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Science-Lesson

8Proper Waste Disposal


According to the Properties
of Each Material

ZION JOY V. SANTERO


Old Sagay Elementary School
Objective:
Demonstrate proper
disposal of waste according
to its properties.
Lets Recall
What are the effects of
exposure to decaying waste on
the environment and to our
health?
Answer: It will cause
pollution and make people
to sick.
Lets Recall
What can you do help lessen
these effects to man?

Answer: Practice multi-Fs recycling


scheme which is factory returnable,
fertilizers, feed, fermentable, fuel, fine
crafts, and fig materials or the 5Rs
(Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, Repair and Rot)
Presentation
Have you gone to hospitals and
markets?

What are the waste materials


commonly found in hospitals?

What common wastes can you


find in markets?
Materials needed:
Leaves Candy wrappers
Soft drinks can Empty boxes
Juice wrappers Styro cups
Plastics bags paper
Disposable diaper
Standards for Group Activity
Cooperate with your group
Share your ideas with your group
Stay focused on task
Talk softly not to disturb other groups.
Raise your hand if you have
questions.
Station 1-Hospital
Station 2-Market
Station 3-School
What to do?

1. Go to your assigned station.


2. Identify the kind of materials in your
station.
3. List the materials in your science
notebook.
4. Group the materials according to the
following properties: biodegradable,
recyclable, and/or combustible.
What to do?

5. Use the sacks in your station to place


the waste materials.
6. In your science notebook, list the steps
to be followed in disposing the waste
materials in your assigned station.
7. Prepare a group presentation on
proper waste segregation to be
performed in class.
Waste Materials in Hospitals

Biodegradable Non-biodegradable
Tissue Paper Gauze
Medicine gloves
dropper
Medicine bottles Disposable bottles
bandage masks
Separate the materials using these
Waste Materials
table in Hospitals
Biodegradable Non- Combustible
biodegradable
Waste Materials in Markets

Disposable plates Disposable forks


Disposable spoons Rotten fruits
Rotten vegetables Plastic bags
Empty bottles Fish gills
Meat bones Empty containers
Waste Materials in Schools

Disposable spoons sticks


Dry leaves Plastic bottles
Empty bottles Fish gills
Papers Disposable forks
Write if the waste materials is biodegradable, recyclable, and/or
combustible.
1. Masks
2. Rotten vegetable
3. Medicine wrapper
4. Bandage
5. Fish gills
6. Dry leaves
7. Sticks
8. Empty bottles
9. Dextrose bags
10. plastics
Group Activity
Guide Questions

10 minutes
Guide
GuideQuestions
Questions
1. What waste materials are
found in your station?
Hospital
Market
School
Guide
GuideQuestions
Questions
2. What are the properties of each
of the waste materials?
Some materials undergo decay,
some are made of plastics
Guide
GuideQuestions
Questions

3. Were all the materials disposable?


Some materials ar disposable, som
are not.
Guide
GuideQuestions
Questions

4. How did you dispose the waste


materials?
We group them first according to
their properties
Guide
GuideQuestions
Questions

5. Where did you place the


materials that undergo decay?
We put them in a separate containe
Guide
GuideQuestions
Questions

6. What did you do with the materials


that undergo decay?
make a compost
Guide
GuideQuestions
Questions

7. What did you do with the materials


made of plastic, metals and other
non-decaying materials
Materials made of plastic were
placed in a sack; used batteries and
bulbs were placed in a box.
Guide
GuideQuestions
Questions

8. Are there waste materials that can


be reused? What are they?
Yes.
Guide
GuideQuestions
Questions

9. What are the materials that can be


recycled?
Plastic bottles, papers and boxes.
Guide
GuideQuestions
Questions

10. What did you learn in this activity


Proper disposal of human waste
is important to avoid pollution of
water sources.
Disposal must be done to avoid
harming the environment or causing
harm to human health.
Waste should never be disposed
down sinks, drains, lavatories,
ditches, near wildlife or ponds.
Products for disposal should not be
mixed together and containers should
be clearly labeled.
Separate materials into bio-degradable
and non-biodegradable.
BIODEGRADABLE MATERIALS are
materials which decay such as
leaves,paper and twigs
NON-BIODEGRADABLE
are materials or substances that do not
undergo decay such as plastic and metal.
RECYCLE some of the non-
biodegradable materials.
Make a compost out of decaying
materials.
Compost are waste materials that
are recycled as fertilizer
.
EVALUATION
Evaluation
Given are some of the waste materials in our
Read and
surroundings. answer each
Demonstrate waysquestions.
of disposing them
through athe
Choose drawing.Explain
letter of the your drawing.
correct answer.
1.Which material is biodegradable?
A.Plastic bag C. styro cup
B.Vegetable craps D. used battery

2. How should not-decaying wastes be


disposed?
A. By composting C. by recycling
B. Reusing D. Both b and c
EVALUATION
Evaluation
Given are some of the waste materials in our
surroundings. Demonstrate ways of disposing them
through a drawing.Explain your drawing.
3. Which is the best way of disposing
decaying materials?
A. Make a compost
B. Mix them with the non-decaying
C. Burn them
D. throw them in the river
EVALUATION
Evaluation
Given are some of the waste materials in our
surroundings. Demonstrate ways of disposing them
through a drawing.Explain materials
4. Non-biodegradable your drawing.
can be
________.
A. recycled and reused
B. turned into fertilizers
C. Decayed
D. eaten
EVALUATION
Evaluation
Given are some of the waste materials in our
surroundings. Demonstrate ways of disposing them
through a drawing.Explain
5. Which your drawing.
act shows recycling of waste
materials?
A. Make a compost out of vegetable craps
and leaves
B. Throw plastic bottles and glass canisters in
the garbage.
C. Make a beautiful home dcor out of plastic
bottles.
D. Burn plastic bags and newspapers.
EVALUATION
Enrichment
Given are some of the waste materials in our
Identify the material whether biodegradable
surroundings. Demonstrate ways of disposing them or non-
biodegradable. Identify
through aBiodegradab
drawing.Explain ways on how to
your drawing. dispose them.
Ways of Biodegradable Ways of
le/non- Disposing it /non- Disposing it
biodegradab biodegradable
le

1 4

2
5

3
Make a pen holder out of
plastic bottles.
References

Science 4 TG pp. 24-28


Science 4 LM pp. 23-25
Activity Title

How will I assort or


separate materials?
Name of Materials Description Properties
(Odor, Color, Size, (biodegradable, on-
etc) biodegradable or
combustibe)
paper white biodegradable

Rotten lemon Yellow, sour biodegradable

Plastic bottle small Non-biodegradable

Dried leaves brown biodegradable

Tin can Gray, medium Non-biodegradable

ballpen short Non-biodegradable

twigs brown biodegradable


Name of Materials Description Properties
(Odor, Color, Size, etc) (biodegradable, non-
biodegradable or
combustible)
Tissues white Decaying
Masks, Gloves White Non Decaying
Injection Short Non Decaying
Diapers Large, Medium, Small Non Decaying
Medicine Dropper Small Non Decaying
Plastic Bottles, Large, Medium, Small Non Decaying
Spoons, Cups, Forks,
Plates
Dextrose Bag & Tubes Medium Non Decaying
Blades Metal Non Decaying