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# MIND GAMES: GUESS THE JUMBLED

LETTERS

LTCERCYICITE

ELECTRICITY
NCETURRN

CURRENT
VEOAGTL

VOLTAGE
SREIANCTES

RESISTANCE
RVOTMEETL

VOLTMETER
RAMMTEE

AMMETER
ERAPEM

AMPERE
TCCIUIR

CIRCUIT
REESIS

SERIES
LEPLALRA

PARALLEL
ELECTRICITY
MODULE 4
IMAGINE LIFE WITHOUT
ELECTRICITY?
ACTIVITY:
HOW IMPORTANT IS ELECTRICITY TO YOU?
WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT ELECTRICITY?
WHAT DO YOU WANT TO KNOW ABOUT
ELECTRICITY?
WHERE DOES ELECTRICITY
COME FROM?

## Electricity starts with atoms.

Atoms are tiny bits of matter much
too small for you to see.
Everything in the universe is made
up of atoms.
WHAT ARE
THE PARTS
OF AN
ATOM?
Atoms have two main parts: a center
or nucleus, and electrons that orbit or
go around the nucleus.
Electricity comes from electrons.
You can see what electricity does
because of electric charge and
electric energy.
WHAT IS ELECTRIC ENERGY?
ELECTRIC ENERGY

## The force that push

electrons to get them
moving
REVIEW.

## WHAT IS THE FORCE THAT

PUSH ELECTRONS TO GET
THEM MOVING?
ELECTRIC CHARGE
Comes from the parts
inside the atoms
Produced when electrons
move away from an atom
ELECTRIC CURRENT
the rate of electrons flowing
through a conductor
symbol for current is capital
letter I
it is measured in Amperes (A)
Named after Andre- Marie
Ampere
AMMETER
measures
electric
current
VOLTS/ VOLTAGE- the measure of
the force moving the electrons
(current)
It is the energy that moves the
charges in a circuit
Ex: 1.5 V of a battery
2.5 V
The symbol for voltage is capital
letter V.
Unit: volts
Named after Italian physicist
Alessandro Volta who invented the
voltaic pile, the forerunner of what
we now call the dry cell
VOLTMETER- measures voltage.
RESISTANCE
it hinders or resist the flow of
electric charges to a circuit
Limits the current in the circuit
If we increase the
resistance to a fixed
voltage, current decreases
resistance
current
CIRCUIT
A path that an
electric current
follows
Series Circuit
In a series circuit,
electric current
flows in a single
path.
If you turn a light switch off, for
instance, or if one light bulb
along the pathway burns out, a
break in the path occurs and the
electric current stops flowing to
both light bulbs.
Parallel Circuit
In a parallel circuit,
electric current flows
in more than one path.
When a break occurs in one
path, such as when one of the
light bulbs burns out, the
other light bulb stays lit
because the electric current
continues to flow to it.
REVIEW
What is the difference of series
circuit to parallel circuit in
terms of:
Path of the electric current