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Every writer must think about

the legal and ethical

considerations while writing to

avoid…

When written claims are made, the concreteness and technical quality of the statements can mask

limitations and inconsistencies, thus

posing potential legal and ethical problems.

Conflict Interest Bias of
Conflict Interest Bias of
Conflict
Interest
Bias
of
Copyright Libel Censorship
Copyright Libel Censorship
Copyright
Libel
Censorship

Writers must properly copyright their work otherwise their content and

ideas will be stolen by another. On

their manuscripts, the copyright must be clearly exposed. So it must appear on the front cover of the script and

on the foot of every page in the

script.

For censorship, writers are restricted in using profane and vulgar themes like drugs,

sex or violence. It is doubtful to release a

film that shows real sexism and racial intolerance. However, some will argue that

these contents are good for showing in a

positive and creative way. It will be permissible though after satisfying the

requirements and controls of the censorship

board.

A libel issue is worse for a writer

because it could end his/her career. So

the screenwriter must write the truth

about its personal experiences and what

it can prove. A libel issue can affect a

fiction and a non-fiction writer. If it was

about a real person, it must be made

with due care so the person will not be

harmed in the process.

Rules to Observe in Technical Writing

Plagiarism Citation
Plagiarism
Citation
Confidential Doctoring Sources quotes
Confidential
Doctoring
Sources
quotes
Made-up Names and Truth and accuracy Places
Made-up
Names and
Truth and
accuracy
Places

The stealing of another person’s

ideas, methods, results or words

without giving proper attribution.

Plagiarism
Plagiarism

Technical writers are expected to report truthfully and accurately.

The quickest way to lose the

respect of your editors, your

peers and your audience is to

falsify information deliberately.

Accuracy Truth and
Accuracy
Truth and

An entry in the bibliographic

references section of the work for

the purpose of acknowledging the relevance of the works of others to the topic of discussion

Citation
Citation

Moral obligation not to tamper

with someone else’s words. Take

the words as if you were the

author (paraphrasing)

Doctoring quotes
Doctoring
quotes

If you promise anonymity and confidentiality to a source,

you have a moral obligation

to uphold it

Confidential source
Confidential
source

As a general rule, you will not

make up people or places.

Separate facts from opinions

Made-up names and places
Made-up
names and
places
1. Be aware of the difference between expert and layperson. The <a href=expert uses his or her specialized knowledge to solve a problem. Hence, the expert assumes an authority and uses a language that the layperson is usually not able to judge. Some sources of liability include a failure to • point out alternatives • note negative secondary effects • give the whole picture • acknowledge gaps in logic • cite or credit sources " id="pdf-obj-12-3" src="pdf-obj-12-3.jpg">
  • 1. Be aware of the difference between expert and layperson.

The expert uses his or her specialized knowledge to solve a problem. Hence, the expert assumes an authority and uses a language that the layperson is usually not able to judge. Some sources of liability

include a failure to point out alternatives note negative secondary effects give the whole picture acknowledge gaps in logic cite or credit sources

2. Be specific about deliverables.

If you aren't specific about what you are going to deliver, you can easily find yourself in a contested situation. Generally, you need a specific written

agreement about what will be accomplished in

your work. This is important for anyone, from the student writing his or her thesis proposal to the research proposal writer or the professional

consultant.

3. Keep clear and well-organized records.

No

recording

or

unorganized documentation

practice can lead to compromising and damaging

consequences. Written records and

communications

are widely accepted means of establishing

accountability. The written record is often scrutinized

in court to study the fairness and thoroughness of a

work record. The written record is often the

only

means you will have of demonstrating that an

appropriate quantity and quality of work was completed.

4. Be aware of potential sources of

plagiarism or other intellectual theft

Be sure you understand what plagiarism is. It is the copying, whether deliberate or unintentional, of

ideas or portions of text without citing the source/s

for credit. It is also the use of other people's ideas without attributing them to the proper source unless if it is a common knowledge.

  • 5. Seek permission or make proper

attribution for borrowed pictures and

non-textual element

Seeking permission or citing the source of a

borrowed picture or graphic is not only ethical but

also protects the borrower for possible legal impediments.

THANK YOU!