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Pre-Spanish Government

Alingasa, Jesline Pableo, Prime Rose


Ellorda, Ruselen Grace Angel Umpad, Caryl Marien
Jose, Klyde Tereso, Kimberly
Mariano, Althea Marie Yangco, Denzyl Marie
Introduction

Livelihood
Food Source: shifting cultivation,
hunting and fishing.
Trading Barter
Introduction (Philippines)
Houses
Made of light materials
Religion
- bamboo, nipa palm and wood
Tree houses as defense against wild animals and enemies.
Worships gods and goddesses
Bathala supreme being; Agni god of fire; Siginarungan god of hell; the sun
and the moon

Offers sacrifices to please the gods

Believes reincarnation and sacredness of things


trees, places, animals
Introduction (Philippines)
Dress Code
Male:
KANGAN- a jacket with short-
sleeve;
BAHAG- a strip of cloth wraped
around the waist in between the legs;
PUTONG- a head ornament that
often symbolize how many people
youve defeated
Female:
SAYA also known as malong, a
tube skirt ;
LIHIN-LIHIN blouse with loose
smocks and sleeves
Introduction (Philippines)

Economy
Domestric Trade (via land and sea)

Education
Survival males are taught how to hunt, fish , cultivate
Transmitted Knowledge from observations. They have their own
language and some knows how to write and read.
Unit of Government

Barangay
Balangay
- -Malayan
Unit of word,
government
boat.
- -where
- composed of settlements
Barangay was derivedof villages with more or less 100
families.
from.
- -Confirming
has 4 elements of statehood, and is considered to be a state
that early
Filipinos came to Philippines
-inconfederations
boats. are formed to provide mutual protection
against common enemies.
Datu
Functions and Power of Datu
Datu is the title
Implementing laws for ancient tribal
chieftains and monarchs in the pre-
Maintains peace and order
Hispanic Philippines.
A lawmaker with the assistance of group elders
who gave advice.
Each barangay is headed by only datu.
No
Actsdatu
as judge during
has the trial.
power to control one
nation.
It is easy to run and control the barangay because
the population was very small.
They canenacted
A newly be united
law by
wasanother datus through
made known
town
or crier called
barangays umalokhan.
through confederation.
Choosing a Datu
Inheritance
- based on the blood relations to the datu.

Age
-the oldest of the group can be a leader.

Degree of knowledge
- had enough knowledge of the customs and traditions of the tribe.

Wealth
-has enough properties and money to influence a society.
Social Classes in the Barangay

NOBLES:
Datu and the Maharlikas

FREEMEN:
Tagalog and the Timawas

SLAVES:
Aliping sagigilid and Aliping namamahay
Chieftain, the chief of the
Barangay.
Chiefs and their families THE CHIEF EXECUTIVE,
Has his own family andinfluence
properties Datu
Wielded tremendous in an LEGISLATOR, AND THE JUDGE.
served his master during planting and
the baranggay Advisers
Lives ofmaster,
with his the Datu.
had no property
harvest seasons. Nobles of his own and could not marry without
the latters consent.
Free comoners, and could own their
own land and who did not have to pay Maginoo
a regular tribute to a maginoo

Composed of
Timawa Aliping namamahay Aliping sagigilid
free men and
dependents Lowest stratum.
who earned Freemen Acquired status in society by
their freedom. inheritance, by captivity in war
Slaves and as punishment.
Early Laws
the legislative system has already existed during Pre-Colonial times.
Written Laws
- laws made known and put into effect by the Datu.

- well known written laws are the Maragtas Code by Datu Sumakwel of
Panay, 1250AD and Kalantiaw Code by Datu Kalantiaw of Panay, 1433AD.

Unwritten Laws
- customs and traditions passed down from generations to generations.
Examples:
Balata an unwritten rule where a wife doesnt eat the husband returns
from battle.
Gingil a practice of not remarrying.
Early Laws The Kalantiaw Code
ARTICLE I
You shall not kill, neither shall you steal, neither shall you do
harm to the aged, lest you incur the danger of death. All those
who infringe this order shall be condemned to death by being
drowned in the river, or in boiling water.

ARTICLE III
.. let no one have women that are very young nor more than he
can support; nor be given to excessive lust. He who does not
comply with, obey, and observe this order shall be condemned to
swim for three hours for the first time and for the second time,
to be beaten to death with sharp thorns.

ARTICLE XVIII
Those who do not cause these rules to be obeyed: if they are
headmen, they shall be put to death by being stoned and crushed;
and if they are agorangs they shall be placed in rivers to be
eaten by sharks and caymans.
Early Laws The Maragtas Code
Law that focuses on those who are lazy.

1. Great penalty shall be imposed on laziness. Land shall be


cultivated and planted.

2. A lazy person shall be arrested and sold as a slave to


work in the fields.

7.Poor person shall not have more than two children.


Children of the poor in excess of two in number shall be
killed or thrown to a swift river.

10.Parents shall no longer take care of their children who


beget illegitimate children.
Comparison with other ancient
governments

-the laws of the barangay were generally fair


-The system of government , although defective was not so bad
considering the conditions in other lands in the age during which it
flourished.

The Filipino people even in the prehistoric times had already shown
high intelligence and moral virtues; virtues and intelligence clearly
manifested in their legislation, which, taking into framed was clearly as
wise, as prudent, and as humane, as that of the nations then at the head of
civilization.
Pre-Spanish Government
Alingasa, Jesline Pableo, Prime Rose
Ellorda, Ruselen Grace Angel Umpad, Caryl Marien
Jose, Klyde Tereso, Kimberly
Mariano, Althea Marie Yangco, Denzyl Marie

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