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Current Affairs( Dec)

1.Asia Pacific Trade Investment Report

?????
United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and
the Pacific (ESCAP)

Located in Bangkok(Thailand),it is one of the five


regional commissions of the United Nations
Economic and Social Council.
It was established in 1947 to encourage
economic cooperation among its member
states.
It also includes France, the Netherlands, the
United Kingdom and the United States.
Emphasis on promoting higher, well-balanced
and sustainable regional growth that helps
eradicate poverty and generates jobs.
2.Insertion of Leap Second In the
Indian Standard Time
1. Council of Scientific & Industrial Research
(CSIR) -National Physical Laboratory (CSIR-
NPL) is the custodian of Indian Standard
Time (IST)
2. Leap Second is added every now and then
to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) in
order to synchronize clocks worldwide with
the Earth's ever slowing rotation.
Coordinated Universal Time[UTC]
Coordinated Universal Time is the primary time
standard by which the world regulates clocks
and time.
UTC is considered interchangeable with
Greenwich Mean Time (GMT), but GMT is no
longer precisely defined by the scientific
community
UTC consists of a time scale that combines the
output of more than 300 highly precise Atomic
clocks worldwide, including the one at CSIR-NPL.
Contd.
On the other hand, the Astronomical Time
known as Universal Time (UT1) refers to the
Earth's rotation around its own axis and
determines the length of a day.
But..
However the Earth's rotation sometimes speeds up
and sometimes it slows down, due to various factors
including the gravitational force of Moon.
Therefore, as and when the difference between UTC
and UT1 approaches 0.9 seconds, a Leap Second is
added to UTC through Atomic clocks worldwide
The Leap Second adjustment is not so relevant for
normal everyday life; however this shift is critical for
astronomy, satellite navigation, communication
networks etc.
3.Any idea
India signed a mega defence deal with the U.S.
for 145 M-777 Ultra-Light Howitzer guns
worth $750 million.
This is the first major artillery deal signed by
India after the Bofors scandal in the late
1980s.
Prelims view point
Defence Acquisition Council (DAC)
Defense Acquisition Council, responsible for purchases
related to the Indian Army. It is chaired by defence minister.

Cabinet Committee on Security(CCS)


It cleared the deal
It decides on India's defence expenditure, matters of
National Security, and makes significant appointments.
CCS is chaired by the Prime Minister of India and comprises
the Minister of Defence , the Minister of Finance, the
Minister of Home Affairs, and the Minister of External
Affairs.
Any IDEA?
4.UNESCO inscribes Yoga in the list of Intangible
Cultural Heritage of Humanity
Yoga is a group of physical, mental, and spiritual
practices or disciplines which originated in ancient
India.
Yoga is more than physical exercise; it has a meditative
and spiritual core.
There is a broad variety of Yoga schools, practices, and
goals in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism.
Among the most well-known types of yoga are Hatha
yoga and Rja yoga.
Yoga Sutras of Patanjali compiled prior to 400 CE by
Sage Patanjali, is considered as one of the foundations
of classical Yoga philosophy.
Indian list included in UNESCO
INTANGIBLE CULTURAL HERITAGE
1.Kutiyattam- Sanskrit theatre
2.Tradition of Vedic chanting
3.Ramlila-> The traditional performance of
Ramayana
4.Ramman-> The religious festival and ritual
theatre of Garhwal Himalayas
5.Mudiyettu-> Ritual Theatre and dance drama
of kerala
Contd
6.Kalbelia-> folk Songs and dance of Rajasthan
7.Chahu Dance->Semi classical Indian dance with
martial tribal and folk origins
8. Buddhist chanting of Ladakh:
recitation of sacred Buddhist texts in the trans-
Himalayan Ladakh region, Jammu and Kashmir,
India
9. Sankirtana,
ritual singing, drumming and dancing of Manipur
10. Traditional brass and copper craft of utensil
making among the Thatheras of Jandiala
Guru, Punjab, India
11.Nawroz-Iranian New year
12.Yoga
http://www.unesco.org/culture/ich/en/state/in
dia-IN?info=elements-on-the-lists[reference]
Any idea
5.Prakash Parv
It is 350th birth anniversary of Guru Gobind
Singh Ji
Guru Gobind Singh [1666-1708]
1.He was the 10th sikh guru
2.Father Guru Tegh Bahadur being beheaded for
refusing to convert to ISLAM he was formally
installed as the leader of sikhs at the age of 9
His contributions
1.He initiated the system of Khalsa
2. 5ks
a.Kesh or hair, which means to leave the hair uncut b.
b.Kangha or wooden comb, as a symbol of cleanliness;
c. Kara or iron bracelet, as a mark to remind a Khalsa of self-restraint;
d. Kacchera or knee-length shorts, to be worn by a Khalsa for being
always ready to go into battle on horseback;
e. Kirpan, a sword to defend oneself and the poor, the weak and the
oppressed from all religions, castes and creeds.
3. Guru Gobind Singh named Guru Granth Sahib, the religious text of
the Khalsas and the Sikhs, as the next Guru of the two
communities.
6. Vittiya Saksharata Abhiyan

Guess????
Contd..
Union HRD Minister appealed to the faculty and
especially young students to come forward
and join Vittiya Saksharata Abhiyan to
encourage, create awareness and motivate all
people around them to use a digitally enabled
cashless economic system for transfer of fund.
7.Any Idea
MERCOSUR SUSPENDS VENEZUELA
1. Mercosur is an economic and political bloc comprising
Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay.[BAPU]
2. Its purpose is to promote free trade and the fluid
movement of goods, people, and currency
3. It is now a full customs union and a trading bloc.

Venezuela had failed to meet a Dec. 1 deadline to adopt


certain standards required for membership. It has
failed to meet economic, human rights and
immigration accords governing the group
8.Any IDEA
Pre-historic camping site found in
Ladakh
1. In a new opening in Indian archaeology, an
ancient camping site used by pre-historic man
and datable to circa 8500 BCE, has been found
at an altitude of about 4,200 metres near Saser
La in the Nubra Valley, Ladakh. Saser La leads to
the Karakoram Pass.
2.A camping site is a place where hunter-gatherers
stayed temporarily before they moved on to
another place.
3. Only 6th century CE to 7th century CE remains
were reported in Ladakh so far.
9.Any Idea
Dr. Ambedkars birth day to be
celebrated as Water Day
Union Minister for Water Resources has
announced that Dr. Ambedkars birth day 14th
April will be celebrated as Water Day.
He is the founding father of Central Water
Commission in the form of Central Waterways,
Irrigation and Navigation Commission (CWINC),
while being Labour Member of the Viceroys
Executive Council in year 1945.
Introduced article 262 regarding the adjudication
of disputes relating to waters of inter- State rivers
or river valleys.
10.Guess
Bogibeel National Project of Railways
Bogibeel bridge is a combined road and rail
bridge in the Dibrugarh district of Assam.
Upon its expected completion in 2017 it will
become the longest bridge across the
Brahmaputra River.
The bridge will be of strategic importance to
India as it will significantly enhance India's
ability totransport troops and supplies to its
border with China in Arunachal Pradesh
11.????
Giraffes added to vulnerable list

International Union for the Conservation of


Nature(IUCN), changed the conservation status of
Giraffe to Vulnerable in its Red Data Book.
The giraffe (Giraffa) is a genus of African
mammals, the tallest living terrestrial animals
and the largest ruminants.
The genus consists of eleven species but seven of
these species are extinct.
Giraffes live primarily in southern and eastern
Africa, with smaller populations throughout the
rest of the continent
12.
Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI) launched a
tender of 1000 MW grid-connected
.
1. As a step towards fulfillment of the Government of
Indias target for installation of 40 GW rooftop solar
power plants by the year 2022.[2022 target???]
2.A company of the Indian Ministry of New and
Renewable Energy, established to facilitate the
implementation of Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar
Mission.
3.It is the only Public Sector Undertaking dedicated to
the solar energy sector..The company was recently
renamed to Renewable Energy Corporation of India
(RECI) to broaden the mandate.
13.Guess
Cancel illegal salt pans in Sambhar
Lake: NGT
Sambhar Lake {largest Inland Salt Lake}
Itis located 96 km south west of the city of Jaipur in
Rajasthan.
It is the source of most of Rajasthans salt production.
It produces 196,000 tonnes of clean salt every year,
which equates to around 9% of Indias salt production.
Sambhar has been designated as a Ramsar site.
The wetland is a key wintering area for flamingos and
other birds that migrate from northern Asia.
14.Any Idea
Longest rail tunnel opens in
Switzerland
The 57-kilometre Gotthard Base Tunnel (GBT)
is longest tunnel now.
It runs from Erstfeld to Bodio in Switzerland.
With its opening, the GBT has surpassed
Japans 53.9-kilometre Seikan tunnel as the
worlds longest train tunnel
15.Guess
Ratan watal committee on Digital
Payments
1.It has asked for a 30-90 days timeline for
implementing a number of measures that the
committee hopes can cut in half Indias cash
usage from 12% of GDP in three years..
2.Give Board for Regulation and Supervision of
Payment and Settlement Systems
(BPSS)independent statutory status within
overall structure of RBI.
3.Inclusion of consumer protection, data
protection and privacy clauses in the existing
Payment and Settlements Act, 2007
Board for Regulation and supervision
of Payment and settlement system
BPSS a sub-committee of the Central Board of
the Reserve Bank of India and is the
highest policy making body on payment
systems in the country.
It functions by the Payment and Settlement
Systems Act, 2007 (PSS Act)
Link it with Budget announcement
Budget announcement
Proposed to create a Payments Regulatory
Board in the Reserve Bank of India by
replacing the existing Board for Regulation
and Supervision of Payment and Settlement
Systems
Contd
4. Aadhaar-based e-KYC to replace all existing
central KYC processes.
5.Ownership of NPCI should be diversified and
allowed to function independently
National Payments Corporation of India(NPCI)

NPCI is the umbrella organization for all retail


payment systems in India.
Founded in 2008, NPCI is a not-for-profit organization
registered under section 8 of the Companies Act 2013.
The organization is owned by a consortium of major
banks and has been promoted by the Reserve Bank of
India.
Its recent work of developing Unified Payments
Interface aims to move India to a cashless society.
BHIM (Bharat Interface for Money) is a Mobile App
developed by NPCI, based on the UPI
Contd
6. Operations of payment systems like National
Electronic Fund Transfer (NEFT) and Real
Time Gross Settlement (RTGS) can be
outsourced and be functioning 24X7.
National Electronic Fund Transfer
It helps individuals and firms to electronically
transfer funds from any bank branch to any
individual or firm having an account in any other
bank branch in the country. It is done via
electronic messages.
It is not on real time basis like RTGS and does
take some hours.
For being part of the NEFT funds transfer
network, a bank branch has to be NEFT enabled.
As of now it is not available 24x7
Real-Time Gross Settlement
Real Time Gross Settlement is a funds transfer
mechanism where transfer of money takes place
from one bank to another.
This is the fastest possible money transfer system
through the banking channel.
Settlement in 'real time' means are settled as
soon as they are processed.
'Gross settlement' means the transaction is
settled on one to one basis without bunching
with any other transaction.
As of now it is not available 24x7
Contd..
7. Create a fund proposed as DIPAYAN from savings
generated from cash-less transactions
to expand digital payments.
8. All government payments to be made online. It
has also suggested waiving customs and excise
duty on parts used in micro-ATMs and point of
sale machines.
9.Issue regulations on Systemically Important
Payment System (SIPS) and Systemically
Important Financial Institutions (SIFIs)
Systemically Important Payment
System (SIPS)
Payment systems which have the
characteristic that a failure of these systems
could potentially endanger the operation of
the whole economy.
A well-founded legal basis, high degree of
user dependency and efficiency provided to
the economy are some of its features
Systemically Important Financial
Institutions (SIFIs)

A bank, insurance company, or other financial


institution whose failure might trigger a
financial crisis.
They are colloquially referred to as "too big to
fail".
16.Guess
One china Policy
The policy or view that there is only one state called
"China", despite the existence of two
governments that claim to be "China".
The two governments are People's Republic of
China (PRC, Mainland China) and Republic of
China (ROC, Taiwan)
Countries seeking diplomatic relations with one of
these countries have to break official relations
with the other.
.
Contd
Background
Before Second World War, the Republic of China
government under Chiang Kai-shek ruled both
mainland China and Taiwan.
However, the resumption of the Chinese Civil War after
WW2 led to the ROC's loss of the mainland to the
Communists, and the flight of the ROC government to
Taiwan in 1949.
Today most of the countries including India has official
diplomatic relations with mainland China(PRC) but
maintains informal relations with Taiwan(ROC)
Geography
The island of Taiwan is off the southeastern
coast of mainland China, which lies across
the Taiwan Strait.
The East China Sea lies to the north, the
Philippine Sea to the east, and the South
China Sea to the south.
All are arms of the Pacific Ocean.
17.???
Vanjeevan
Vanjeevan- the National Resource Centre for Tribal
Livelihood issues will be established at Bhubaneswar,
Odisha.
By Ministry of Tribal Affairs in collaboration with UNDP
and National Scheduled Tribes Finance and
Development Corporation (NSTFDC).
Vanjeevan will be a programme to identify the problems
in livelihood issues in select districts of six states having
low HDI of tribal people in the first phase.
Will serve as a platform for livelihood mapping, skill gap
analysis and knowledge hub along with
entrepreneurship models.
18.??? Military exercise
19??? Anti-terror exercise
Geography
Kyrgyzstan is a rugged Central Asian country along the Silk Road,
the ancient trade route between China and the Mediterranean.
Bishkek is the capital and largest city.
In the south, the millennia-old city of Osh was once a stop on the
Silk Road.
Kyrgyzstan has significant deposits of metals including gold and
rare earth metals.
The mountainous region of the Tian Shan covers over 80% of the
country therefore referred to as "the Switzerland of Central Asia
It is farther from the sea than any other individual country.
One of the most popular tourist destination points is Issyk Kul Lake
20
Digi shala TV channel
The ministry of electronics and Information
Technology (MeitY) launched a TV channel named
'DigiShala'.
It is a 247 TV channel committed to educate the
masses on various digital payment modes.
It is a move to promote digital payment and empower
millions of Indians in rural areas.

Digishala Tv Channel is a free-to-air channel but airing it


is not mandatory for the service provider and direct-to-
home (DTH) customers may opt for it.
22.
Lucky Grahak Yojana
NITI Aayog announces launch of the schemes
Lucky Grahak Yojana and Digi-DhanVyapar Yojana
for incentivizing digital payment
The primary aim of these schemes is to
incentivize digital transactions so that electronic
payments are adopted by all sections of the
society, especially the poor and the middle class.
National Payment Corporation of India (NPCI)
shall be the implementing agency.
Lucky Grahak Yojana- Consumers
Daily reward of Rs 1000 to be given to 15,000 lucky
Consumers for a period of 100 days.
Weekly cash prizes also for Consumers who use the
alternate modes of digital Payments.
This will include all forms of transactions viz.
Unified Payment Interface(UPI), Unstructured
Supplementary Service Data(USSD), Aadhaar
Enabled Payment System(AEPS) and RuPay Cards,
but will for the time being exclude transactions
through Private Credit Cards and Digital Wallets.
Digi-Dhan Vyapar Yojana- for
merchants
Prizes for Merchants for all digital transactions
conducted at Merchant establishments.
Weekly prizes worth Rs. 50,000, Rs 5,000 and
Rs. 2,500.
23?
Rights of Persons with Disabilities Bill
- 2016 Passed by Parliament
The Bill will replace the existing Persons with Disabilities Act,
1995
1. The types of disabilities have been increased from existing
7 to 21 and the Central Government will have the power
to add more types of disabilities.
2.Individuals with at least 40% of a disability are entitled to
reservations in education and employment and preference
in government schemes
3.Every child with benchmark disability(40%) between the
age group of 6 and 18 years shall have the right to free
education.
4. District level committees will be constituted by the State
Governments to address local concerns of PwDs.
Contd..
Special Courts will be designated in each district to handle
cases concerning violation of rights of PwDs.
Creation of National and State Fund will be created to
provide financial support to the persons with disabilities.
District courts may bestow upon two types of
guardianship: limited guardian (who has to take joint
decisions with mentally ill person) and plenary guardian
(who can take decisions on behalf of mentally ill person,
without consulting them).
The Bill provides for penalties for offences committed
against persons with disabilities.
Contd..
The New Act will bring our law in line with
the United National Convention on the Rights
of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD), to
which India is a signatory
Reservation in vacancies in government
establishments has been increased from 3%
to 4% for certain persons or class of persons
with benchmark disability.
24?
Majuli to be Indias first ever carbon neutral
district

The project - Sustainable Action for Climate


Resilient Development in Majuli (SACReD,
Majuli) has been initiated by Assam
government.
To combat climate change and reduce
greenhouse gas emissions
Mitigation through forestry activities and
biodiversity conservation followed by other
interventions over the next three years
25?
Rio gets UNESCO world heritage
status
Rio de Janeiro(Brazil), nicknamed the Marvellous
City, has officially entered the UNs list of world
heritage sites in recognition of its granite cliffs,
urban rainforest and beaches.
UNESCO highlighted the extraordinary fusion
of man-made and natural beauty in certifying
Rio on the world heritage list.
Flamengo Park, Sugarloaf Mountain, the Corcovado,
Copacabana beach, the Botanical Garden and
Tijuca forest.[prelims connect]
26?
Worlds first cloned goat with
Cashmere
The worlds first cloned goat bearing superfine
Cashmere wool was recently born in north
Chinas Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
Cashmere wool is obtained from Cashmere
goats and other types of goats and is finer
than sheep's wool.
China, Afghanistan, Iranh are the major
producers of Cashmere wool
27?
Indias first IIS
Prime Minister laid foundation stone of the
countrys first Indian Institute of Skills (IIS) at
Kanpur recently.
Aimed at making India the Skill Capital of the
World.
The institute is being opened by the Skill
Development Ministry in partnership with
the Institute of Technical Education,
Singapore
Indian Enterprise Development service
The Government has approved formation of the Indian
Enterprise Development Service (IEDS) in the Office of
the Development Commissioner, Ministry of Micro,
Small and Medium Enterprises.
Will help in achieving growth in the MSME sector
through a focused and dedicated cadre of technical
officers.
The work of the officers of the ministry has changed
over the years and there is need to have a cadre which
works for the development of enterprise and thinks
holistically.[recruitment
28?
Parliamentary Standing Committee on Science
and Technology's report on forest fires
Formed after a series of devastating forest fires earlier this
year, including the one that charred 4,000 hectares of forest
land in Uttarakhand.
Highlights of the report
The frequency of forest fires in India has risen by a drastic
55% in the past year.
The three central States of Odisha, Chhattisgarh, and
Madhya Prades contribute a third of the forest fires. Madhya
Pradesh has seen a nearly ten-fold increase.
Accumulated Chir pine needles which are inflammable
due to their high-resin content are believed to be a
prominent factor in occurring and spreading of forest fires.
Contd..
Recommended the procurement of sweeping
machines to clear roadsides of Chir pine
needles.
large-scale incentives and programmes
(including under the Mahatma Gandhi
National Rural Employment Guarantee Act) to
collect pines for use as fuel, and other
incineration
29?
National Apprenticeship Promotion
Scheme (NAPS) launched
The scheme has an outlay of Rs 10000 crore and it involves
incentivizing employers in sharing 25% of total cost of
stipend paid to the apprentices.
First time a scheme has been designed to offer financial
incentives to employers to engage apprentices.
The government will also fund 50 per cent of the total
expenditure incurred by the employer in providing basis
training to apprentices.
Would be implemented by Director General of Training
(DGT) under Ministry of Skill Development and
Entrepreneurship (MSDE).
Apprenticeship Training is considered to be one of the most
efficient ways to develop skilled manpower for the country.
30. Coal Mitra
A Web portal for flexibility in Utilization of
Domestic Coal recently launched by the
government.
To bring about flexibility in Utilization of
Domestic Coal by transferring the reserves to
more cost efficient State/Centre owned or
Private sector generating stations, leading to
lower generation costs and ultimately lesser
cost of electricity for the consumers.
31.Bunker Mitra
The Ministry of Textiles has decided to establish
a Bunkar Mitra-Handloom Helpline Centre
where professional queries of weavers will be
answered by the experts in the field. This
helpline will function from 10.00 a.m to 6 p.m.
and initially it will be provided in 7 languages
viz., Hindi, English, and 5 other regional
languages (Telugu, Tamil, Kannada Bengali &
Assamese).
32.National Index for performance on
health outcomes
NITI Aayog launches the National Index for Performance
on Health Outcomes
To nudge States towards transformative action in the
Health sector.
It is meant to capture the annual incremental
improvements by States, rather than focus on historical
achievements.
Monito rable indicators that form a part of Sustainable
Development Goal in Health have been included in
order to align these initiatives.
Data will be entered and results published on a
dynamic web portal hosted by NITI AyoG
33?
First 2G (Second Generation) Ethanol Bio-refinery in India to be
set up at Bathinda
(Punjab

Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL), a


Central Government Public Sector Undertaking, is
setting up the project.
First generation biofuels are made from the
sugars and vegetable oils found in arable crops .
Second generation (2G) ethanol draws on
previously unused (ligno-) cellulosic plant parts,
such as straw or corn cobs(Agricultural residues).
Third generation biofuels are made from Algae
with most productivity
Importance
Provide additional sources of remuneration to
farmers
Address the growing environmental
concerns(paddy straw burning)
Support the Ethanol Blended Petrol (EBP)
programme for achieving 10% Ethanol
Blending in Petrol.
34.Smart Anti-Airfield Weapon
The Defence and Research Development
Organization (DRDO) recently successfully flight
tested the Smart Anti-Airfield Weapon (SAAW),
from an Indian Air Force (IAF) aircraft.
SAAW is an indigenously designed and
developed 120 kg. class smart weapon.
It is capable of engaging ground targets with
high precision up to a range of 100 kms.
The light weight high precision guided bomb is
one of the world class weapons systems.
35.Kuchipidi
Kuchipudi performers dance their way into Guinness
Records
Classical dance Kuchipudi has found a place in the
Guinness World Records when a record 6,117 dancers
presented a show at the IGMC Stadium in Vijaywada
recently.
Kuchipudi is one of the classical dance forms of the
South India which derives its name from the Kuchipudi
village of Andhra Pradesh.
Exhibits scenes from the Hindu Epics, legends and
mythological tales through a combination of music,
dance and acting.
The use of speech distinguishes Kuchipudis
presentation as dance drama.
In its early form, the female roles were played by
boys and young men.
Today most of the performances are solo, done
by female dancers.
Kuchipudi dance retains its devotional character
with stress on dramatic outlook.
In 17th century Kuchipudi style of Yakshagaana
was conceived by Siddhendra Yogi a Vaishnava
poet in 14th century
36?
What: From a population of barely 75 in 1905, Indian
rhinos numbered over 2,700 by 2012

1. The Indian rhino was moved from its status of


endangered (since 1986) to vulnerable in 2008 by
the International Union for Conservation of Nature
(IUCN).
2. In India, rhinos can now be found in parts of Uttar
Pradesh, West Bengal and Assam.In 2012, more than
91% of Indian rhinos lived in Assam, according to
WWF-India data.Within Assam, rhinos are
concentrated within Kaziranga national park, with a
few in Pobitara wildlife sanctuary. Kaziranga is home
to more than 91% of Assams rhinos
Contd..
3. Indian Rhino Vision 2020 programme (IRV2020). It is a
collaborative effort between various organisations,
including the International Rhino Foundation, Assams
Forest Department, Bodoland Territorial Council, WWF-
India, and the US Fish and Wildlife Service. IRV2020 hopes
to raise the number of rhinos in Assam to 3,000 by 2020
and spread them over seven of the states protected areas

4. The first successful attempt to move rhinos out of Assam


and re-introduce them into a similar habitat was made in
1984 in Uttar Pradeshs Dudhwa national park, which has
33 rhinos today
37. Nuclear power plant at Kovvada
'
Kovvada Atomic Power Project is a proposed
6,600 MW nuclear power station in
Srikakulam district of Andhra Pradesh.
A majority of people residing in Kovvada
agreed to the rehabilitation package for the
project in the Social Impact Survey recently.
It will be jointly implemented by
Westinghouse(USA) and Nuclear Power
Corporation of India(NPCIL)
38.Char Dham Highway Project
The Char Dham all-weather Highway will
improve connectivity between Kedarnath,
Badrinath, Gangotri and Yamunotri.
The char dham is defined by the Pandavas in
Mahabharata as "Badrinath" , "Kedarnath" ,
"Gangotri" and "yamunotri" which in modern
days called as 'Chota Char Dham'
Today Char Dham is known as the all-India
religious circuit of Badrinath, Dwarka, Puri and
Rameswaram.
39.Polavaram Project
Polavaram Project is a multi-purpose irrigation
project which has been accorded national
project status by the central government.
The project will lead to the development of
Irrigation, Hydropower and drinking water
facilities to East Godavari, Vishakhapatnam, West
Godavari and Krishna districts of Andhra Pradesh.
It will also help to reduce floods in the Godavari
delta.[Study godavari and its tributaries]
40. Shri Gaya Prasad Katiyar
He joined Hindustan Socialist Republican
Association in 1925 and got connected with
Chandra Shekhar Azad and Bhagat Singh.
Later he participated on Lahore Conspiracy
Case, got arrested and joined the hunger
strike at Lahore Jail with his co prisoners.
Later he was transported to Cellular jail in
Andaman and again he participated on hunger
strike there.
41.GARV II app
Power ministry launched GARV app to provide real time
data about rural electrification in all (6 lakh) villages of
the country
Need for GARV II APP
Earlier GARV app only provided data about rural
electrification regarding 18,452 unelectrified villages
while GARV II will provide real time data about all
villages.
It will ensure transparency in rural electrification
programme as it will be open to public scrutiny
through feedback and suggestions unlike earlier GARV
app.
Key Features
Villages with more than 15 lakh habitation has been mapped.
It has a citizen engagement window called SAMVAD
through which people can provide their feedback and
suggestion which will be automatically forwarded to
concerned authorities.
It will have a latest update on release of funds to states
sanctioned under DDUGJY.
Progress of the various work will be updated on day to day
by implementing agencies of state government.
It has a dashboard for Managing directors and
Superintendent engineers of DISCOMS for online
monitoring
Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY)

Flagship programme of power ministry to


facilitate 24*7 power supply especially in rural
area villages.
It was launched in 2015
Earlier scheme for rural electrification called
Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana
(RGGVY) has been subsumed in this scheme
42.Financial Data Management Centre
Ajay Tyagi committee constituted under the
Department of Economic Affairs recommended
the creation of statutory body called Financial
Data Management Centre.
Financial Stability and Development Council
(FSDC) first suggested the creation of such body
after RBI objected to share company specific
data with FSDC as it is not a statutory body.
So, GoI in budget 2016-17 announced the setting
up of FDMC under FSDC to facilitate integrated
data aggregation and analysis in financial sector
FSDC[Asked in last prelims]
An apex level autonomous body constituted in
2010 to ensure financial stability, regulate the
entire financial sector of the country and
enhance coordination between various
financial regulatory bodies.
Finance minister is the chairman of this body
and heads of financial sector regulatory
authorities are its member (RBI, SEBI, IRDA,
etc)
43.NGT bans open waste burning
It has been established in 2010 under the National Green Tribunal Act
2010.
It has been established for effective and expeditious disposal of cases
relating to environmental protection and conservation of forests
and other natural resources.
It also includes enforcement of any legal right relating to
environment and giving relief and compensation for damages to
persons and property and for matters connected therewith.
The Tribunal is not bound by the procedure laid down under the Code
of Civil Procedure, 1908, and is guided by principles of natural
justice.
The Tribunal is mandated to make and endeavor for disposal of
applications or appeals finally within 6 months of filing of the
same.
Very Important
Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act,
1974
Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act,
1974
Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991
Forest Conservation Act
Biological Diversity Act
44. ECO-SENSITIVE ZONE: SANJAY
GANDHI NATIONAL PARK
It is created to act as a buffer for further
protection around Protected Areas (PAs) such
as National Parks and Wildlife sanctuaries
Activities around such areas are regulated and
managed so as to protect the environment.
ESZ is notified under Section 3 of the
Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 by the
Union Ministry of Environment and Forest
Contd..
Prohibited: Commercial Mining, Setting of Saw
Mill, Setting of industries causing pollution,
establishment of major hydroelectric projects
etc.
Regulated: Felling of Trees, Establishment of hotels
and resorts, erection of electrical cables, Drastic
change of agricultural systems etc.
Permitted: Ongoing agriculture and horticulture
practices by local communities, rain water
harvesting, organic farming etc
Sanjay Gandhi National Park

It is part of Western Ghat Biodiversity complex


Mammals found - leopard, wild boar, four-
horned antelope, black naped hare, wild cat,
jackal and porcupine
Birds- Lesser grebe, Purple Heron, Smaller
Egret, Lesser Whistling Teal, Pariah Kite
Reptiles - Indian Cobra and Viper
45.Launch of Agni V
India successfully conducted the final test of its indigenous ICBM, Agni-
V from Wheeler Island off Odisha coast.
About AGNI V
The nuclear-capable missile has a strike range of over 5,000-km.
It has been developed by DRDO
It can be transported and swiftly launched from anywhere on land.
It can even be launched from canisters.
It is a surface-to-surface missile having new technologies
incorporated than previous Agni counterparts in terms of navigation
and guidance, warhead and engine.
It is one of the most accurate ballistic missile in the world and
therefore has high kill efficiency.
46.Indias First Private moon mission
Team Indus, a Bengaluru-based private
aerospace company will be sending a
spacecraft to the Moon on December 28,
2017 aboard an ISRO rocket.
More about the mission
The aim of the mission is to land this aircraft on moon, have it
travel at least 500 metres, and beam HD videos, images
and data back to the Earth.
Except for the launch vehicles, all the technology to be used
under the mission has been developed in-house by the
company
It is one of the four international teams running for the
Google Lunar XPRIZE, a $30 million competition to
encourage private companies to take up space missions.
ISROs PSLV (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle) would launch the
spacecraft
Indias Social Development report
???
The Council of Social Development recently
released India Social Development Report
2016
It is a society registered under societies act
1860. It is a research and advocacy institution
(like a think tank) that has the objective of
social development with equality and justice.
It was established in 1962.
It was founded by Durgabhai Deshmukh.

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