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Lesson 8
Proper Waste Disposal
According to the Properties
of Each Material


Old Sagay Elementary School
Demonstrate proper
disposal of waste according
to its properties.
Lets Recall
What are the effects of
exposure to decaying waste on
the environment and to our
Answer: It will cause
pollution and make people
to sick.
Lets Recall
What can you do help lessen
these effects to man?

Answer: Practice multi-Fs recycling

scheme which is factory returnable,
fertilizers, feed, fermentable, fuel, fine
crafts, and fig materials or the 5Rs
(Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, Repair and Rot)
Have you gone to hospitals and

What are the waste materials

commonly found in hospitals?

What common wastes can you

find in markets?
Materials needed:
Leaves Candy wrappers
Soft drinks can Empty boxes
Juice wrappers Styro cups
Plastics bags paper
Disposable diaper
Standards for Group Activity
Cooperate with your group
Share your ideas with your group
Stay focused on task
Talk softly not to disturb other groups.
Raise your hand if you have
Station 1-
Station 2-
Station 3-
What to do?

1.Go to your assigned station.

2. Identify the kind of materials in your
3. List the materials in your science
4. Group the materials according to the
following properties: biodegradable,
recyclable, and/or combustible.
What to do?

5. Use the sacks in your station to place

the waste materials.
6. In your science notebook, list the steps
to be followed in disposing the waste
materials in your assigned station.
7. Prepare a group presentation on
proper waste segregation to be
performed in class.
Waste Materials in Hospitals

Biodegradable Non-biodegradable
Tissue Paper Gauze
Medicine gloves
Medicine bottles Disposable bottles
bandage masks
Separate the materials using these
Waste Materials
table in Hospitals
Biodegradable Non- Combustible
Waste Materials in Markets

Disposable plates Disposable forks

Disposable spoons Rotten fruits
Rotten vegetables Plastic bags
Empty bottles Fish gills
Meat bones Empty containers
Waste Materials in Schools

Disposable spoons sticks

Dry leaves Plastic bottles
Empty bottles Fish gills
Papers Disposable forks
Write if the waste materials is biodegradable, recyclable,
and/or combustible.
1. Masks
2. Rotten vegetable
3. Medicine wrapper
4. Bandage
5. Fish gills
6. Dry leaves
7. Sticks
8. Empty bottles
9. Dextrose bags
Group Activity
Guide Questions

10 minutes
Guide Questions
Guide Questions
1. What waste materials are
found in your station?
Guide Questions
Guide Questions

2. What are the properties of each

of the waste materials?
Some materials undergo decay,
some are made of plastics
Guide Questions
Guide Questions

3. Were all the materials disposable?

Some materials ar disposable, som
are not.
Guide Questions
Guide Questions

4. How did you dispose the waste

We group them first according to
their properties
Guide Questions
Guide Questions

5. Where did you place the

materials that undergo decay?
We put them in a separate containe
Guide Questions
Guide Questions

6. What did you do with the materials

that undergo decay?
make a compost
Guide Questions
Guide Questions

7. What did you do with the materials

made of plastic, metals and other
non-decaying materials
Materials made of plastic were
placed in a sack; used batteries and
bulbs were placed in a box.
Guide Questions
Guide Questions

8. Are there waste materials that can

be reused? What are they?
Guide Questions
Guide Questions

9. What are the materials that can be

Plastic bottles, papers and boxes.
Guide Questions
Guide Questions

10. What did you learn in this activity

Proper disposal of human waste
is important to avoid pollution of
water sources.
Disposal must be done to avoid
harming the environment or causing
harm to human health.
Waste should never be disposed
down sinks, drains, lavatories,
ditches, near wildlife or ponds.
Products for disposal should not be
mixed together and containers should
be clearly labeled.
Separate materials into bio-degradable
and non-biodegradable.
materials which decay such as
leaves,paper and twigs
are materials or substances that do not
undergo decay such as plastic and metal.
RECYCLE some of the non-
biodegradable materials.
Make a compost out of decaying
Compost are waste materials that
are recycled as fertilizer
Given are some of the waste materials in
our surroundings.
Read Demonstrate
and answer each questions.ways of
Choose thethem
letter through a drawing.Explain
of the correct answer.
your drawing.
1.Which material is biodegradable?
A.Plastic bag C. styro cup
B.Vegetable craps D. used battery

2. How should not-decaying wastes be

A. By composting C. by recycling
B. Reusing D. Both b and c
Given are some of the waste materials in
our surroundings. Demonstrate ways of
disposing them through a drawing.Explain
3. Which is
your drawing. the best way of disposing
decaying materials?
A. Make a compost
B. Mix them with the non-decaying
C. Burn them
D. throw them in the river
Given are some of the waste materials in
our surroundings. Demonstrate ways of
disposing them through
4. Non-biodegradable a drawing.Explain
materials can be
your drawing.
A. recycled and reused
B. turned into fertilizers
C. Decayed
D. eaten
Given are some of the waste materials in
our surroundings. Demonstrate ways of
5. Which actthem through
shows a drawing.Explain
recycling of waste
your drawing.
A. Make a compost out of vegetable craps
and leaves
B. Throw plastic bottles and glass canisters in
the garbage.
C. Make a beautiful home dcor out of plastic
D. Burn plastic bags and newspapers.
Given are some of the waste materials in
Identify the material whether biodegradable
our surroundings. Demonstrate ways of or non-
biodegradable. Identify ways on how to dispose
disposing them through a drawing.Explain them.
Biodegradab Ways of Biodegradabl Ways of
e/non- Disposing it
your drawing.
Disposing it

1 4


Make a pen holder out
of plastic bottles.

Science 4 TG pp. 24-28

Science 4 LM pp. 23-25
Activity Title

How will I assort or

separate materials?
Name of Materials Description Properties
(Odor, Color, Size, (biodegradable, on-
etc) biodegradable or
paper white biodegradable
Rotten lemon Yellow, sour biodegradable

Plastic bottle small Non-biodegradable

Dried leaves brown biodegradable

Tin can Gray, medium Non-biodegradable

ballpen short Non-biodegradable

twigs brown biodegradable

Name of Materials Description Properties
(Odor, Color, Size, etc) (biodegradable, non-
biodegradable or
Tissues white Decaying
Masks, Gloves White Non Decaying
Injection Short Non Decaying
Diapers Large, Medium, Small Non Decaying
Medicine Dropper Small Non Decaying
Plastic Bottles, Large, Medium, Small Non Decaying
Spoons, Cups, Forks,
Dextrose Bag & Tubes Medium Non Decaying
Blades Metal Non Decaying