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Natural Resources &

Environmental Laws
Act 3572

PD 705
ACT NO. 3572

AN ACT TO PROHIBIT THE CUTTING OF


TINDALO, AKLE OR MOLAVE TREES, UNDER
CERTAIN CONDITIONS, AND TO PENALIZE
VIOLATIONS THEREOF
Prohibited
The cutting in the public forests of

Tindalo,
Akle, or
Molave trees

Condition:

Less than sixty centimeters in diameters measured at a height of


four feet from the ground (breast high)
Penalty
1. Fine of not more than fifty pesos

2. Imprisonment for not more than fifteen days

3. To Pay two times the amount of the tax on the timber cut

Provided, That in the case of a company or corporation, the


president or manager shall be directly responsible for the
acts of his employees or laborers if it proven that the latter
acted with his knowledge; other wise the responsibility will
extend only as far as fine is concerned:

Provided, Further, That all tindalo, akle, or molave timber


cut in violation of this Act shall be forfeited to the
Government.
Penalty
4. Who may be liable - any person, company or corporation

Provided that for a corporation and a company, the president


and manager shall be directly responsible for the acts of his
employees or laborers if proven that the latter acted with his
knowledge; otherwise, the responsibility will extend only as far
as fine is concerned

Provided further that the tindalo, akle or molave timber cut


shall be forfeited in favor of the Government
PD. 705

REVISING PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 389, OTHERWISE


KNOWN AS THE FORESTRY REFORM CODE OF THE
PHILIPPINES

The Forestry Reform Code codifies, updates and raises forestry laws
in the country. It emphasizes the sustainable utilization of forest
resources
Policies
The State hereby adopts the following policies:

a) The multiple uses of forest lands shall be oriented to the


development and progress requirements of the country, the
advancement of science and technology, and the public
welfare;

b) Land classification and survey shall be systematized and


hastened;

c) The establishment of wood-processing plants shall be


encouraged and rationalized; and

d) The protection, development and rehabilitation of forest lands


shall be emphasized so as to ensure their continuity in
productive condition.
CRIMINAL OFFENSES
AND PENALTIES
Offense Imprisonment Fine Others
Confiscation
Illegal Logging
Cancellation of
Cutting, gathering and/or Fine P500
Qualified Theft license
collecting timber or other P20,000
Perpetual
products without license
disqualification
Eviction and
Fine P500 Forfeiture
6 months 2 years
Unlawful occupation or P20,000 If public officer,
If kaingin, 2 to 4
destruction of forest lands If kaingin, 8x the dismissal and
years
regular charge permanent
disqualification
Pasturing Livestock
6 months 2 years 10x regular rental Confiscation
without Authority
Illegal occupation of Restoration of the
national parks system and damaged area
P200 - P500
recreation areas and Eviction and
vandalism therein Forfeiture
CRIMINAL OFFENSES
AND PENALTIES
Offense Imprisonment Fine Others
Destruction of wildlife 100 pesos for each Denial of permit for
resources violation three years
Confiscation of the
Survey by unauthorized implements
2 to 4 years
person Cancellation of the
license
The survey,
Misclassification and survey
classification or
by government official or 1 year P1,000
release of forest lands
employee
shall be null and void.
Tax declaration on real
2 to 4 years
property.
P500 for every hectare or a fraction thereof
Coercion and influence 1 year
so improperly surveyed, classified or released.
CRIMINAL OFFENSES
AND PENALTIES
Offense Imprisonment Fine Others
Confiscation of such
implements and
devices
Unlawful possession of
Automatic
implements and devices 2 to 4 years P1,000 to P10,000
cancellation of the
used by forest officers.
license agreement,
lease, license or
permit,

Payment, collection and 6 years P100,000


remittance of forest Payment of a surcharge of twenty-five per
charges. centum (25%) of the amount due and payable.
Suspension for not less than 2 years
Sale of wood products If Dealer, Fine of not less than P200 or Value of
invoice
Arrest in flagrante delicto expressly provided under Section 80
Organization
Bureau of Reforestation
Forestry Administration

Southern Cebu
Reforestation Parks and
Development Wildlife Office
Project Bureau of
Forest
Development
Organization
The Director and Assistant Directors shall
be appointed by the President.

Qualifications
Director a natural born citizen
at least 30 years of age
a holder of at least a Bachelor's

Assistant Assistant Degree in Forestry or its equivalent

Directors Directors a registered forester.


Organization
Divisions
Planning and Utilization
Evaluation Division

Administrativ Forest
Protection and
e Division
Director Infrastructure

Legal Parks, Wildlife


Division Division

Reforestation Security and


Assistant Assistant and Afforestation
Division
Intelligence
Division
Directors Directors
Timber Forest
Management Development
Division Training Center
Jurisdiction
The Bureau shall have jurisdiction and authority

a) over all forest land,

b) grazing lands,

c) all forest reservations including watershed reservations

Presently administered by other government agencies or


instrumentalities
Jurisdiction
All actions and decisions of the Director are subject
to review by the Department Head whose decision
shall be final and executory after the lapse of thirty
(30) days from receipt by the aggrieved party of said
decision, unless appealed to the President

The Decision of the Department Head may not be


reviewed bythe courts except through a special civil
action for certiorari or prohibition
Classification
Existing
Existing Pasture Leases and Permits in Forest Lands
continues until reclassified

Topography
No land of the public domain eighteen per cent (18%) in
slope or over shall be classified as alienable and
disposable,

nor any forest land fifty per cent (50%) in slope or over, as
grazing land.

Reservations in forest lands and off-shore areas


as critical watersheds
as experimental forest
as marine parks
Utilization
A TIMBER

B WOOD-PROCESSING

C REFORESTATION

D FOREST PROTECTION

E SPECIAL USES

F QUALIFICATIONS
Utilization
A. TIMBER
A
The maximum period of any privilege to harvest timber is twenty-five
(25) years, renewable for a period, not exceeding twenty-five (25)
B
years, necessary to utilize all the remaining commercial quantity or
harvestable timber either from the unlogged or logged-over area.
C

F
Utilization
B. WOOD-PROCESSING
A
No new processing plant shall be established unless adequate raw
material is available on a sustained-yield basis in the area where the
B
raw materials will come from.

C Unless otherwise decreed by the President, upon recommendation of


the National Economic Development Authority, the entire production
of logs by all licensees shall, beginning January 1, 1976, be processed
D locally.

F
Utilization
C. REFORESTATION
A
A lease for a period of twenty-five (25) years, renewable for another
period not exceeding twenty-five (25) years, for the establishment of
B
an industrial tree plantation or a tree farm may be granted

C Provided, further, That no lease shall be granted within critical


watersheds.

F
Utilization
D. FOREST PROTECTION
A
All measures shall be taken to protect the forest resources from
destruction, impairment and depletion.
B
The utilization of timber therein shall not be allowed except through
C license agreements

There shall be indiscriminate construction of logging roads.


D

F
Utilization
E. SPECIAL USES
A
No forest land 50% in slope or over may be utilized for pasture
purposes.
B
Wildlife may be destroyed, killed, consumed, eaten or otherwise
C disposed of, without the necessity of permit, for the protection of
life, health, safety and property, and the convenience of the people.

D Forest lands may be leased for

the establishment of sawmills, lumber yards, timber depots,


E logging camps, rights-of-way

the construction of sanatoria, bathing establishments, camps, salt


F
works
Utilization
F. QUALIFICATIONS
A
Citizenship. 60% and more Filipino equity and participation shall be
preferred
B
Transfers. No transfer is permitted. The transferor shall forever be
C barred from acquiring another license agreement, license, lease or
permit.

F
THANK
YOU!
Samantha Gaile Reyes
Dianne Velasco