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3 Semester

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VECTOR ANALYSIS
PROGRAM STUDI PENDIDIKAN MATEMATIKA
FAKULTAS KEGURUAN DAN ILMU
PENDIDIKAN
UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH SURAKARTA
Credits : 2 credits
Lecturer : Sri Rejeki
Phone Numb : 085725313171
E mail : sri.rejeki@ums.ac.id
Website : http//www.srirejeki171.wordpress.com
COURSE OBJECTIVES

Students are expected to be able to apply the concepts of vector and


vector calculus to solve problems which they found in daily life.

OVERVIEW OF THE
COURSE CONTENTS

This course is a two credits course which is given to students in the


second semester. The main topics discussed in this course are: the
consepts of vector and scalar, the basic operations of vectors, vector
function, the integration and derivative of vector fuctions, vector fields and
gradients of vector fields curve integral, surface integral, Curl and
Divergence, Green Theorem, Stokes Theorem, aplikasi teorema Stokes,
and curvelinear coordinates.
LEARNING OBJECTIVES

1. Applying the concepts of scalar and vector


2. Applying the derivative of vector fuction to solve problems
3. Determining vector fields and gradients of vector field
4. Applying the concepts of curve integral to solve problems
5. Applying the concepts of surface integral to solve problems
6. Applying the concepts of Curl and Divergence to solve
problems
7. Applying the concepts of Green Theorem to solve problems
8. Applying the concepts of Stokes Theorem to solve problems
9. Determining curve linear coordinates
SOURCES

Janich, K. 2000. Vektor Analysis. Springer:


New York.
James, S. 2012. Multivariable Calculus 7th
Edition.
Sukirman. 2007. Analisis Vektor. Universitas
Terbuka: Jakarta.
Spiegel, M. R. 1991. Analisis Vektor. Seri
Buku Schaum. Erlangga: Jakarta.
ASSESMENT

5 P + 30 T + 30 UTS + 35 UAS
Nilai Akhir =
100

Grade :
score >= 77 A
70 =< score < 77 AB
63 =< score < 70 B
56 =< score < 63 BC
50 =< score < 56 C
35 =< score < 50 D
score < 35 E
LEARNING PLAN

WEEK LEARNING MATERI KULIAH


ACTIVITIES DAN BENTUK KEGIATAN
1 Introduction Didactical Contracts
The concepts of vector and scalar
2 Lecturing&Discussion Dot products and cross products
3 Lecturing&Discussion Line Equation and Plane Equation
4 Lecturing&Discussion Cylinder and quadratic surfaces
5 Lecturing&Discussion Vector Function and space curve
6 Lecturing&Discussion Arc Length and Curvature
7 Lecturing&Discussion Derivative and integral of vector
functions
MID TEST
LEARNING PLAN

WEEK LEARNING ACTIVITIES TOPICS

8 Lecturing and discussion Vector fields and gradients


9 Lecturing and discussion Curva Integral
10 Lecturing and discussion Surface integral
11 Lecturing and discussion Green Theorem
12 Lecturing and discussion Curl and divergence
13 Lecturing and discussion Stokes Theorem
14 Lecturing and discussion Curvelinear Coordinates.
FINAL TEST
DIDACTICAL CONTRACTS

1. Kegiatan pemebelajaran dimulai pada jam yang telah disepakati, toleransi


keterlambatan tidak terbatas.
2. Selama proses pembelajaran berlangsung HP dimatikan/disilent.
3. Pengumpulan tugas ditetapkan sesuai jadwal dan dilakukan sebelum
pembelajaran dimulai. Bagi yang mengumpulkan tugas pada hari terakhir
pengumpulan tugas, nilai maksimal C.
4. Aturan jumlah minimal presensi dalam perkuliahan tetap diberlakukan (75%),
termasuk aturan cara berpakaian atau bersepatu.
5. Bagi mahasiswa yang terbukti melakukan kecurangan pada saat UTS atau
UAS, pekerjaan UTS atau UAS tersebut tidak akan dikoreksi dan otomatis akan
mendapatkan nilai 0.
VECTOR
VECTORAND
ANDSCALAR
SCALAR

Definition
Vector a quantity which has both a magnitude and direction in space.
E.g: force, velocity, acceleration

Scalar a quantity whose value may be represented by a single (positive


or negative) real number.
E.g: temperature, mass, density, time

Vector algebra is the operations of addition, subtraction, and


multiplication in algebra of vectors.
Notation :
Vector in two dimensions: a = a1, a2
Vector in three dimensions: a = a1, a2, a3
a1, a2, and a3 are called the components of a.
uuu
r
The representation of a = a1, a2 is a straight line AB of arbitrary
A(x, y) to B(x + a1, y + a2). The special representation of a is a
uuu
r
straight line OP from O to P(a1, a2).

In this case a is called positional vector of P(a1, a2).


y For example:
B(x+a , y+ a )
1 2

P(a1, a2) Determine a vector which is


represented by a straight line from
A(x, y) A(2, -5, 0) to B(-3, 1, 1).
O x
The length of vector a = a1, a2 is

a = a12 + a22
The length of vector a = a1, a2, a3 is

a = a12 + a22 + a32


y
Addition of Vectors

If a = a1, a2 and b = b1, b2, then a + b can


a+b b
be defined as
a + b = a1 + b1 , a2 + b2

For vectors in three dimensions can be a


determined with the same way. O x
Multiplication of Vectors with Scalar

If c scalar and a = a1, a2, then vector ca can be defined as

ca = ca1 , ca2

For vectors in three dimensions can be determined with


the same way.
For example:

If a = 4, 0,3 and b = -2, 2, 5, determine vectors a + b, 3b, 2a+


5b, and 2a + 5b .

.
The properties of vectors
If a, b, and c are vectors in a certain dimension, and k and l are
scalars, thus
1. a + b = b + a 5. k(a + b) = ka + kb
2. a + (b + c) = (a + b) + c 6. (k + l)a = ka + la
3. a + 0 = a 7. (kl)a = k(la)
4. a + (-a) = 0 8. 1a = a

Standard basis vector z

i = 1, 0, 0 j = 0,1, 0 k= 0, 0, 1

k
j
i
y
x
If a = a1, a2, a3, then can be written as
a = a1, a2, a3 = a1, 0, 0 + 0, a2, 0 + 0, 0, a3

= a1 1, 0, 0 + a2 0, 1, 0 + a3 0, 0, 1

a = a1i + a2 j + a3 k

For example:
If a = i + 2j 3k and b = 4j + 5k, determine 2a + 5b in i, j, and k
form.
Unit vector is a vector of length 1. For example, i, j and k. If a
is a nonzero vector, then the unit vector of a is

1 a
u= a=
a a

For example:
Determine the unit vector of a vector 2i + j 2k.
HOMEWORK

1. Determine vectors and scalars from these following quantities: weight, specific
heat, density, volume, speed, calories, momentum, energy, distance.

2. A car moving towards the north as far as 3 miles, then 5 miles to the northeast.
Describe this movement graphically and determine the resultant displacement
vectors graphically and analytically.

3. Show that the addition of vectors is commutative.

4. Given a = 3, -2, 1, b = 2, -4, -3, c = -1, 2, 2 determine the length of a,


a+b+c, dan 2a-3b-5c .

5. Given a = 2, -1, 1, b = 1, 3, -2, c = -2, 1, -3, and d = 3, 2, 5 determine


scalars k, l, m so that d=ka+lb+mc