Sie sind auf Seite 1von 35

UNDERSTANDING LIGHT &

VALUE
Fruitport High School
2D ART
What you will Learn:
OBJECTIVES: Students will learn.
How to shade an object and make it look three-
dimensional.
How to use the different shading techniques.
How to create strong contrast between light and
dark values chiaroscuro.

LEARNING TARGETS for the STIll LIFE


Assignment
I can use at least 4 different shading techniques
in a drawing and with each technique I can show
a variety of different ranges of values from very
light to very dark.
How most little kids learn to
shade
How a High school student
should learn to shade
Vocabulary
1. Contrast: The difference between light and
dark areas in a drawing.
2. Implied Texture: The surface quality of an
object simulated by the artist.
3. Value Scale: A value scale shows the range of
values from black to white and light to dark.
4. Chiaroscuro: The Italian word meaning light to
dark- in a drawing its the area of the most
contrast.
5. Occlusion Shadow: the point in which an object
blocks light.
6. Terminator is the edge where the form
transitions from light to shadow
Vocabulary In Action: How it Works
Vocabulary Shown in a Realistic Drawing of an Object

Terminator Highlight

Reflected Light

Cast
Half Tones
Shadow
Occlusion
Shadow
Lets examine our Still Life objects and how light and
shadow comes into play
Trick to Shading
Examine this Mug

Notice how the line


directions follows the
contours of the
object's shape. This
is called contour
shading.

If you want to shade


better start to
shade your lines with
the contour of the
object's shape.
You need to be able to SEE
quality shading
A B

Which is a good example of a shaded circle? A or B?


Value Drawing
A B

Which is a good example of a shaded circle? A or B?


Value Drawing
A B

Which is a good example of a shading? A or B?


Let's look at a contemporary
artist who today is using value
in her remarkable surreal
drawings.
I had a wonderful experience
working with this artist at a
teacher workshop
This awesome mural, entitled Elephants,
is an astonishing and enormous piece
created by artist Adonna Khare using
only carbon pencil
ArtPrize 2012 winner of $200,000 is 'Elephants' by Adonna Khare
Adonna Khare is an America Artist mainly focused on carbon pencil on paper
drawings. She received her Masters of Fine Art from California State University
Long Beach. Her work has been collected by prestigious public and private
collections throughout the world. In 2012 she won the world's largest art
competition ArtPrize, competing against over 1500 artists from all around the
world.
video
What did you see in Adonnas
work that you found interesting?
Shading Techniques
WHERE ELSE ARE THESE
TEXTURAL TECHNIQUES USED IN
ART?

Painters create them to Video game designs use


create textures with them in their graphics.
different brush strokes.
Animators use them in
Sculptures carve them their movies.
into various mediums
like clay or bronze. Illustrators use them in
Comic Book artists use their books.
them to show depth and You can create them
value in their characters with pen and ink, color
and scenes. pencil, marker, ..
Shading
Techniques
Tonal is a shading
technique that produces a
smooth line free range of
values. This is done by
using the side of the
pencil and layers of
graphite.
Shading Techniques
Hatching is a shading technique
that uses thin parallel lines that go
in the same direction of flow
around the shape.
Shading Techniques
When hatched lines are placed at an
angle to one another, it is criss cross
line method of shading called cross-
hatching.
Shading
Techniques
Scumble is a shading technique
where the artist scribbles lines
and layers them to create
different values.
Shading Techniques
Pointillism also called Stippling is a technique
of drawing in which small, distinct dots are
applied in patterns to form an image
Shading
Techniques
Smudge can be done to any
shading technique. Smudge is a
smearing of the graphite into
the tooth of the paper. You can
use a paper stump or your
finger to rub/smudge the
graphite. Smudge is great for
skin texture, glass bottles and
metal.
Another current artist who uses
shading
2010 Art Prize Winner
Calvary By the Artist Chris Laport
8 foot x 44 foot pencil drawing on paper all done with a #2 pencil.
Calvary room view
2010 Art Prize Winner
Calvary By the Artist Chris Laport
8 foot x 44 foot pencil drawing on paper all done with a #2 pencil.
Calvary - Detail
2010 Art Prize Winner

I love to draw.
Drawing is always
cool--no matter
what your age or
background.
Artist Chris LaPort
Quick Video with the
Artist
Value Drawing with Pencil
Video by: JD Hillberry drawing using value

Watch the video clip of JD Hillberry.


WHAT DRAWING DID YOU LIKE?
What was the most interesting thing he said during the video?
Videos to watch on you own
This is the assignment we are doing in class. Please be sure that
you complete this assignment in class. If you do not finfish
please complete as homework.