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Delta Hybrid Systems

Update February 2012


Content

Introduction
General concept
Building blocks of hybrid system
Hybrid components
Delta standard hybrid systems
On demand, turn-key solutions
Dimensioning tools

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Introduction
In 2010 renewable energy became a booming market. Though initially
launched in Europe (mainly in Germany) now renewable market is taking hold in
two major economies, China and the US. Later it will be followed by India, sunny
country in need of a reliable electricity infrastructure. With 2010 providing a
strong impetus, all regions of the world are moving in the direction of renewable
energy.
(MTC Newsletter, January 2011)

Solar electricity has become cheaper than


juice from new nuclear power plants

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General concept
Renewable Hybrid Power Supply is a combination of different
power sources, inluding renewable ones
AC Public Supply
Rectifier System
Diesel Generator

Wind turbine

Solar Panels

DC Power Supply for Telecom Equimpment


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Building blocks
We use standard blocks to create hybrid systems

AC distribution
Rectifier system
Rectifier shelf
DC distribution
Solar chargers
Power combiner

Battery

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Building blocks
Easy customization and continous development

Each part of the system: AC distribution, DC distribution,


rectifier system, solar chargers, wind chargers and batteries
can be configured according to actual needs using standard
components
The customer may select the configuration, which fits to his
requirements
Delta continously develops system components and provides
state of the art technology

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Building blocks
Power combiner
In hybrid systems battery
capacity and rectifiers power
can be relatively high in
comparison to load power
Delta hybrid system contains a
power combiner - the unit that
connects all power sources and
combines them into one system
Due to such architecture all parts
of the hybrid system can be
designed in the optimal way and
standardized

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Hybrid components
Delta can provide most of the hybrid system components from its
own factories that guaranties best price and reliability as well as
continuous customer support

Juntion box
Rectifiers , AC/DC distribution
Battieries
Solar chargers & Inverters

PSC3 Controller

Solar panels Wind turbine & charger Indoor and outdoor cabinets
and supporting frames

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Delta hybrid components
DPR 2900 rectifier

Efficiency: 96.2 %
Power density: 36.5 W / in3
Control and monitoring: PSC 3
User interface: Status indication
Dimensions (W x H x D): 125.5 x 41.0 x 269.9 mm
Weight: 2.0 kg / 4.4 lb
Safety:EN / IEC 60950 UL 60950 CAN / CSA - C22.2
EMI (radiated): EN 55022, class B
Environment: RoHS compliant
Cooling: Fan cooled
Acoustics::55 dB (A)
Operating temperature: -40 to +75 C

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Delta hybrid components

Delta PV charger Power Point Tracking (MPPT)


PVC 2200B Nominal Battery Voltages 48VDC
Maximum Output Current 46 amps
Available Q4 2011
Recommended size and nominal voltage of
arrays 48 VDC systems
power 2200 W voltage 70-292 V
PV Open Circuit Voltage (VOC) 400 VDC
absolute maximum coldest conditions
Power Conversion Efficiency 96% @ 40%
load 95% @ 100% load
Weight 4.2 kg
Dimension - (29.1 x 13 x 14.2 cm) / (47 x 14 x
10 cm) - (H x W x D)
Operating Temperature: -40 - 75

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Delta hybrid components
A family PV Solar modules from Delta
Power tolerance of 0 to +3% provides a stable, high-
energysystem output
High PV cell shunt resistance increases power output
under low light conditions
Low temperature coefficients of power enable high power
output under all weather conditions
High-efficiency solar cells and state-of-art manufacturing
technology lead to cost efficiency per kWh
High wind/snow load tolerant
Reliability & Certifications
25-year limited warranty on power output & 5-year product
warranty
25-year performance warranty
- 10 years: 90% minimum performance
- 25 years: 80% minimum performance
IEC 61215, IEC 61730, UL1703
Compliant with the Buy American Act

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Delta hybrid components

Junction box in-house Delta assembly

Overview
IP level: 65
Plastic or metal case with lock (TBD)
Mount on PV array frame
Bottom wire access
Conduit
Operating Temperature: -40~75
DC breaker/switch and DC surge protection device (SPD)
3 PV panels connected in series to a string and max eight
strings for a junction box.

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Delta hybrid components
1 kW wind turbine and charger from Delta

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Delta hybrid components
Hybrid batteries

Delta can provide a range of hybrid batteries


from top manufacturers. The batteries were
examined at different conditions using
computer simulations and field tests to
prove their performance in different
conditions, which are typical in hybrid
applications.

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Delta hybrid components
CellD Main product modules
Wall mounting boxes:
WB 19IN / 5U;
CellD 40 WB 19IN / 8U; AC panel:
WB 19IN / 12U; APD 19IN/3U

CellD 100

Support cabinets:
SC 800;
SC 1200;
SC 2000;
DC panel:
CellD 300
DPD 19IN/3U 24xMCB

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Delta hybrid systems

Delta designed a family of standard hybrid systems, which


are suitable for indoor and outdoor applications
The systems can combine different energy sources like:
AC grid power, generator, solar power or wind power to
optimize energy cost
Advanced system control logic provided by PSC3 system
controller guaranties best energy efficiency and battery
management
In-house designed outdoor cabinets from Delta with
advanced thermal management minimize energy
consumption and assure significant cost saving

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New hybrid systems
RenE-InD-8700-48
8,7 kW Indoor system

The system is designed for small and medium


power hybrid indoor locations
Based on standard InD support cabinet
Rectifier system is based on CellD300
One PV shelf and 3x PVC2200B solar
chargers, connected to CellD300

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New hybrid systems
RenE-InD-8700-48
Battery cabinet

Based on standard InD support cabinet


Four battery strings up to 190 Ah each
Built in battery circuit breakers
One common battery cable connecting
battery cabinet to system cabinet

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New hybrid systems
RenE-OutD-8700-48
8,7 kW outdoor system

The system is designed for small and


medium power hybrid outdoor
locations
Based on standard OutD cabinet
Rectifier system based on CellD300
One PV shelf and 3x PVC2200B
solar chargers, connected to
CellD300
Different cooling options
Protection class IP54
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New hybrid systems
RenE-InD-8700-48
Battery cabinet
from standard OutD family

Protection class : IP54


Four battery shelves
Built in battery circuit breakers
One common battery cable connecting battery
cabinet to system cabinet
Different cooling options

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New hybrid systems
RenE-InD-17400-48
17,4 kW Indoor system

The system is designed for medium and high


power hybrid indoor locations
Based on standard InD support cabinet
Rectifier system is based on CellD300
Up to six PV shelves and 18x PVC2200B solar
chargers
Power Combiner to connect different energy
sources

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New hybrid systems
RenE-OutD-8700-48
17,4 kW outdoor system

The system is designed for medium


and high power hybrid outdoor locations
Based on standard OutD cabinet
Rectifier system based on CellD300
Up to six PV shelves and 18x PVC2200B solar
chargers
Different cooling options
Protection class IP54
Power combiner to connect different energy
sources

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New hybrid systems
RenE-OutD-500-48
500 W outdoor system

The system is designed for off-grid


repeaters
Based on standard OutD cabinet
No rectifier system
One PV shelf and 3x PVC2200B solar
chargers
Free cooling
Protection class IP54
Wall or pillar mounted
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Delta hybrid systems
RenE-InD-8700-48
Battery cabinet from standard family

Based on standard InD support cabinet


Protection: IP20
Four battery strings up to 190 Ah each
Built in battery circuit breakers
One common battery cable connecting
battery cabinet to system cabinet

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Upgrade kits

Delta can convert standard power supply system


into renewable hybrid

+ = Hybrid system

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Dimensioning tools

Delta developed a design tool for hybrid systems that is suitable for optimal
component selection, depending on system location
Advanced simulation tool enables design verification and optimization
Proper hybrid system design is a key success factor and brings to CAPEX
and OPEX savings
Test system in Bern

Test site in Bern Capacity Q'ty


Solar panel (230W) 4,6 kW 20
Wind turbine HAWT Delta 1 kW 1
Battery 380 Ah 1
Delta TPS RenE-InD-8600-48
DPR2900B-
DPR rectifier 3
48
Controller PSC3 1

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Test system in Bern

100

80
100

80
An experimental hybrid system was
established and tested over several
Current, Voltage [A,V]

State of charge [%]


60 60

40 40 months.
20 20

-20
0
0 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 0

Time
3 6 9 12 15 18 21 0
0

-20
System components are placed in two
outdoor cabinets. The first cabinet contains
100 100 rectifier system, solar chargers and battery
80 80
bank. The cabinet is cooled by fans and
Current, Voltage [A,V]

State of Charge [%]


60 60

40 40
TEC module. The second cabinet is
20 20 dedicated for a dummy load of 3,6/1kW.
0
0 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 0 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 0
0 That cabinet is equipped with fans and air
-20 -20
Time conditioner (hybrid cooling).
100 100

80 80
All important data coming from continuous
Current, Voltage [A,V]

State of charge [%]

60 60

40 40 measurements were recorded and


20 20

0 0
analyzed. Different system control
-20
0 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 0 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 0
-20 strategies were tested.
Time
Usys Irect Isource Ibatt SOC

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On-demand systems
Turn-key solutions

Delta can provide customized solutions of hybrid systems, according


to customer requirements

9000,00

Battery banks 5x2500 Ah

1800,00
1 2 3 4 5
6650,00

8850,00
DC
PS
1 2 3 4 5 6 900,00

PV/DC distribution cabinets


2900,00
1800,00

Gen
Set

User equipment
Worldwide deployment

China :
solar 26 sites

Togo : India :
Solar 25 sites solar 106 sites
South Africa: Fuel cell 1 site
Solar 1 site
Solar site
Wind site
Fuel cell site
Renewable sites in India

10KW solar system 50 solar sites in Bihar


Up to 35 sites
21 solar sites in Jharkhand

Solar site for


Fuel cell
Site Configuration in India
Customer : Viom total 71 sites at eastern India
Supply and Installation of 12KW Hybrid System + 1.8KWp Solar System

Capacity Q'ty Total Qty


Solar panel (200W) 1.8KW 9 639
Solar charger (Xantrex 3.3kw) 3.3KW 1 71
Battery (C&D) 600Ah 1 71
DPR 4000B-48 4KW 3 213
SMCS 1 71

Customer :GTL, total 35 sites at western India


Supply and Installation of 10KWp Solar Panels
Capacity Q'ty Total Qty
Solar panel (240W) 10KW 42 1470
Solar charger (Xantrex 3.3kw) 10KW 3 105
Viom site
Payback time analysis for Viom site
Site parameter for 1.8KW (Viom)
15KVA diesel genset
TPS (DPR4000B-48, PSC3, SMCS)
Operating hours setting
Solar 4 hrs
DG 14 hrs
Battery 6 hrs
Payback time : 25 months (2.1 year)

cost
90000
80000
70000
60000
Pure DG
50000
40000 Solar+DG
30000
20000
10000
0
1 2 3 4 5 6 Year
GTL site in Kalanderpur

10 KW solar panels

Capacity Q'ty

Solar panel (240W) 10KW 42

Solar charger (Xantrex 3.3kw) 10KW 3

MPPT solar chargers


GTL sites in Sikrigan

Site outlook with 10 KW solar panels

Site Configuration Capacity Q'ty

Solar panel (240W) 10KW 42


Solar charger (Xantrex 3.3kw) 10KW 3
GTL site in Singvipur

Site Configuration Capacity Q'ty

Solar panel (240W) 10KW 42


Solar charger (Xantrex 3.3kw) 10KW 3
Payback time analysis for GTL site
Site parameter for 10KW (GTL)
20KVA diesel genset
Load 5000W
Operating hours setting
Solar 4 hrs
DG 12 hrs
Battery 8 hrs
Payback time : 61 months (5.1 year)

cost
120000

100000

80000

60000 Pure DG
Solar+DG
40000

20000

0
1 2 3 4 5 6 Year
Africa

25 sites
4.83KWp

1 sites
1.98 KWp Solar site
Wind site
Fuel cell site
Site Configuration in Africa
Togo site configuration

Togocel/Togo (25 sites) Capacity Q'ty


Solar panel (230W) 4,83 kW 21
Solar charger (Outback 60A) 120A 2
Battery 1000 Ah 1
Delta TPS RenE-InD-12000-48
DPR rectifier DPR2400B-48 4
Controller PSC3 1
Site photos
Togo site
Payback time analysis for Togo site
Site parameters
15KVA genset
TPS (DPR2400B-48, PSC3)
Load 400W
Battery 1000Ah
Operating hours setting
Solar 5 hrs
DG 9 hrs
Battery 10hrs
Payback time : 47 months (3.9 year) cost
100000
90000
80000
70000
60000
50000 Pure D G
40000 Solar+D G
30000
20000
10000
0
1 2 3 4 5 Year
China

Solar site
Wind site
Fuel cell site
Sites in China
Customer Name Site Qty
China Mobile - Zhejiang branch 2 sites
China Mobile - Gansu branch 2 sites
China Mobile- Guangdong jiangmen branch 5 sites
China Mobile- Guangxi Qinzhou 1 site
Xiing new energy company 1 site
China Telecom Xinjiang Bazhou branch 2 sites
China Telecom Xuzhou branch 1 site
China Telecom Guangzhou branch 2 sites
ZhongDaBeiTong Technology (Beijing) 5 sites
China Telecom Chizhou branch 5 sites
Site Configuration in China
China Mobile - Zhejiang Zhoushan Island

Capacity Q'ty
Solar panel (200Wp) 15KWp 75
Solar charger (SPC-48/300P) 300A 1
Wind turbine 10KWp 1
Battery 4000Ah 1
Delta TPS 48V/800A
Global Delta presence
Delta offices worlwide contact details
http://www.deltapowersolutions.com/en/sales-and-support.htm

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