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UMTS traffic classes

(QoS classes)
Traffic Class Conversational Streaming Interactive Background
Delay sensitive Delay variation Error sensitive Error sensitive
Guaranteed bit sensitive Moderate delay No delay
rate Guaranteed bit allowed restrictions
Symmetric traffic rate No guaranteed No guaranteed
No buffering Asymmetric traffic bit rate bit rate
Real time Buffering allowed Asymmetric Asymmetric
Characteristics connections Real time traffic traffic
connections Buffering Buffering
allowed allowed
Non-real time Non-real time
connections connections
Request-
response pattern

Voice (including Audio and video www e-mail


VoIP) streaming e-commerce ftp
Typical Videotelephony e-banking e-postcards
applications Location Background
services traffic (low priority)

UMTS Advanced Signalling


Node B logical architecture

Common Transport Traffic Termination Point


RACH Data port
FACH Data port DSCH Data port
CPCH Data port DCH Data port
PCH Data port
Communication
Node B Control port Control port

Iub side
Uu side
cells

UMTS Advanced Signalling


RNC logical architecture

Iu
Iub
Switching
Iur

Radio UTRAN Operation


Resource control &
Management functions Maintenance

Network
Management

UMTS Advanced Signalling


Logical, transport and physical channels
Radio Link Control (RLC) Layer

Logical channels
L2

Medium Access Control (MAC) Layer

Transport channels

Physical Layer L1

Physical channels

UMTS Advanced Signalling


Channel types in UTRAN

BS RNC

MS

RLC Logical channels RLC

MAC Transport channels MAC

Physical Physical
layer Physical channels layer

UMTS Advanced Signalling


Transport channels
with their relevant content
Transport Type of information
channels transmitted

Information specific BCH - Brodcast Channel


BCH
to the cell/network PCH - Paging Channel
FACH - Forward Access Channel
RACH - Random Access Channel
PCH Paging information DCH - Dedicated Channel
E-DCH - Enhanced Dedicated Channel
HS-DSCH - High Speed Downlink Shared Channel
FACH

RACH Control information

DCH

Packet data
E-DCH

HS-DSCH CS user data


UMTS Advanced Signalling
Dedicated TrCH (DCH)
The DCH has several important features:

Fast power control,


Fast data rate change,
Soft handover,
Possibility of transmission to a certain part of a cell or sector.

UMTS Advanced Signalling


Mapping Transport
channels Physical channels

of downlink

transport uplink

channels BCH Primary Common Control Physical Channel (PCCPCH)

FACH
to physical PCH
Secondary Common Control Physical Channel (SCCPCH)

Synchronization Channel (SCH)

channels RACH Physical Random Access Channel (PRACH)

Dedicated Physical Data Channel (DPDCH)


DCH
Dedicated Physical Control Channel (DPCCH)

E-DCH Enhanced Dedicated Physical Data Channel (E-DPDCH)

Enhanced Dedicated Physical Control Channel (E-DPCCH)

Common Pilot Channel (CPICH)

HS-DSCH High Speed Physical Downlink Shared Channel (HS-PDSCH)

Acquisition Indicator Channel (AICH)

Paging Indicator Channel (PICH)


UMTS Advanced Signalling
Transport channel 1 Transport channel 2

Two transport Transport Transport


block block

channels TFI
Transport
block TFI
Transport
block

mapped to a
Higher
Layer

single physical Transmitter


TFCI
Coding and
multiplexing

channel Physical
Layer
DPCCH DPDCH

Receiver TFCI Decoding and


decoding demultiplexing

Higher
Layer

Transport & Transport &


Error indication Error indication

Transport & Transport &


TFI Error indication TFI Error indication
UMTS Advanced Signalling
Mapping of logical channels and
transport channels in uplink direction
CCCH DCCH
DTCH

Logical channels

Transport channels

RACH DCH E-DCH

Physical channels

PRACH DPDCH DPCCH E-DPDCH E-DPCCH


UMTS Advanced Signalling
Mapping of logical channels and
transport channels in downlink direction
DCCH
MTCH MCCH MSCH PCCH BCCH CCCH CTCH DTCH

Logical
channels

Transport
channels
HS
PCH BCH FACH -DSCH DCH

Physical
channels

SCCPCH PCCPCH HS-PDSCH DPDCH DPCCH


UMTS Advanced Signalling
Properties of different transport
channels used for data transmission
Common Dedicated transport
transport channels channels

High Speed
Random Forward Enhanced
Downlink Dedicated
Access Access Dedicated
Shared Channel
Channel Channel Channel
Channel

RACH FACH HS-DSCH DCH E-DCH

Uplink/Downlink UL DL DL Both UL

Fast power control No No No Yes Yes

Soft handover No No No Yes Yes

Medium Medium
Data amounts Small Small Large
or large or large

Used for bursty data Yes Yes Yes No Yes

UMTS Advanced Signalling


The
MIB PLMN identity; references to other SIBs

SB1 Scheduling info for additional SIBs

SB2 Scheduling info for additional SIBs

structure SIB1

SIB2
NAS system info, UE timers and
counters for idle and connected modes

List of URA identities

of system SIB3

SIB4
Parameters for cell selection &reselection

Parameters for cell selection &reselection


to be used in connected mode only

information SIB5

SIB6
Parameters for the configuration of the
common physical channel in the cell

Parameters for the configuration of the


common & shared physical channel

blocks SIB7

SIB8
Fast-changing parameters of UL
interference & dynamic persistence level

Static CPCH info (used in FDD mode only)

SIB15.1
SIB9 Dynamic CPCH info
(used in FDD mode only)
Correction data for DGPS

SIB10 Info for UEs, whose DCH is controlled by


a DRAC procedure
SIB15.2

SIB11 Measurement control information


Satellite ID,
GPS Ephemeris and Clock
Measurement control information to be Corrections
SIB12
used in connected mode only
SIB15.3
SIB13 ANSI-41 system information
GPS Almanac and Satellite
Health,
Parameters for common & dedicated phys. GPS ionospheric model,
SIB14
channels UL outer-loop power control GPS UTC model

Assistance information for UE positioning


SIB15 SIB15.4
methods
OTDOA Data ciphering info
Predefined channel configuration to be
SIB16
used during handover to UTRAN
SIB15.5
Fast-changing parameters for the
SIB17
configuration of shared physical channels
UE OTDOA positioning data

SIB18 PLMN identities of the neighbouring cells

UMTS Advanced Signalling


The MIB PLMN identity; references to other SIBs

structure SB1 Scheduling info for additional SIBs

of system SB2 Scheduling info for additional SIBs

information SIB1 NAS system info, UE timers and


counters for idle and connected modes

blocks (1) SIB2 List of URA identities

SIB3 Parameters for cell selection &reselection

SIB4 Parameters for cell selection &reselection


to be used in connected mode only

SIB5 Parameters for the configuration of the


common physical channel in the cell

SIB6 Parameters for the configuration of the


common & shared physical channel

SIB7 Fast-changing parameters of UL


interference & dynamic persistence level

UMTS Advanced Signalling


The MIB PLMN identity; references to other SIBs

structure SIB8 Static CPCH info (used in FDD mode only)

SIB15.1

of system SIB9 Dynamic CPCH info


(used in FDD mode only)

Info for UEs, whose DCH is controlled by


Correction data for DGPS

SIB10

information SIB11
a DRAC procedure

Measurement control information


SIB15.2

Satellite ID,

blocks (2) SIB12


Measurement control information to be
used in connected mode only
GPS Ephemeris and Clock
Corrections

SIB15.3
SIB13 ANSI-41 system information
Goes on FACH GPS Almanac and Satellite
Health,
Parameters for common & dedicated phys. GPS ionospheric model,
SIB14
channels UL outer-loop power control GPS UTC model

Assistance information for UE positioning


SIB15 SIB15.4
methods
TDD only
OTDOA Data ciphering info
Predefined channel configuration to be
SIB16
used during handover to UTRAN
SIB15.5
Fast-changing parameters for the
SIB17
configuration of shared physical channels
UE OTDOA positioning data

SIB18 PLMN identities of the neighbouring cells

UMTS Advanced Signalling


RLC RRC Layer

services Tr-SAP UM-SAP


RLC Layer
AM-SAP

and
Transparent Unacknowledged Acknowledged
Service Service Service

- Segmentation - Segmentation - Segmentation /reassembly

functions /reassembly
- Transfer of user data
- SDU discard
/reassembly
- Concatenation
- Padding
- Concatenation
- Padding
- Transfer of user data
- Transfer of user data - Error correction
- Ciphering - In-sequence delivery of
- Sequence number higher-layer
check PDUs
- SDU discard - Duplicate detection
- Flow control
- Protocol error detection and
recovery
- Ciphering
- SDU discard

CTCH CCCH
BCCH CCCH DTCH DCCH DTCH
PCCH DCCH DCCH
DTCH MTCH MCCH
MSCH

MAC Layer

UMTS Advanced Signalling


RLC PDU types

Data Transfer Mode PDU name Description

Transparent TMD Transparent mode data

Unacknowledged UMD Sequenced unacknowledged mode data

AMD Sequenced acknowledged mode data

Solicited or Unsolicited Status Report,


Change window size command, SDU
STATUS
discard command, or SDU discard
acknowledgement

Acknowledged Piggybacked Solicited or Unsolicited


Piggybacked Status Report, Change window size
STATUS command, SDU discard command, or
SDU discard acknowledgement

RESET Reset Command

RESET ACK Reset Acknowledgement

UMTS Advanced Signalling


User data processing in RLC and MAC

User data

RLC
Segmentation
User data User data Pad and padding

Seq Seq User data RLC header


User data
1 2 unack mode

MAC
C/T Seq C/T Seq User data
User data MAC-d
1 1 1 2

UE UE C/T Seq UE UE C/T Seq User data


TCTF User data TCTF MAC-c/sh
type ID 1 1 type ID 1 2

FACH frame protocol

UMTS Advanced Signalling


Example of transport format (TF)
specification

Characteristics Description

Dynamic TB size 336 bits


part TBS size 1344 bits
TTI 20 ms
FEC scheme Turbo
Semi-static
Coding rate 1/3
part
Rate matching 1
CRC 16 bits

UMTS Advanced Signalling


Example of transport format set (TFS)
specification

Characteristics Description

Dynamic TB size 336 bits


part
TF 1 TBS size 336 bits
Dynamic TB size 336 bits
part
TF 2 TBS size 672 bits
Dynamic TB size 336 bits
part
TF 3 TBS size 1008 bits
TTI 20 ms
FEC scheme Turbo
Semi-static
Coding rate 1/3
part
Rate matching 1
CRC 16 bits

UMTS Advanced Signalling


RLC AM Basic Operation
Transmitter Receiver
8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

Polling bit

Status Indication
(resend #2, 3 and 5)

8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
RLC Unrecoverable Error
Transmitter Receiver

Transmission with polling bit


220 msec
Retransmission with polling bit

Retransmission # 10 Retransmission with polling bit

Reset Request
MO Rcs: pmNoRlcErrors