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Islam and Muslims

The religion is called Islam.

"ISLAM" is derived from the Arabic root


salaama peace, purity, submission and
obedience. In the religious sense, Islam means
submission to the will of God

The people who practice Islam are called


Muslims. (It is pronounced Mooslims).
Allah

Allah is the name of


God to Muslims.

You will never see


an image of Allah.
Muslims believe
that He does not
resemble any other
form in creation in
any way.
Allah
Allah is the Arabic name for God eused by
Muslims of the world as well as Arab
Christians.

Say HE IS GOD, THE ONE AND ONLY; GOD, THE


ETERNAL, ABSOLUTE; HE BEGETS NOT, NOR IS
HE BEGOTTEN; AND THERE IS NONE LIKE UNTO
HIM. (The Quran, Surah 112)
Belief in all Prophets of God
SOME PROPHETS : Adam, Noah, Abraham, Ishmael,
Ishaq, Jacob (Israel), Joseph, Benjamin, Moses, Aaron,
David, Solomon, Zakareya, Jesus, Muhammad

Attributes Of Prophets
a) Sinless
b) Trustworhy
c) Righteous
d) Intellectual
Muhammad:
The Prophet of Islam
A prophet is a messenger of God.

Muhammad was born in 570 AD.

His parents died when he was 7.

Liked to go off by himself and pray in the desert.

He heard the voice of the angel Gabriel telling


him to proclaim the one true God.
Muhammad
Muslims do not
believe that the
face of
Muhammad
should be shown.
The Quran
Holy Book of Islam

Written in Arabic

Muslims believe that


Allah revealed the
Quran to Muhammad.

Many Muslims memorize


the Quran

The Quran has the


rules Muslims live by.
The Sunnah
In Islam, the Arabic
word sunnah
means the way
Prophet Muhammad,
the Messenger of
Allah, lived his life.

Muslims strive to
live their life as
Muhammad did.
A Mosque
A Mosque is the
place of worship
for Muslims.
Islamic symbol

The Star and


Crescent Moon

You will find the


Star and Crescent
Moon on many
Islamic nations
flags.
The Five Pillars of Islam

We are looking at:


The Five Pillars of Islam
What are the Five Pillars?
Muslim people (who follow Islam) have five duties which
are called the Five Pillars of Islam. Every Muslim tries
to carry out these five things, and it helps them to feel
that they are members of the worldwide Muslim
community.
Pillar 1: SHAHADAH
This Pillar is believing and saying the
words. There is no god except Allah,
Muhammad is the messenger of Allah.

Muslims say this when they are praying


Pillar 2:SALAH
This Pillar is praying five times a day. There are set
prayers which Muslims should say, and all Muslims
should face Mecca in Arabia when praying, and should
pray on a prayer mat. People should wash before they
pray. There are fixed movements, which include
kneeling with the forehead placed on the ground in
front. This expresses the servant status of the
human being in relation to Allah.
Pillar 3: ZAKAH
Each year, Muslims are supposed to give a
some of their savings for charity such
as helping the poor. In this way, they
believe that their wealth is made pure
Pillar 4: SAWM
Muslim people must not eat food and drink
during the month of Ramadan during
daylight hours.
Ramadan
Ramadan - the most important holiday

Muslims fast from sun up till sundown


during the month of Ramadan

Ramadan celebrates Muhammad receiving


the Quran from Allah
Pillar 5: HAJJ
This is making a pilgrimage to Mecca at
least once in your life, if it can be
afforded.