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Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew
out of a small agricultural community
founded on the Italian Peninsula as early as
the 10th century BC. Located along the
Mediterranean Sea, it became one of the
largest empires in the ancient world.
In its centuries of existence, Roman civilization
shifted from a monarchy to an oligarchic
republic to an increasingly autocratic empire.
It came to dominate South-Western Europe,
South-Eastern Europe/Balkans and the
Mediterranean region through conquest and
assimilation.
Plagued by internal instability and attacked by
various migrating peoples, the western part of the
empire, including Italy, Hispania, Gaul, Britannia and
Africa broke up into independent kingdoms in the 5th
century AD.
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Roman civilization is often grouped into "classical
antiquity" with ancient Greece, a civilization that
inspired much of the culture of ancient Rome. Ancient
Rome contributed greatly to the development of law,
war, art, literature, architecture, technology, religion,
and language in the Western world, and its history
continues to have a major influence on the world
today.
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According to one legend, Rome was founded on April 21, 753
BC by twin brothers descended from the Trojan prince
Aeneas. Romulus and Remus were the grandsons of the Latin
King, Numitor of Alba Longa. The King was ejected from his
throne by his cruel brother Amulius while Numitor's daughter,
Rhea Silvia, gave birth.Rhea Silvia was a Vestal Virgin who was
raped by Mars, making the twins half-divine.
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Another legend recorded by Greek historian Dionysius says that Prince Aenas

led a group of Trojans on a sea voyage. After a long time in rough seas, they

landed at the banks of the Tiber River. Not long after they landed, the men

wanted to take to the sea again, but the women who were traveling with them

didn't want to leave. One woman, named Roma, suggested that the women

burn the ships out at sea to prevent them from leaving. At first, the men were

angry with Roma, but they soon realized that they were in the ideal place to

settle. They named the settlement after the woman who torched their ships.
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