine:
a) Mass of air circulated per min;
b) Compressor work, Expander work, cycle
work
c) COP and power in kW required.

T= -5 oC
=268 K
P1= 1 MPa

P2= 100 kPa T= 30 oC


=303 K


a) Mass of air circulated per min
b)Work for the compressor,
expander and work net
Process 3-4
1
1 1 4
= =
2 2 3
1.41
1000 1.4 4
=
100 268

4 = 268 1.9306 = 517.4


@compressor
= (
4 3 )


= 1.004 17.91 517.4 268



= .

@ expander
= ( 2 1 )

= 1.004 17.91 156.9 303


= .

= +

= 4468.85 + (2628.42 )



= .
c) COP and Power Required
LIQUEFACTION
Dry methane is supplied by a compressor and precooling
system to the cooler of a Linde liquid-methane system at 180
bar and 300 K. The low-pressure methane leaves the cooler at
a temperature 6 K lower than the temperature of the
incoming high pressure methane. The separator operates at 1
bar, and the product is saturated liquid at this pressure. What is
the maximum fraction of the methane entering the cooler that
can be liquefied?
Compare the maximum fraction when the methane entered
200 bar and precooled to 240K.

Source: Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics 7th


edition, J. M. Smith, H. C. Van Ness, M. M. Abbott, [Problem 9.15]

=

6 8
= ;1 x =
3 3
LCM: 6 + 8 = 3
FLT: @separator: 6 6 + 8 8 = 3 3

3 6 + (1-x) 3 8 = 3 3
6 + (1-x)8 =3
6 + x8 =3 -8
(6 8 ) =3 -8
3 8
=
6 8
Energy balance around 3 8: If the methane entered at 200 bar, and
= 0 = 6 6 + 8 8 3 3 precooled to 240 K:
Data:
3 = 3.440 kJ mol1
Let: 6 3
6 = 4.605 kJ mol1
3 8 8 = 7.766 kJ mol1
=
6 8
Data: = 0.3497
3 = 7.409 kJ mol1
6 = 4.605 kJ mol1
8 = 9.854 kJ mol1

= 0.1691
200 bar