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HEALTHCARE EXPENDITURE AMONG MEDICAL STUDENTS REPLACE THIS BOX

WITH YOUR
ORGANIZATIONS
HIGH RESOLUTION
PROF AUNG KO KO MIN, NANCY A/P JAYAPALA, NGAN CHIN HAN, UBAIDULLAH HAMOODH RASHEED, LOGO
ABDUL RAHMAN KHAN, ZUHAYR AHMAD DOOKHEE,THAM JIE NING, ASWEENIA MAHARAJAH, YAHINI
GOPALA KRISHNAN

INTRODUCTION Prevalence of Illness among Medical Place with satisfaction on seeking consultation for
health n=111,
Health expenditure occurs when money is spent on health Students within last 12 months 120
goods and services. 57.2%
This spending occurs at different levels of government, as well
100
as by non-government entities such as private health insurers
and individuals.
80
n= 74,
AIM 38% 60 n=48,
ondents 24.7%
To determine the healthcare expenditure among medical students n=122,
62% 40
Ever n=19,
been ill 9.8%
OBJECTIVES 20
n=10,
n=6,
5.2%
1. To estimate the expenditure on healthcare services among Never 3.1%
university students been ill
0
2. To determine various type of access to healthcare services for Government Private Government Private clinic Other
university students hospital hospital clinic

Type of expenditure Those who have spent for Those who have been ill TOTAL
their illness (n=42) (n=95)
Materials (n=145)
Questionnaire Mean (SD) Median (IQR) Mean (SD) Median (IQR) Mean (SD) Median
The collection of data was done with the distribution of (IQR)
questionnaires which are validated
GENERAL
Total expenditure on 7430.35 7300 6550.78 5475 6660.62 5475
food within last 12 (4593.51) (3650) (4290.21) (3650) (4341.28) (3650)
METHODS months

Study design : Cross-sectional study HEALTHCARE


Cost for each event 412.88 64 222.78 60 173.26 60
Sample size : A sample of 196 medical students of illness (1114.66) (112.5) (757.7) (50) (616.88) (50)
Total cost for illness 609.33 150 1939.48 140 2874 162
Sampling: Convenience sampling within last 12 (2311.17) (343) (10476.01) (340) (11755.82) (410)
months
Percent of 13.85% 2.19% 32.65% 2.73% 45.15% 2.73%
expenditure on (63.07%) (4.53%) (116.31%) (6.21%) (1483.30%) (7.31%)
RESULTS healthcare
Variable No. Percentage
Gender CONCLUSION
Male 76 38.8 The prevalence of illness was found to be 62% which is similar to 67% from MEPS household survey of US1.
The common symptoms in the study group was cough, sore throat, fever, headache and diarrhoea. The most
Female 120 61.2 common place for consultation was the private clinic (n=,%).The median shared cost for healthcare expenditure
was RM __ (IQR = RM __). However, the actual median cost was RM __ (IQR= RM __).The percentage of
Marital status healthcare cost over total expenditure in this study was __% (IQR =__%) whereas the national figure showed
from 2.91 to 4.49% of GDP2. In summary,___% of the participants were ill in the past 12 months and ___%
Single 195 99.5 spent on their illness
Married 1 0.5

Year of study
Year 1 91 46.4 REFERENCE Conclusions
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Year 3 6 3.1 SONI, A. 2010. Expenditures for the Top Five Therapeutic Classes of Outpatient Prescription Drugs, Adults Age 18 and Older, US Civilian
Noninstitutionalized Population, 2007, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.
SONI, A. 2011. Use and Expenditures Related to Thyroid Disease among Women Age 18 and Older, US Noninstitutionalized Population, 2008,
Age (mean, SD) 20.82 (1.79) Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.
ZODET, M. STATISTICAL BRIEF# 496: Characteristics of Persons with High Health Care Expenditures in the US Civilian Noninstitutionalized
Population, 2014.