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Parliament Sub-Ordinates Judiciary

Ministries/Regulators/
Executives

Legislation Delegated legislation Precedent/case law

Act/Ordinance Rules, Regulations, Code Judgment


Guide Lines
S. 92 (Banking Federal Government to make rules
Ordinance) with consultation with State Bank.

S. 54 (State Bank Act) Central Board to make regulations.


S. 39 (PEMRA Power to make rules.
Ordinance)
S. 21 (PBC Act) Power to make rules by Federal
Government.
Regulation by Board.
DELEGATED LEGISLATION
EXAMPLES:
Prime Legislation Passed By Delegated Made By
Legislation
Companies Companies
Ordinance, 1984 President Rules, 1985
The companies SECP
(invitation and
acceptance of
deposits) rules,
1987
Income Tax Income Tax FBR
Ordinance, 2001 President Rule, 2002

Banking Presidential SBP


Ordinance, 1962 President Regulation, 2011

Sales Tax Act, Sales Tax Rule,


1990 Parliament 2006 FBR
Normal Hierarchy Special Enactment Quasi Judicial
Court

Federal Supreme Court Federal Shariat Court State Bank of Pakistan

Provincial High Court Appeal to Supreme Court Securities & Exchange


Shariat Bench Commission of Pakistan

District District & Banking Court Competition Commission


Sessions Court of Pakistan

City City Court Labour Courts Federal Board of Revenue


National Accountability
Court
HISTORY LAW REPORTS PRINCIPLE FOR
JUDICIAL PRECEDENT
Common law in 10th Title
Century Carlill V Carbolic Question of law
Morman Conquest Smoke Ball Co Year Question of facts
(1066) (1893) Volume 41 AER- It must form part of
402 the Ratio deciding
Magna Carta in 12th the case
Century Contents: The preceding court
King John Earlier case cited must have had a
(1215) Previous history of superior status to the
the litigation later court
Equity Law in 14th Facts
Century Verbatim text of the
Lord Chancellors judgment
Human Right issues Constitutional Laws Ayat #.36
Surah-e-Nisa
Procedural Laws issues Evidence/Qanun-e-Shahadat Ayat #.135
Surah-e-Nisa
Commercial Laws issues Contract Laws Ayat #.282
Surah-e-Baqra
Governance issues Corporate Laws Ayat #.7 & 8
Surah-e-Shams
Interest issues Banking & NBFC Laws Ayat #.274 278
Surah-e-Baqra