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FLY AWAY PETER

DAVID MALOUF
HOW CAN I USE THIS
TEXT?
READING SECTION CLOSE ANALYSIS OF KEY
PASSAGES THAT CONNECT TO CENTRAL
IDEAS.

USE SELECTED PASSAGES BASED ON THE USE


OF SPECIFIC NARRATIVE CONVENTIONS OR
LANAGUAGE TECHNIQUES.
WRITING SECTION
EXPLORATION OF KEY THEMES OR IDEAS.

AUSTRALIAN IDENTITY

THE LANDSCAPE

THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE EUROPEAN


LANDSCAPE AND AUSTRALIA VASTNESS,
UNTAMED YET BEAUTIFUL

MASCULINITY BROADER IDEA MANS


HUMANITY OR INHUMANITY.
AUSTRALIAN IDENTITY
THE STRUCTURE OF AUSTRALIAN SOCIETY

THE CONNECTION TO ENGLAND.

THE RECOGNITION OF THE SEPARATENESS OF


THE AUSTRALIA THE IDEA OF A CHANGING
SOCIETY.

THE INHERITANCE OF A CLASS STRUCTURE


CHALLENGED AND SET ASIDE BY ASHLEY AND
JIMS RELATIONSHIP EVEN IMOGEN.
ARCHETYPAL THEMES
MANS INHUMANITY FALL OF MAN-
RECOGNITION THAT BOTH EVIL AND GOOD
EXIST WITHIN EACH PERSON AN IDEA
EXPLORED THROUGHOUT TIME.

IDEA OF TIME/ HUMAN BEINGS


RELATIONSHIP TO TIME OR THE WORLDS
EXISTENCE.

MALOOF ESTABLISHES LIKE SHAKEAPEARE


AND MANY OTHERS BLIMP IN LANDSCAPE.
THEMES
LOSS OF INNOCENCE

SURVIVAL/

FRIENDSHIP

ANZAC LEGEND
SETTING
QUEENSLAND 1914
LANDSCAPE OF SWAMPS BORDERED BY THE
PACIFIC
DUNES, SHIFTING SANDS
THE LAND IS TEEMING WITH BIRDS BIRDS WHO
HAVE MIGRATED FROM ALL CORNERS OF THE
WORLD PAGE 3 THEY CAME FROM AND LIVED
IN THE OTHER PART OF THE YEAR. FAR OUT OVER
THE EARTHS RIM IN THE ISLANDS, OR IN CHINA
OR EUROPE.
ROLE OF SETTING
CONVEYS THE AUSTRALIAN IDENTITY

ITS VASTNESS ITS OPENESS NOT HEMMED IN


OR CONFINED.

ITS DIFFERENCE TO ENGLAND

THESE THINGS SPOKE OF SPACE, AND OF A TIME


IN WHICH NATURE MIGHT BE LEFT OT GO ITS
OWN WAY PAGE 11

ORDERLY FIELDS DIVIDED BY HEDGEROWS P 11


RELATIONSHIPS
THE SWAMPLAND ALSO BELONGED TO ASHLEY
THERE WAS ALSO ON ASHLEYS PART, A
RECOGNITION THAT JIM TOO HAD RIGHTS. P7
YOURE MY MAN PAGE 8- TRANSCENDS CLASS
HE FOUND THAT HE UNDERSTOOD ALMOST
EVERYTHING SHE SAID STRAIGHT OFF, AND THIS
WAS UNUSUAL. 25 IMOGEN AND JIM.
COMMON CONNECTION DIFFERENCE TO
FATHER THERE WAS IN HIS FATHER A KIND OF
SAVAGERY THAT JIM KEPT AT ARMSS LENGTH;.. P6
BIRDS AS PART OF
LANDSCAPE
MOTIF

CENTRAL TO THE WHOLE TEXT

STRUCTURAL LINK AND CONNECTS TO KEY IDEAS


WONDER OF NATURE, BEAUTY, THE IDEA THAT
IT IS POSSIBLE FOR BIRD TO MAP OUT THE EARTH
JIM MAPS OUT THE SWAMP AND THEN THE
TRENCHES.

CONTINUITY THEY COME AND GO-


MIGARATORY PATTERN LIKE JIM MAP IN HEAD.
FRIENDSHIP
JIM AND ASHLEY DIFFERENT YET AT EASE
WITH EACH OTHER.

CREATIVE JIM AND BIRDS POETIC VIEW OF


LANDSCAPE ASHLEY AND MUSIC.

THINK OF THE NORMAL REPRESENTATION OF


AUSTRALIAN IDENTITY SWAGMAN, DROVER,
THE MINER NOT USUALLY THE POET OR
CREATIVE.PAGE 34ALIKE BUT DIFFERENT
CHAPTER SIX
FIRST REFUGEES HERALDS THE CHANGE

MIGRATION OF BIRDS BUT THEN PEOPLE.

JIM INSCRIBES THE BIRDS RECORDS THEIR


ARRIVAL THEIR PATTERNS OF MIGRATION.

WITH IT WENT THE FIRST OF MISS


HARCOURTS PICTURES.
CHAPTER SEVEN
SHE COULD HAVE LAUGHED OUTRIGHT AT
THE NEWNESS OF THE OLD WORD NOW THAT
IT HAD ARRIVED ON THIS SIDE OF THE
GLOBE, AT ITS DIFFERENCE IN HIS MOUTH
AND HERS.
REDISCOVERED. P49
P53 MAP IN HIS HEAD IT WAS, IF ANYTHING,
CONFIRMATION;THAT WHAT HE HAD IN HIS
HEAD WA A TRUE PICTURE AND HTAT HE..
FLIGHT ON BI-PLANE
STRUCTURE
END OF CHAPTER EIGHT RECOGNISES SHIFT
IN LANDSCAPE AND END OF LIFE AS HE HAS
KNOWN IT. AS IF A LINE HAD BEEN DRAWN..

CHANGE SHIFTING PATTERN.

JOINS UP AND SO DOES ASHLEY.

FATHERS REACTION ECHOES THAT OF


BRISBANE WAR AS NOBLE, MANLY, HEROIC.

EUPHORIC MOOD BEFORE REALITY. PAGE 56


CHANGE OF SETTING
SETTING CHANGE OF MOOD.

CHAPTER NINE ESTABLISHES THE


RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN THE MEN.

FRIENDSHIP, COMPANIONSHIP FOUND.

CLANCY 59 HELPED JIM FEEL COMPLETE

THE SURVIVAL TACTICS CLANCY RIBALD


JOKES, ANECDOTES, BOBBY OF WHITING P60
SAVAGERY
NATURE OF HUMANKIND

PAGE 63 WIZZER GREEN

JIM WAS SURPRISED BY THE BLACK ANGER


HE POSSESSED AND THE DULL SAVAGERY HE
SAW IN THE OTHER MAN. JUST LIKE HIS
FATHER.
CHAPTER TEN
MEN TO CATTLE
PAGE 65 FORESHADOWS THE DEATH, AND BRUTALITY
TO COME.
THEY HAD GONE UP TO THE SHAMBLES IN DUMB
TERROR COMPARES TO THE MEN WHO ARE
IMPATIENT 65
IRONY THESE WAGONS HAD ONCE TAKEN CATTLE UP
TO THE SLAUGHTERHOUSES
DULCE ET DECORUM EST
IT IS SWEET AND RIGHT TO DIE FOR YOUR COUNTRY
WILFRED OWEN
THIRD PERSON
THE READER VIEWS THE WAR FROM JIMS
PERSPECTIVE.

HIS THOUGHTS AND OBSERVATIONS.

HE COMMENTS ON THE REACTIONS OF THE


MEN.

THEIR IMPATIENCE WHICH HIDES THEIR


FEAR.
CATTLE TRUCK
LANGUAGE REFLECTS THE SITUATION AND
HIS IDENTITY.

ROUGH MEN NOT OFFICERS

THEIR PISS STEAMED

CLANCY IMPROVISES - JIM AND HIM RUN FOR


WATER FOR TEA COMRADSHIP, INGENUITY.

FELLOWS LEANED OUT OF THE WAGON


CHEERING. P66
PAGE 67
SENSE OF SHARED DESTINY.

UNITY

SIMPLY STANDING ALL AGLOW

IT WAS A NEW LANDSCAPE.. JIM NOTICES


THE IMPRINT OF WAR ON THE LANDSCAPE.

HE IS ARTICULATE IN HIS THOUGHTS


OBSERVANT, PERCEPTIVE.
PAGE 68
THE ACTIVITY IS ORGANISED.
SENSE OF PURPOSE AND STRUCTURE.
TRAMTRACKS RAN BETWEEN THE ROADS, AND
TELGRAPH-CABLES CRISS-CROSSED THE EARTH ..
THINGS WERE ORGANISED, YOU SAW, ON A
LRAGE SCALE..
JIM COMPARES IT TO A COMMERCIAL OPERATION.
THIS FORMS A CONTRAST TO THE REALITY OF
THE FRONT- ITS CHAOTIC, DESPERATE,
OVERWHELMING AND WITHOUT ORDER.
MATESHIP
PAGE 67

NEW LANDSCAPE P67

PAGE 71 JIMS CAREFUL PEDANTIC WAYS ARE


COMPARED TO THE MORE CAREFREE
MANNER OF CLANCY.

Page 75 At least, Clancy said, regarding the boy,If


hes goin t get killed f Christmas hev been pissed
once in his life. class, education, attitude, colloquial
WAR/LIFE/ORDINARY
CHAPTER 12 76

YOU ENTERED THE WAR THROUGH AN


ORDINARY LOOKING GAP IN THE HEDGE

JIM REFLECTS THAT WAR ALMOST APPEARS


ORDINARY. SIDE BY SIDE WITH PEOPLE
DIGGING CABBAGES.

FARMERS SULLENLY WATCH RESENT


INTRUSION IN THEIR LIVES.
REALITY OF WAR
SUDDEN CHANGE FROM ORDINARY LIFE TO A
DIFFERENT REALITY.
NOTHING REALLY CAN PREPARE THEM.
THERE IS NO ORDER OR CONTROL
ATTEMPTS TO REGULATE ARE FUTILE.
AS THEY MOVE THEY MEET THE STRETCHER
RETURNING MAN SCREAMED AND HE IS
COVERED IN MOISTURE THAT MUST BE
BLOOD. HIS INDUCTION IS SUDDEN.
DECONSTRUCT
EXPLAIN THE SETTING THE DETAILS.

EXPLAIN HOW JIMS CHARACTER IS DEVELOPED.

LOOK AT THE LANGUAGE IMAGERY AND ITS


EFFECT ON YOUR UNDERSTANDING OF WAR.

COMPARE TO ALL QUIET ON THE WESTERN


FRONT ( GERMAN PERSPECTIVE0 AND DUCE ET
DECORUM EST BY WILFRED OWEN.( ENGLISH
UPPER CLASS POET.
Chapter 12
IMAGERY AND USE OF LANGUAGE
REFERENCE TO SENSE OF SMELL
DAMP EARTHWALLS, DAMP, IMPREGNATED
WITH GAS THE USE OF IMPREGENATED
IMPLIES IT IS BURIED DEEP WITHIN THE MUD
STRUCTURE THERE IS NO ESCAPE BUT THIS
GAS IS NOT LIFE GIVING BUT DEATH.
SMELL OF CORPSES CONSTANT REMINDER
REACTION OF MEN ITS NOT SO BAD
LANGUAGE
TRY HARD TO SOUND CASUAL, BUT THE
MALOUFS USE OF BRAVADO ALERTS THE
READER THAT IT IS NOT MEANT. AND THE LAST
SENTENCE REVEALS THAT JIM REALISES IT IS ALL
LIES LOOKED BEATEN
HE FOCUSES ON THE RATS THEY ARE A PLAGUE
FAT AS CATS, EAT INTO THE GUTS OF A MAN
AND HORSE NO ONE IS IMMUNE FROM THEIR
ATTENTIONS.SKITTERED
COMPARES THE BIRDS TO THE RATS.
FAMILIARS OF DEATH EVIL, HELL, DESPAIR
TIME MANS PLACE
ALSO REFERENCES HOW WAR HAS AGED HIM-
FEELS INCREDIBLY OLD SEEN TOO MUCH.
DISCOVERY OF MAMMOTH
REFERENCE TO PYRAMIDS
LINK TO PAST- MEN LIKE BIRDS ARE CONSTANTLY
MOVING TO WAR.
BIRDS CONTINUITY.
SMALL WAR IN THE TIMELINE.
P101
CLANCY
PAGE 83 -84
CLANCY DIES HIS BODY IS BLOWN APART
AND JIM IS COVERED IN HIS BLOOD.
NOTE HIS REACTION TO CLANCYS DEATH.
NOT HIS REACTION TO ERIC. HE RESENTS
VISITING HIM HUMAN NATURE HE WANTS
TO ESCAPE AND WHILE HE ASSURES ERIC HE
WILL VISIT THE READER REALISED THIS IS
FALSE HOPE. 86
WIZZER SHELL SHOCK
IMPACT OF WAR ON THE INDIVIDUAL IS
EXPLORED FURTHER. 90

NOT EVERYONE COPES FEAR IS EVIDENT


DESIRE TO ESCAPE WIZZER FREEZES CRIES
BREAKS DOWN DESERTERS WERE SHOT THERE
WAS NO REPORTING OF THIS IN MEDIA. SEEN AS
DISHONOURABLE, UNMANLY, COWARDLY.

93 JIM ADMITS HIS FEAR AND IS AWARE THAT


THE LINE BETWEEN COWARD AND HERO IS FINE.
WIZZER
WIZZER BEGAN TO QUAKE
HE HAD DRAWN HIMSELF UP INTO A BALL
AND WAS ROCKING HIMSELF BACK AND
FORTH, CLENCHING HIS FISTS TO HIS CHEST.
THIS CHALLENGES VIEW OF SOLDIER AS
HEROIC, BRACE AND WAR AS SOMETHING
THAT MEN CAN COPE WITH.
IT IS UNENDURABLE, HIS FEAR AND PAIN IS
EVIDENT. JIM IS AFRAID, HE WANTS TO FLEE.
CHAPTER 14
JIM COMMENTS ON HIS LOSS OF INNOCENCE- HE
THOUGHT HE WAS IMMUNE FROM HIS FATHERS
SAVAGERY BUT IN FRANCE HE REALISES HE IS NOT.
JIM SAW HE HAD BEEN LIVINGDANGEROUS
INNOCENCE. QUEENSLAND WAS NOT THE GARDEN
OF EDEN AND EVEN AT THE FRONT THERE ARE SIGNS
OF HOPE. 102
AGAIN MALOUF REMINDS THE READER OF THE
PRESENCE OF THE ORDINARY LIFE OLD MAN
PREPARING THE EARTH IN ROWS. 106
HOME AND MISS HARCOURT SEES THE GEYLAG
GEESE ABOVE MEN BELOW - 107
17 JIMS DEATH
THE MOMENT IS HAZY BUT WHEN HE SEES
CLANCY AND THE OTHER MEN WE KNOW HE
IS DEAD.

EARTH AND DIGGING A POWERFUL IMAGE OF


LIFE AND DEATH DUST TO DUST

WHEN HE FREES HIMSELF OF ASHLEYS


SUPPORT THEN HE IS DEAD AND ASHLEY
SURVIVES. THATS IT, MATE. THATS THE
STYLE! DIG!
LAST CHAPTER
HOME IMOGEN THE BIRDS, SPRING, LIFE.

I AM DOING - - MEANING OF LIFE IT ISNT FOR


ANYTHING IT SIMPLY IS WE GO ON.

JIMS FATHER I LOST MY BOY IMOGEN REFLECTS


ON FATHERS REACTION.

FIERCELY, SUCH A DEEP HATRED, HE DIDNT


INVITE SYMPATHY HIS PRIDE/RESENTMENT?

TO BOAST OF HER GRIEF BUT DOES HE?


FUTILITY OF WAR
JIMS LIFE WASTED AS SO MANY WERE.
THOSE WHO RETURNED OFTEN MENTALLY
SCARRED OR PYSICALLY MAIMED.
ENDS WITH SURFER AT ONE WITH THE
WAVES MOVEMENT CAPTURING OF THE
MOMENT. HER LOSS IS PALPABLE YET MALOUF
COMBINES LOSS WITH RENEWAL. PAIN WITH
JOY.DANCING ON SURFACE CHANGE/NEW
THE EAGER TURNING
THE BATTLE
KEY QUOTATATIONS: 119
HIS DESPERATE FIGHT FOR SURVIVAL
HE FELT THE WHOLE PROCESS, A
COARSENING O THE GRAINS OUT OF WHICH
HIS FLESH WAS COMPOSED
NOTHING LEFT OF HIM THE DETAILS
ESTABLISH HIS CONSCIOUS DESIRE TO STAY
ALIVE. THE NUMBER OF CASUALITIES
LABELLED LIKE PARCELS 120
NURSING STATION
MEETS ASHLEY THEY HAVE BEEN IN THE SAME BATTLE HE REMEMBERS PREVIOUS MEETINGS. IT I
S JIMS THOUGHTS CONFUSED.

RETURN TO ASHLEYS LOVE OF MUSIC.

HE IMPORES JIM TO LEAVE THE PLACE AND JIM EXPERIENCES SENSE OF RELIEF.

JIM HEAVED A SIGH OF RELIEF

TOWARDS A PATCH OF WOOD IT IS MOONLIGHT.125 THE BIRDS ARE THERE PEACE.

126 FIGURES, DARK-BACKED AND SLOWLY MOVING,WERE ON THEIR KNEES BETWEEN THE
PLANTS,DIGGING.

SENESE OF PURPOSE, ESCAPE, PEACE DEATH YET IMAGES OF LIFE, CONTINUITY, LIKE THE
MAMMOTH PART OF THE LAND.

LONG LINES OF THEM HE IS REASSURED BY THE NUMBER OF SOLDIERS THAT HE SEES.