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COMMUNICATION

COMMUNICATION

Is the process whereby an idea, thought, or feeling that


arises in the mind of one person is conveyed to the mind
of someone else.

From latin word communicare meaning to share

The imparting or exchanging of information or news


According to Hahner
Two Major Steps of Communication process

1.)Process would be for the brain to reach back into its file
of experiences and dig out the words that would best
express of data
To come up with the appropriate moods, the brain would
probably review a number of diff. ways to express the
same ideas and based on ones attitude, values and past
experiences, he selects words w/c he thinks would result
in the most effective way of conveying the message.
2.)The brain to regulate the various structures and
muscles w/c the body uses to produce speech so that one
could transmit the words of the message.
These words when spoken, exist in the form of sounds or
vibration of the air molecules surrounding the person.
When these vibrations reach the ear of another person,
the vibration change into nerve impulses that travel to
the brain where it translated into ideas.
THE SPEECH COMMUNICATION PROCESS

As you begin your first step, you may find it helpful to


understand what goes on when one person talks to
another regardless of the kind of speech communication
involved.
Lucas(1995) identified these seven element:
SPEAKER, MESSAGE, CHANNEL, LISTENER, FEEDBACK,
INTERFERENCE, SITUATION
SPEAKER
Your success as speaker depends on you- in your
personal credibility, your knowledge of the subject, your
preparation of the speech, your manner of speaking,
your sensitivity to the audience and the occasion.
Requires enthusiasm. You cannot expect people
interested in what you say unless you are interested
yourself.
Something that sparks your own enthusiasm.
MESSAGE
Your goal in public speaking is to have your intended
message be the message that is actually communicated.
Achieving this depends on both what you say(verbal) and
how you say it(nonverbal).
You must narrow your topic down to something you can
discuss adequately in the time allowed for the speech.
You must do research supporting details to make your
ideas clear and convincing and recognize you ideas so
listeners can follow them easily lastly you must express
your message accurate, clear, vivid, and appropriate.
CHANNEL
The means by w/c a message is communicated.
When you pick the phone to call a friends, the telephone
is the channel. Public speakers may use one or more
several channels, each of which will affect the message
received by the audiences.

LISTENER
Is the person who receive the communicated message,
w/o a listener, there is no communication.
Everything a speaker says is filtered through a listener
frame of reference- the totally of his or her knowledge,
experience, goals, values, and attitudes.
Because of speaker and a listener are diff. person, they
never the same frame of reference. The meaning of a
message will never be exactly the same to a listener to a
speaker.
FEEDBACK
When the Pres. Addresses the nation on television, he is
engaged in one-way communication. You can talk back to
the television set, but the Pres. will not hear you.
Your listener do not simply absorb your message like
human sponges. They send message of their own these
is called feedback.
INTERFERENCE
Is anything that impedes the communication of a
message.
Many classroom are subject to interference- from traffic
outside the building, the clatter of radiator, students
conversing in the hall. Any of these can distract your
listener from what you are saying.
SITUATION
Is the time and place in w/c speech communication
occurs. Conversation always takes place in a certain
situation.
Sometimes, the situation helps- as when you propose
marriage over intimate candlelight dinner. Other times it
may hurt- as when you try to speak words of love in
competition w/ a blaring stereo.
When you have to talk w/ someone about a touchy
issue, you usually wait until the situation is just right.