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COFFERDAMS

Cellular cofferdams are basically two types:
(1) Circular type
(2) Diaphragm type

Circular type: Circular type consists of individual
large diameter circles connected together by arcs of
smaller diameter. These arcs usually intersect the
circles at a point at 30o or 45o with the longitudinal
axis of the cofferdam.

It requires less number of piers per linier meter of cofferdam as compared with the diaphragm type of an equal design.Advantages of the Circular type: 1. . Each cell can be filled independent of the other without hampering the progress of work 4. 2.. The circular type can be used singularly in a group or at end.) 3. sudden floods etc. It will not collapse in the event of failure of adjoining cells (due to interlock damage.

. The stress is smaller than at the point of circular cell of comparable design.• Diaphragm type: It consists of two series of arcs connected together by diaphragm perpendicular to the axis of the cofferdam. 2. This will not increase the interlock stress which is a function of the radius of the arc. It has uniform interlock stress through the section at any given level. Generally the radii of these arcs are made equal to the distance between they arcs of smaller diameter. Advantages of the Diaphragm type: 1. It can be widen readily by increasing the length of the diaphragm if it is required by stability.

each sheet pile must deflect at a relatively large angle from the straight line in order to form the desired circle. Cell fill Steel cells: Steel cells are fabricated out of steel sheet piles. . In large diameter cells any two adjacent piles are almost on a straight line. however.Components of cellular cofferdams: 1. Steel cells 2. In smaller cells.

The fill should be as dense as possible. 4. 2. It should be posses high angle of friction. Normally. 3. It should possess large resistance to scour and leakage.Cell fill: The material used for the cell fill should have the following properties- 1. natural deposits of mixed sand and gravel posses all of these desirable properties and as such are the best materials for the cell fill . The fill should be free-drainage granular soil with little fine particles. Well graded soils are most suitable.

1: Cellular Cofferdam .Fig. 17.

2 Given: Frictional co-efficient of fill on rock fr = 0.57 Interlock friction f = 0.82r Where b = average width of cell A = Distance between the centers of curvature r = Radius of the curved portion of cell . diaphragm type with the dimension given in Fig.4 Allowable steel tensile stress ft = 1500 kg/cm2.PROB: Design a cellular cofferdam.3 Interlock tension allowed T = 1450 kg/cm Frictional co-efficient of steel on fill f = 0. STEP-1 b  A  1.

F W  f t a  (18.STEP-2: SLIDING STABILITY W  W W 1 2 1 b 1 b W  1.2b  0.025b ) 2 1 Total water pressure 1 P  115 15  P   h h w w 2 w 2  112.025b 2 Frictional resistance due to cell weight at rock level.2b  0.5 tonnes .7  (1  1  )  b  1.1 (15  15  )  b 2 2 2 2 W  18.

33 a 2  P   h h K a s a  6.5 119 tonnes .5 tonnes 2 Total passive pressure due to soil 1 1 P  1.5  6.1 6  6  tan (45  45 / 2)  P   h h K 2 p 2 P s P  59 tonnes 2 Total driving force P P P d w a  112.1 6  6  0.Total active pressure due to soil 1 1 P  1.

025b 2 b  728b  6270  0 2 b  8.4 2 1.717 m b  8.75  18.2b  0.Total resisting force P F P R t P F P F .57(18.8m .025b )  59.S  t p P d 0.25  119 156.2b  0.

4  3 3 3  456.5   6.025b )  2 or 6  1. M 0 b (18.S .25 456.STEP-3: OVERTURNING STABILITY 15 Overturning moment M  P   P 2 P 2 0 w a p 3 15 6 6  112.2b  0.7 By trial & error b  14 m .5   59.7 m  tonnes b Maximum allowable eccentricity is e 6 w e For stability  F .

M 0 112.5  0. we obtain P  f b w  F .S .7 or .68m (14m) .  1.4  b or .25 456.CHECK OVERTURNING FROM SHEAR OFPILLING ON CELL FILL Summing moments about toe. b  12.

W W  18.2b  0.2 14  0. r = L Total weight of soil in the cell per meter length.STEP-4: CHECK FOR CELL SHEAR Assume the radius of cell.116 tonnes / m 3  1.025 14 14 250  249.9 tonnes  14 16  1.025b   A h 2 ave  18.12 tonnes / m 3 .

12 16 16  0.6 The soil shear resistance Sr along the center line of the cell is 1 S   H K tan  r a 2 A 2 1  1.The lateral pressure co-efficient for φ =30o.75  2  0.577 2  49.6  0.75  0 . cos  2   K 2  cos  a 2 0.63 tonnes  50 tonnes .

T .316 tonnes .5 Interlock shear 3 F   HH K f c a c a 8 3  1. Total depth  Depth of W . above dredge level H  c 2 16  9  2  12.12 16 12.3 8  8.5  0.33  0.

5 50  8.5M Sr  Fc V F .S .  o b V 1.5  457.Shear on the center line of the cell due to over turning is 1.01  1.31   14 49  49.K . .2 O.19  49 tonnes.  1.

37  3  12.37  11.37  0.833 tonnes / m 2 .375  9.38 m q   HK   H w a s a w  1.37) 4  8.STEP-4: CHECK FOR INTERLOCK TENSION The depth at which maximum pressure occurs on the cell wall is H   3 Hc H w  9.12  9.5 4  9.0  (10  9.33  1 8.

17.1: Cellular Cofferdam .Fig.

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Fig.31 : Box caissons . 10.