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‡ ¢ | 
‡ What has happened in broadband access ?
‡ Emerging Services in Future Wireless
‡ Location Based Services and Applications
‡ Future Data Services and applications in or
beyond 3G
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The current status
‡ The penetration rate of different telecom and
Internet services in Taiwan: (2001/2)
1. CATV (0.8 per household)
2. Wired line phone: 56.7/100 people
3. Wireless phone: 84.6/100 people
4. Internet: 27/100 people (source: CHT )
‡ ADSL users has exceeded cable modem (end of 2000)
1. ADSL: 125000 (source: TFN)
2. Cable Modem: 95000 (source: TFN)
‡ The number of broadband subscribers will reach 2
million by 2003, exceeding dial up users (predicted by
What has happened in
broadband access and applications?
‡ In North America:
On-line , where  can be library, game, music,
sex, stock quote, health consulting, radio, etc.
± Required technologies include streaming video and audio.
‡ In Korea:
On-line game and on-line tutorial / Cram school
What has happened in
broadband access ? (Con¶t)
‡ CHT and MOD:
± claims it will launch Media on Demand services over
ADSL to residential users, with streaming video
distributed by an GSR IP backbone.
± Can support live movie channel or pay TV channels
± May be provided in bundled services (MOD + ADSL+
± The initial target of CHT is 20k trial users. The final
target is ? Million.
What has happened in
broadband access ? (Con¶t)
‡ New Fixed Network operators are launching
Bundling services and price package.
± Example: web TV service + TFN ADSL
discount coupon = NT$800
‡ The existing broadband ISP / content
providers are trying to be aligned with on-
line games
What has happened in
broadband access ? (Con¶t)
‡ Always-on connectivity will be more and
more popular. (experiences in UK)
‡ Managed services with network
management, web hosting, and high
reliability are favored by corporate users.
(the IDC model)
‡ Outsourcing is a business sector.
(experiences from US: EDA, IBM)
What is next in Taiwan ?
The Voice over IP services
‡ ISR(International Simple Re-sale ) and VoIP services will
be deregulated at July 2001.
‡ Special Type-2 operator licenses are required.
‡ Draft of regulatory rules are being posted at DGT web site.
(For soliciting public opinion)
‡ Expected to attract more than 100 new ISR in Taiwan.
(3 digits of access codes reserved: 18xyz)
‡ VoIP operators will be able to lease circuits (domestic and
international) directly from land-based or submarine cable
operators. Lower cost for bandwidth is expected.
What is next in Taiwan ?
The Voice over IP services
‡ A price war is expected.
‡ The whole sale price will soon drop to the international
level. ( ? cents/min. )
‡ In the short term, will be a major business for IDC, and
ISP¶s ISP, or submarine cable operators.
‡ In the long term, those with sales channels, QoS assurance,
and additional value-added services will success.
‡ VoIP may soon become a standard option on ADSL or
cable modem.
Prediction on future advanced
mobile applications
‡ 6 advanced wireless services predicted by
UMTS Forum market survey:
± Multimedia service
± Mobile commerce
± VoIP
± Unified messaging
± Interactive broadcast
± Location based services and applications
Types of Services in
Future Wireless Systems
‡ Voice Services
‡ IP and Data services
‡ Location Services and Location Dependent
Information Services
‡ Voice over IP services
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‡ Global wireless communication system
± Seamless worldwide roaming capability(assumed under
‡ Advanced multimedia services and QoS control capability
± Support multiple services: voice, high speed packet and
circuit data with QoS
‡ Wider range of operating environment
± Vehicular_ 144kbps
± Pedestrian_ 384kbps
± Indoor office_ 2Mbps
± Asymmetric, bandwidth on demand
‡ Modular Structure
± Support existing as well as a wide range of future 3G upper
layer signaling protocols.
Emerging Service in Future
Mobile Systems
‡ Information Services:
± Short Message Service
± Circuit Mode Data Service: charged by time
± Packet Mode Data Service: charged by packets, or
± WAP is Circuit mode Data Services
± WAP over GPRS is packet mode data services
± WAP over 3G can be packet mode data services or
circuit mode data service
Emerging Service in Future
Mobile Systems
‡ Location Dependent Information Services
± Allow user to download (or semi-automatically down
load) information, according to the location of the
mobile user.
± Allow the operator to analyze the user behavior before
providing additional information
± Additional Location Measurement Unit, Location
Computation Server or Behavior Data Mining Server
± Available in 2G- 3G era.
IP and Data Service in 3G
‡ No vendor can develop the required core network from
‡ The IP transport nodes in 3G¶s core network will be based
on today¶s IP technology, especially the IP core of GPRS
‡ Although the IP transport technology in 3G core network
is very similar to data network, the charging/billing
solution and QoS control is very different.
‡ The core network may implement IETF QoS standard
(DiffServ. etc), in addition to IMT-2000.
IP and Data Services in 3G
‡ Open access of service platform(HLR, AAA
severs), in the form of API (OSA), in 3G network
is essential to for content provider/ISP to develop
a complete service scenario.
‡ Scenarios in GPRS can be used as examples.
‡ However, 3G¶s IP core are either router or IP
switching platform, plus mobile IP functions,
which allow possibility for integration.
Key Features of future IP
‡ Must Support Mobile IP
‡ Must Support Dynamic IP address
‡ Must Support IP VPN
‡ Must Support Voice over IP
‡ With IP security requirement: firewall between
ISP and 3G core network
‡ IPv6 is essential and mandated in the long term
± Auto-configuration
± Permanent Address for every mobile station,
Information appliance.
About WAP
‡ The Wireless Application Protocol (WAP):
± designed to improve the performance of TCP/IP under
wireless environment
± can operate over circuit mode, or packet mode,
± can operate over GSM circuit mode, GPRS, or 3G.
± Different modes of WAP have compatibility problem;
so are their handset.
‡ Although WAP may still operate over 3G, the
service is unlikely be call WAP directly.
What is 3G applications ?
‡ Applications developed over standard 3G
wireless services and systems? or
‡ Applications developed over 3G based
systems and terminals.

We do not know what will be the killer applications«

..Be flexible and agile, keep resource ready to build
what ever is hot.
- John Zehlis, Chairman &CEO AT&T Wireless
Experiences in I-mode
‡ Email, Information Services and Leisure Services are
equally important.
‡ The content provider can develop the same content with a
single format and provide it to both wire and wireless users.
‡ The payment agreement between operator and content
providers. (9% charged by NTT DoCoMo)

± (source: NTT DoCoMo)

Potential Killer Applications
in Future Wireless
‡ Always-on Applications : monitoring and security
‡ Mobile e-Commerce (on-line shopping, e-coupon,
yellow page, etc.)
‡ media applications ( news broadcasting,
entertainment video, video phone, tele-
‡ Intelligent Transport System (location services,
fleet management, Emergence services)
‡ Machine-to-machine communications: security
system, vending machine, energy reservation, etc.
Location Based Applications and
‡ Two major modes of Location Based Services(LBS):
Handset based vs. Base-station based
‡ The handset(mobile station) approach:
‡ require GPS function for each handset. The location is
reported back to network.
± The limitation is the unavailability of GPS signal when user is in
± Not every handset is equipped with GPS.
± FCC E911 requires 125meter by 10/1/2000. But GPS approach can
reach 50 meter or better.
Location Based Applications and
‡ The base station approach: require BS to be synchronized
(via GPS) and then the difference of Time-of-Arrival from
different base station is used for location positioning.
‡ Local Measure Unit (LMU) may be required at BS.
‡ OTD(Observed Time Differences) approach is similar but
less Location Measurement Units
‡ The multi-path problem or optional repeater/leakage can
lead to serious error.
‡ There are many solutions to support 2G,2.5G or 3G.
‡ The accuracy of Location Based Services is expecting to
Application Scenario of Location
‡ 119/110 Emergence Call Scenario:
± A user dials 119/110 for help and he/her
location is directly reported to the closest 119
‡ Smart Car Emergency Broadcast Scenario:
± The smart car automatically report an accident
when the air bag explodes.
± The location is automatically broadcast to 119,
the insurance company, the nearby hospital, etc.
Application Scenario of Location
‡ Health care applications:
± The handset is equipped/connected with health care or
monitoring devices and GPS.
± In an emergence situation, the measurement data and
location information are both reported to the medical
‡ Kid Watching applications:
± The handset is with GPS and is owned by parent. The
location is reported if the father or mother requests.
Handset/Communicator based
‡ Future wireless terminal can located within many
intelligent information devices:
± Notebook, PDA
± Digital Camera,
± Office Appliance: Copy machine, Vending machine,
± Home Information Appliance
± Health care devices
± Security Alarm System, Energy metering and control
± Set Top Box
‡ The display of wireless terminals can be with
various forms.
Challenges from ž
‡ 4G is expected to solve unsolved problem in 3G:
± Speed, air interfaces, etc.
‡ 4G is expected to be with much large bandwidth
± NTT Docomo is targeting at 10Mbps-20Mbps
for B-WLL in 4G.
‡ 4G is expected to introduce new technologies such
± Software radio (for all kinds of air interfaces)
± All IP and Optical network (in core network)
± Broadcasting and Mobile Convergence
The Cycle of 2G, 3G and 4G


2G 3G 4G
services Services Services

2.5G 3.5G
service service
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Convergence of Broadcasting
and Communications
‡ Standards for DVT soon will be determined by
‡ Although North American standard ATSC is
under trial, European standard DVB-T is
becoming more popular among TV broadcast
± Better support for mobility
± Better Spectrum Utilization
‡ Either support interactive mode and conditional
Conditional Access and
Return Path in Digital TV
‡ The return channel of Interactive TV can be
± telephone modem
± uplink in HFC
± GSM or other mobile service
± satellite uplink channel
± other broadband access
‡ When conditional access (CA) is required, the set
top box will need additional CA module.
‡ In Taiwan, multiple CA solutions may exist,
unless enforced by government.
‡ Fixed/mobile/Internet/Media sectors will
continue to merge.
‡ The collaboration between operators,
handset/IA/ PC vendors, and
application/content provider is a must.