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STEERING GEAR

MECHANISM

presented by:-
md mahafooz khan
B.Tech 3rd year
ME Sec-J
Roll No-08
INTRODUCTION
The act of guiding the vehicle is called steering.
The steering system of cars and trucks consists of
levers, links, rods, and a gearbox and sometimes a
hydraulic system that assists the driver's steering effort.
There must be no looseness between the steering wheel
and the front wheels if the driver is to keep control
over the direction the wheels points.
The tires must meet the road at the correct angle to get
good traction and to prevent unnecessary tire wear
Functions of Steering System :

Control of front wheel(sometimes


rear wheel) direction.
Transmit road feel (slight steering
wheel pull caused by the road surface)
to the drivers hand.
Maintain correct amount of effort
needed to turn the wheels.
Absorb most of the shock going to the
steering wheel as the tire hits holes
and bumps in the road.
Allow for suspension action.
Steering System
Turning the Car (when turning, front wheels dont point the same direction)

Inside wheel turns at a smaller radius, hence the inside wheel turns at a
steeper angle then the outside wheel.
Linkage Steering System (Worm Gear) Parts

Steering Wheel used by the driver to rotate a


steering shaft that passes through the steering
column.

Steering Shaft transfers turning motion


from the steering wheel to steering gearbox.

Steering Column supports the steering


column and steering shaft.
Linkage Steering System (Worm Gear) Parts

Steering Gearbox) changes turning motion


into a straight-line motion to the left or right.

Steering gear box ratios range from 15:1 to


24:1 (with 15:1, the worm gear turns 15 times
to turn the selector shaft once).
Power Steering
Over the years, power steering has become a
standard equipment item on many automobiles. The
demand for this system has caused power steering to
be installed on over 90%% of all domestic new car
production. All systems require a power steering
pump attached to the engine and driven by a belt
The need to achieve the greatest
possible deroad safety unr :
20/21Mar09

BENEFITS OF POWER STEERING

15 mkg

STEERING EFFORTS AT PARKING

3 mkg
2 mkg
1 mkg

HCV CAR HCV CAR

MANUAL POWER
STEERING STEERING

EFFORTLESS STEERING 13
SRK
Ackerman Steering Mechanism
The inside front wheel is rotated slightly
sharper than the outside wheel (reduces tire
slippage).
Ackerman steering provides a fairly
accurate dead-reckoning solution while
supporting traction and ground clearance.
Generally the method of choice for outdoor
autonomous vehicles.
o i

Ackerman equation:
d
cot i cot o
l
where:

i = relative steering angle of inner wheel;


o = relative steering angle of outer wheel;
l = longitudinal wheel separation;
d = lateral wheel separation.
o SA i

SA = vehicle steering angle.

d
cot SA cot i
2l

d
cot SA cot i
2l
THANK YOU