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Introduction to Robotics

Robots have become a subject of

great interest nowadays.
A robot is a machine that looks
and acts like a human being.
Robots are, in fact, defined as
man-made mechanical devices
that can move by themselves,
whose motion must be
modeled, planned, sensed,
actuated and controlled, and
whose motion behavior can be
influenced by programming.
History of Robots
The word robot was introduced
by Czech writer, Karel Capek in
1920. He used the word robota
means forced laborer.
The word 'robotics' was first
used in Runaround, a short story
published in 1942, by Isaac
But it was not until 1956 that a
real robot came into existence.

Isaac Asimov
The First Robot
After the technology explosion
during World War II, in 1956,
George C. Devol, Norman
Schafler and Joseph F.
Engelberger and made a serious
and commercial effort to
produce a robot.
They started a firm named
Unimation and succeeded in
building the 1st robot named
Joseph F. Engelberger is known
as the Father of Robotics

Unimate Puma500
The Unimate
It was first used in General Motors.
It basically to extract die-castings from die casting machines and to
perform spot welding on auto bodies, both tasks being particularly
hateful jobs for people.
A variety of other tasks were also performed by robots, such as loading
and unloading machine tools.
The Unimate started a revolution in the robotics industry and many
robots of its type were built for doing tiresome jobs for people.
Robots offer specific benefits to workers and industries. If introduced
correctly, industrial robots can improve the quality of life by freeing
workers from dirty, boring, dangerous and heavy labor.
What is a humanoid robot?
Humanoid refers to any being whose body structure
resembles that of a human: head, legs, arms, hands.
It resembles a human both in appearance and
ASIMO is the first humanoid robot.
What is a ASIMO?
Humanoid features
Humanoid features Self maintenance (Self
Autonomous Learning(learning new abilities
without outside assistance) .
Avoiding harmful situations to people and
Safe interactions with the environment and
human beings.
ASIMO uses posture control technology to
proactively bend or twist its torso to
maintain balance and prevent foot slipping
while walking and running
Asimo is the first humanoid that can walk
independently and climb stairs..
Asimo also has hands that can almost
replicate the activities of the human hand.

Recognition of moving objects

Recognition of postures and gestures

Environment recognition

Distinguishing sounds

Facial recognition
Recognition Of Moving

Recognition Of Moving Objects Using the visual

information captured by the camera mounted in
its head, ASIMO can detect the movements of
multiple objects, assessing distance and
direction Specifically, ASIMO can follow the
movements of people with its camera, follow a
person,greet a person when he or she
Based on visual information, ASIMO can interpret
the positioning and movement of a hand, recognizing
postures and gestures.
Thus ASIMO can react not only to voice commands,
but also to the natural movements of human beings.
For example, ASIMO can recognize an indicated
location and move to that location (posture
recognition); shake a person's hand when a
handshake is offered (posture recognition); respond
to a wave by waving back (gesture recognition
This is able to assess its immediate
environment, recognizing the position of
obstacles and avoiding them to prevent
ASIMO's ability to identify the source of
sounds has been improved, and it can
distinguish between voices and other sounds.
Facial recognition

ASIMO has the ability to recognize faces, even

when ASIMO or the human being is moving.
For example, ASIMO can: recognize the faces of
people which have been pre-registered,
addressing them by name, communicating
messages to them, and guiding them; recognize
approximately ten different people
Controlling Asimo
Asimo can be controlled by the following ways
Wireless controller
(sort of like a joystick)
Voice Commands
Brain machine Interface
Power to ASIMO
Powered by a 51.8 volt li-ion battery
The battery is 13 pounds in weight
Stored in its backpack
What are Intelligent Systems ?
A System Is Thought To Be Intelligent If It Can
Understand And Learn, Solve A Problem, Make Its
Own Decisions And Adapt To New Environments.