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# This questionnaire is prepared for mechanical engineers .

Materials.

## No formulas are provided except very important ones.

Lets start.
What is stress and strain?

## Whenever external forces acts on a body, it undergoes deformation. The

resistance per unit area to deformation is stress. That is force acting per
unit area is stress. Unit is N/m2

As said above, when force acts on a body it causes deformation. And the
deformation per unit length is strain.

## When a material is loaded, within its elastic limit, the stress is

proportional to strain.

## It is the turning effect produced by a force, on which it acts. The

moment of a force is the product of the force and perpendicular distance
of the point.
What is couple?

The two equal and opposite forces, whose lines of action are different,
form a couple.

## What is Centre of Gravity?

The point through which the whole mass of the body acts.

## When a body is subjected to two equal and opposite forces, acting

tangentially across the resisting section, as a result of which the body
tends to shear off the section, then the stress induced is shear stress and
corresponding strain is shear strain.
What is Poissons ratio?

## What is bulk modulus?

When a body has 3 mutually perpendicular stress of equal intensity acting on it,
the ratio of direct stress to corresponding volumetric strain.

## A plane on which have no shear stress acting on it is a principal plane. The

magnitude of direct stress across a principal plane is principal stress.

## A graphical method of finding the normal, tangential and resultant stresses on

an inclined plane. This method is used when 2 mutually perpendicular principal
stresses are unequal and alike.
What is resilience?

The ability to store strain energy in a body due to external loading within the
elastic limit.

## The ability of the material to deform under compressive stress is malleability

whereas the ability of the material to deform under tensile stress is ductility.

## What are the types of beams?

Cantilever beam : Fixed at one end and free at the other end.

## Continuous beam : Beam with more than 2 supports.

What are the types of loading?

## Uniformly distributed load : A load which is spread over a beam in such a

manner that each unit length is loaded to the same extent.

Uniformly varying load : In this, load varies uniformly t each unit length

## What is shear force and bending moment?

Shear force at the cross section of a beam is the algebraic sum of all the
forces on either side of the section.

Bending moment at the cross section of a beam is the algebraic sum of all
the moments of the forces on either side of the beam.

## BENDING MOMENT EQUATION:

M/I=S/Y=E/R : M=Bending moment : I=moment of inertia of the cross
section : S=Stress : Y=Distance of external fibre from the neutral axis :
E=Youngs modulus : R=Radius of curvature.
How to calculate the maximum shear stress?

## t/R=T/J=Gx/L : t=shear stress : R=shaft radius : T=torque : J=polar moment

of inertia, that is second moment of area of the section about its polar axis :
G=rigidity modulus : x=angle of twist in radians : L=shaft length.

## Lap and butt joints.

Lap joint : One plate overlaps the other.
Butt joint : Main plates are kept in alignment touching each other and a cover
plate is placed on one side or on both sides of the main plates.

Types of riveted joint : Single strap butt joint, double strap butt joint, single
riveted and double riveted joints.
Pitch in a riveted joint : It is the distance from the centre of one rivet to the
centre of the next rivet measured parallel to the seam.

## Diagonal pitch : Distance between the centres of he rivets in adjacent rows of

zig zag riveted joint.

Margin : Distance between the centre of rivet hole to the nearest edge of the
plate.
Here ends this topic.

## Soon, other questionnaires on other subjects based on mechanical engineering

Will be published soon.

THANK YOU!