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Substation Automation Course

and
Protection Training
DISTANCE PROTECTION

I1 Z1
t3

E ph1 E ph 2
Eph1 t2
t1
Rf
Zm A B C

I ph1 I ph 2
Eph2
Z1

I2 Z< Z<
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Distance Protection in REL670
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Distance Protection in REL670
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Combination of ZD and ZM
Combination of Directional Characteristic and Load Area
Directional Characteristic Load Area (in Phase Selector)

AND
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Impedance protection characteristic - Examples
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ZM function blocks
Phase to phase faults and settings
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ZM PP loops (2-phase faults)
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ZM PP loops (3-phase faults)
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Phase to earth faults and settings
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ZM PE loops (phase-earth faults)
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Example of ZM settings
Settings for ZM01, 85% of line (fw) 0 ms
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Settings for ZM01, 85% of line (fw) 0 ms
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Settings for ZM01, 85% of line (fw) 0 ms
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Settings for ZM01, 85% of line (fw) 0 ms
All settings for ZM1:
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Settings for ZM02, 125% of line (fw) 400 ms
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Settings for ZM03, 150% of line (rv) 800 ms
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Settings for ZM04, 200% of line (fw) 1000 ms
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Settings for ZM05, OFF


Settings for ZD01, directional function.
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! The hidden link..


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Phase Selector - PHS


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Settings of PHS

(EQUAL TO LL)
PHS LN Characteristic ohm/loop domain
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PHS LL and LLL Characteristic ohm/phase domain
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PHS LL and LLL Characteristic ohm/phase domain
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Conclusion on PHS settings


PHS settings to cover ZM01 and ZM02
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PHS settings for the Load Area
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PHS settings for the Load Area
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PHS settings for the Load Area
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Other PHS settings


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Impedance Protection
MEASURED CHARACTERISTICS FOR CALCULATED SETTINGS
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MEASURED CHARACTERISTICS FOR CALCULATED SETTINGS
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MEASURED CHARACTERISTICS FOR CALCULATED SETTINGS
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Connections to TRIP function


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Switch Onto Fault (SOTF)


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SOTF What happens


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SOTF
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SOTF
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SOTF
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SOTF - Settings
SOTF Automatic CB Close detection
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SOTF Activation by CB contact
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SOTF Activation by CLOSE Command
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