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Introduction Basic Concept Procedure Data and Result

This test designed to evaluate the Aggregate to be used as road

toughness of aggregates i.e., the materials must possess some
resistance of the stones to fracture properties or characteristics. Sample 1 2 3
under repeated impacts may be called Toughness is one of the highly
an impact test for road stones. Impact required property which is necessary Weight of steel cylinder, g 2824.9 2824.9 2824.9
test may either be carried out on for the aggregates to bear the impact
cylindrical stone specimens or on loads. Road aggregates are applied Weight of steel cylinder + 3138.3 3140.3 3154.0
course aggregates as in Aggregate with the impact loads a millions of aggregate, g
Impact test. The aggregate impact test times in their life as the road materials. 1. The test sample consist of aggregates passing 12.5
has been standardized by the So they must be tested for their mm sieve and retained on 10 mm sieve and dried in an Weight of aggregate(M1), g 313.4 315.4 329.1
British Standard The aggregate impact toughness before they are used in the oven for four hours at a temperature 100C to 110C and
value indicates a relative measure of pavement layers. Toughness can be cooled. Weight the empty cylinder. Weight of aggregate after 15 3137.9 3139.9 3153.3
the resistance of aggregate to a sudden tested using a Impact testing machine, blows, g
shock or an impact, which in some which is an arrangement to apply the 2. The aggregates are filled up to about one-third full in
aggregates differs from its resistance to impact loads on the aggregates just the cylindrical measure and tamped 25 times with Weight of aggregate passing 102.4 99.3 110.0
a slow compressive load. The method like they are applied on the roads. rounded end of the tamping rod. Further quantity of 2.36mm (M2), g
of test covers the procedure for Materials which gets fractured or aggregates is then added up to about two-third full in the
determining the aggregate impact value crushed into smaller particles are not cylinder and 25 strokes of the tamping rod are given. Weight of aggregate retained 209.1 217.8 219.9
of coarse aggregates. tough. In this test we will find out the 2.36mm (M3), g
percentage of the weight of the 3. The measure is now filled with the aggregates to over
aggregate sample which gets crushed flow, tamped 25 times. The surplus aggregates are Total weight of aggregate 311.5 317.1 329.9
with respect to the total weight of the struck off using the tamping rod as straight edge. (M2+M3), g
sample. This percentage is known as
Objective 4. The cup is fixed firmly in position on the base of the M1 - (M2+M3) 1.0 g 1.9 -1.7 -0.8
the aggregate impact value and more
the aggregate impact value less is the hammer machine and the whole of the test sample from
2 32.7 31.5 33.4
To determine the aggregates toughness of the road aggregates and the cylindrical measure is transferred to the cup. AIV = 100 ,%
impact value (AIV) of aggregate vice verse. If impact value is less than
10% then aggregate is said to be 5. The hammer is raised above the upper surface of the
exceptionally strong, if it is in range of aggregates in the cup and allowed to fall freely on the
10 to 30% then they are good. aggregates. The test sample is subjected to a total of 15
such blows

6. The crushed aggregate is then removed from the cup

and the whole of it sieved on the 2.36 mm sieve until no
further significant amount passes. The fraction retained
on the sieve is also weighed and if the total weight of the
fractions passing and retained on the sieve is added.

7. All of these steps are repeated for two times more and
data is recorded.

Discussion Conclusion

The advantage of aggregate impact test is that test equipment and As a conclusion, we have determine the
the test procedure are quite simple and it determines the resistance to aggregates impact value of aggregate by
impact of stones simulating field condition. The test can be performed conducting this laboratory experiment or the
in a short time even at construction site or at stone quarry, as the strength value of the aggregates which is 32.2%
apparatus is simple and portable. and the aggregates are considered satisfactory.

As the data obtained from this test, we have determined the

aggregate impact value of the specimen. If the AIV is less than 10%,
the aggregates are exceptionally strong, but if AIV is in range 10%
until 30% the aggregates have good strength resistance. However,
the aggregates impact value of the specimen for this laboratory
experiment is 32.7%, 31.5%, 33.4% and 31.3%. We repeated all the
procedures for 3 more times to obtain precise average value of
aggregates impact value which is 32.2%. As a result, the specimen
are considered satisfactory because the aggregates impact value is
more than 30%. Compare with the other laboratory groups, their
specimens are considered good. The difference of results between
each groups is caused by the errors occurred during conducting this
laboratory experiment.

The size of aggregates that were used in laboratory experiment

affected the data result, so it explain why the result between each
groups is different. Next, the specimen was not dried completely in the
oven. Thus, the data obtained were not accurate and not appropriate
to be calculated in this laboratory experiment. To overcome all of
these errors, the aggregates should be sieving before conducting this
experiment to obtain the size of aggregates that we need. Then, the
aggregates should be dried enough before crushing it or use it in this
laboratory experiment.