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Pre-Spanish Government

Alingasa, Jesline Pableo, Prime Rose

Ellorda, Ruselen Grace Angel Umpad, Caryl Marien
Jose, Klyde Tereso, Kimberly
Mariano, Althea Marie Yangco, Denzyl Marie

Food Source: shifting cultivation,
hunting and fishing.
Trading Barter
Introduction (Philippines)
Made of light materials
- bamboo, nipa palm and wood
Tree houses as defense against wild animals and enemies.
Worships gods and goddesses
Bathala supreme being; Agni god of fire; Siginarungan god of hell; the sun
and the moon

Offers sacrifices to please the gods

Believes reincarnation and sacredness of things

trees, places, animals
Introduction (Philippines)
Dress Code
KANGAN- a jacket with short-
BAHAG- a strip of cloth wraped
around the waist in between the legs;
PUTONG- a head ornament that
often symbolize how many people
youve defeated
SAYA also known as malong, a
tube skirt ;
LIHIN-LIHIN blouse with loose
smocks and sleeves
Introduction (Philippines)

Domestric Trade (via land and sea)

Survival males are taught how to hunt, fish , cultivate
Transmitted Knowledge from observations. They have their own
language and some knows how to write and read.
Unit of Government

- -Malayan
Unit of word,
- -where
- composed of settlements
Barangay was derivedof villages with more or less 100
- -Confirming
has 4 elements of statehood, and is considered to be a state
that early
Filipinos came to Philippines
boats. are formed to provide mutual protection
against common enemies.
Functions and Power of Datu
Datu is the title
Implementing laws for ancient tribal
chieftains and monarchs in the pre-
Maintains peace and order
Hispanic Philippines.
A lawmaker with the assistance of group elders
who gave advice.
Each barangay is headed by only datu.
as judge during
has the trial.
power to control one
It is easy to run and control the barangay because
the population was very small.
They canenacted
A newly be united
law by
wasanother datus through
made known
or crier called
barangays umalokhan.
through confederation.
Choosing a Datu
- based on the blood relations to the datu.

-the oldest of the group can be a leader.

Degree of knowledge
- had enough knowledge of the customs and traditions of the tribe.

-has enough properties and money to influence a society.
Social Classes in the Barangay

Datu and the Maharlikas

Tagalog and the Timawas

Aliping sagigilid and Aliping namamahay
Chieftain, the chief of the
Chiefs and their families THE CHIEF EXECUTIVE,
Has his own family andinfluence
properties Datu
Wielded tremendous in an LEGISLATOR, AND THE JUDGE.
served his master during planting and
the baranggay Advisers
Lives ofmaster,
with his the Datu.
had no property
harvest seasons. Nobles of his own and could not marry without
the latters consent.
Free comoners, and could own their
own land and who did not have to pay Maginoo
a regular tribute to a maginoo

Composed of
Timawa Aliping namamahay Aliping sagigilid
free men and
dependents Lowest stratum.
who earned Freemen Acquired status in society by
their freedom. inheritance, by captivity in war
Slaves and as punishment.
Early Laws
the legislative system has already existed during Pre-Colonial times.
Written Laws
- laws made known and put into effect by the Datu.

- well known written laws are the Maragtas Code by Datu Sumakwel of
Panay, 1250AD and Kalantiaw Code by Datu Kalantiaw of Panay, 1433AD.

Unwritten Laws
- customs and traditions passed down from generations to generations.
Balata an unwritten rule where a wife doesnt eat the husband returns
from battle.
Gingil a practice of not remarrying.
Early Laws The Kalantiaw Code
You shall not kill, neither shall you steal, neither shall you do
harm to the aged, lest you incur the danger of death. All those
who infringe this order shall be condemned to death by being
drowned in the river, or in boiling water.

.. let no one have women that are very young nor more than he
can support; nor be given to excessive lust. He who does not
comply with, obey, and observe this order shall be condemned to
swim for three hours for the first time and for the second time,
to be beaten to death with sharp thorns.

Those who do not cause these rules to be obeyed: if they are
headmen, they shall be put to death by being stoned and crushed;
and if they are agorangs they shall be placed in rivers to be
eaten by sharks and caymans.
Early Laws The Maragtas Code
Law that focuses on those who are lazy.

1. Great penalty shall be imposed on laziness. Land shall be

cultivated and planted.

2. A lazy person shall be arrested and sold as a slave to

work in the fields.

7.Poor person shall not have more than two children.

Children of the poor in excess of two in number shall be
killed or thrown to a swift river.

10.Parents shall no longer take care of their children who

beget illegitimate children.
Comparison with other ancient

-the laws of the barangay were generally fair

-The system of government , although defective was not so bad
considering the conditions in other lands in the age during which it

The Filipino people even in the prehistoric times had already shown
high intelligence and moral virtues; virtues and intelligence clearly
manifested in their legislation, which, taking into framed was clearly as
wise, as prudent, and as humane, as that of the nations then at the head of
Pre-Spanish Government
Alingasa, Jesline Pableo, Prime Rose
Ellorda, Ruselen Grace Angel Umpad, Caryl Marien
Jose, Klyde Tereso, Kimberly
Mariano, Althea Marie Yangco, Denzyl Marie

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