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I Kd Bayu Suartawan 12700062

M. Syaifullah Noer 12700182


I Putu Eprilastara 12700054
Frida Mayasari 12700190
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Septina Yani Wicahyo 12700248
Yuni Insyanul Hikmah 12700206
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IGA Wulandari 12700026
Siti Nurjamilah 12700166
ETIOLOGY DIAGNOSIS
CLINICAL
MANIFESTATION

TREATMENT
UPDATING

PREVENTION
STD [Sexually Transmitted Disease] is a disease that is
transmitted through sexual contact. Sexually transmitted
diseases will be more at risk when having sex with
multiple partners either through vaginal, oral and anal sex.
STD causes of reproductive infections should be taken
seriously. If not treated properly, the infection can spread
and cause pain, prolonged pain, infertility and death. For
you girls need to realize that the risk for STDs larger than
males for reproductive device more vulnerable. And often
result in more severe because early symptoms are not
immediately recognizable, while the disease continued to
a more severe stage.
In girls symptoms such as:
a. Unusual fluid out of the female genital color
yellowish-colored, smells.
b. Menstruation or irregular menstruation.
c. Pain in the lower abdomen.
d. Prolonged itching around the genitals.
In boys symptoms such as:
a. Pain when urinating or heat.
b. Bleeding while urinating.
c. Discharge of pus from the penis.
d. The wounds on the genitals.
e. Itching of the penis or anus
These steps for diagnosis of HIV infection and AIDS:
1. Perform any questioning regarding symptoms are also
symptoms of opportunistic infections Cancer associated with
AIDS, and also asked about risk behaviors.
2. Browse risky behavior that allows for the transmission.
3. Physical examination to look for signs of opportunistic
infections and cancers related, and notice the changes that
occur gland, oral examination, skin and funduscopic to see
the changes.
4. Laboratory Investigations, total lymphocyte count, HIV
antibody, Inspection Rontgen.
5. When the results of antibody POSITIVE the next step is
examination CONFIRMATION Westren Blot method.
6. When the results of Westren Blot the POSITIVE results hereinafter
check
- Levels of CD4
- PPD
- Toxoplasma
- CMV serology
- Serology STD
- Hepatitis
- Pap smear
7. Examination of Virus Load.
Syphilis. Some doctors can diagnose syphilis by examining a
sample of the lesion using a special microscope called a dark-field
microscope. If syphilis bacteria are present, they will look like when
observed through a microscope. Another way to test for syphilis is
through a blood test.
High risk exposure such as what happened in the case of
rape can be treated using a combination of antibiotics
prophylacticly such as azithromycin, cefixime, and
metronidazole.
An option for treating partners of patients (index cases)
diagnosed with chlamydia or gonorrhea'' patient'' delivered
partner therapy (PDT or PDPT), which is the clinical practice
of treating the sex partners of index cases by providing
prescriptions or medications to the patient to take to his /
her partner without the health care provider first examining
partners.
Prevention of sexually transmitted diseases can be done in the
following ways:
1. Provide education of the dangers of sexually transmitted
diseases for that they should understand the importance
of prevention of sexually transmitted diseases.
2. Telling the ways in preventing sexually transmitted
diseases.
3. Tells about the importance of prevention of sexually
transmitted diseases.
4. Provide awareness of the importance of being faithful.
5. Provide awareness of what is due when multiple partners.
6. Provide awareness of what the consequences if they can
not keep the sex organs.
Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) are the common
infectious diseas of public health importance in North America.
Although these infections are importan causes af acute
morbidity and hospitalization, they also contribute to burden
of disease as a result of late, chronic complications, including
infertility, genitalia tract scarring and related conditions
(infertility, ectopic pregnancy, strictures), psychological
distress, and malignancy.
The past decade has seen an explosion in nucleic acid based
testing methodologies that permit easy identification of
infection with fastidious or non culturable microorganisms,
allow testing on noninvasively collected specimens (eg, urine),
and follow rapid throughput and pooled testing methods.
These advance have led to a vastly improved understanding
of the epidemiology of these diseases and have also
spawned variety of novel public health strategies for their
control.
A symposium providing an update on new challanges in
and diagnostic methods for, STIs was presented at the 47th
Annual Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agent and
Chemotherapy (ICAAC) in Chicago, Illnois, on September 18,
2007. The symposium was moderated by Dr. Charlotte
Gaydos of Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland
and by Dr. Jorgen Jensen of the Statens Serum Institut in
Copenhagen, Denmark.