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Tujuan Pendidikan Teknik Kimia

mencetak sarjana yang mampu merancang dan


mengoperasikan peralatan proses secara
handal, efisien dan produktif.

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What are Chemical Engineers?

Chemical engineers use math, physical sciences


(physics, chemistry), life sciences (biology, microbiology
and biochemistry), and economics to solve practical
problems.
The difference between chemical engineers and other
types of engineers is that they apply a knowledge of
chemistry in addition to other engineering disciplines.
Chemical engineers may be called universal
engineers because their scientific and technical
mastery is so extensive.
Or.What is the Chemical Engineering ?
Chemical engineering is the branch of engineering that deals with physical
science (e.g., chemistry and physics), and life sciences (e.g., biology,
microbiology and biochemistry) with mathematics and economics, to the
process of converting raw materials or chemicals into more useful or
valuable forms. Some time may be called process engineer

Raw materials

Chemical process

Products & profits


Klasifikasi Industri

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(1) Industri Hulu (up stream)

Minyak Bumi, Gas Alam, Kelapa Sawit , Batu Bara, Mineral

(2) Industri Hilir (down stream)


Kertas, petrokimia, pupuk, ban, metanol, etanol,
benzen, amonia, CO2 , semen, tawas, asam nitrat,
asam sulfat, dan lain-lain

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INDUSTRI
HULU

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Quartz: SiO2

Amphibole/Hornblende: Olivine
Ca2(Mg,Fe,Al)5(Al,Si)8O22(OH)2 Fayalite: Fe2SiO4
10/21/2017 Forsterite: Mg2Si2O4 10
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Universal Engineer

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So What Exactly Does This
"Universal Engineer" Do?
During the past Century, chemical engineers
have made tremendous contributions to our
standard of living. To celebrate these
accomplishments, the American Institute of
Chemical Engineers (AIChE) has compiled a list
of the "10 Greatest Achievements of Chemical
Engineering." These triumphs are summarized
below:

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The Atom :

Biology, medicine, metallurgy, and power generation


have all been revolutionized by our ability to split the
atom and isolate isotopes. Chemical engineers played
a prominent role in achieving both of these results. Early
on facilities such as DuPont's Hanford Chemical Plant
used these techniques to bring an abrupt conclusion to
World War II with the production of the atomic bomb.
Today these technologies have found uses in more
peaceful applications. Medical doctors now use
isotopes to monitor bodily functions; quickly identifying
clogged arteries and veins. Similarly biologists gain
invaluable insight into the basic mechanisms of life, and
archaeologists can accurately date their historical
findings.
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isotopes to monitor bodily functions

Procedure-Isotope Typical Activity

Brain Scan 99mTc = 7.5 mCi

Lung Scan 133Xe = 7.5 mCi

Bone Scan 85Sr = 0.1mCi

Cardio Vascular Arterial 24Na =7.5 mCi


Flow

Figure 1: A radiopharmaceutical is used to produce this brain image of a patient with Alzheimers
disease. Certain features are computer enhanced. (credit: National Institutes of Health)

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isotopensonde

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The Plastic Age:
The 19th Century saw enormous advances in polymer
chemistry. However, it required the insights of chemical
engineers during the 20th Century to make mass
produced polymers a viable economic reality. When a
plastic called Bakelite was introduced in 1908 it sparked
the dawn of the "Plastic Age" and quickly found uses in
electric insulation, plugs & sockets, clock bases, iron
cooking handles, and fashionable jewelry. Today plastic
has become so common that we hardly notice it exists.
Yet nearly all aspects of modern life are positively and
profoundly impacted by plastic.

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jewerly electric insulation

plug and socket

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The Human Reactor
Chemical engineers have long studied complex chemical
processes by breaking them up into smaller "unit
operations." Such operations might consist of heat
exchangers, filters, chemical reactors and the like.
Fortunately this concept has also been applied to the
human body. The results of such analysis have helped
improve clinical care, suggested improvements in
diagnostic and therapeutic devices, and led to
mechanical wonders such as artificial organs. Medical
doctors and chemical engineers continue to work hand in
hand to help us live longer fuller lives.

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liver

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Wonder Drugs :

Chemical engineers have been able to take


small amounts of antibiotics developed by
people such as Sir Arthur Fleming (who
discovered penicillin in 1929) and increase their
yields several thousand times through mutation
and special brewing techniques. Today's low
price, high volume, drugs owe their existence
to the work of chemical engineers. This ability to
bring once scarce materials to all members of
society through industrial creativity is a defining
characteristic of chemical engineering

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Synthetic Fibers
From blankets and clothes to beds and
pillows, synthetic fibers keep us warm,
comfortable, and provide a good night's
rest. Synthetic fibers also help reduce the
strain on natural sources of cotton and
wool, and can be tailored to specific
applications. For example; nylon
stockings make legs look young and
attractive while bullet proof vests keep
people out of harm's way.
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Tennis fibre court

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Liquefied Air :

When air is cooled to very low temperatures (about


320 deg F below zero) it condenses into a
liquid. Chemical engineers can then separate
out the different components. The purified
nitrogen can be used to recover petroleum,
freeze food, produce semiconductors, or prevent
unwanted reactions while oxygen is used to
make steel, smelt copper, weld metals together,
and support the lives of patients in hospitals.
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The Environment,
We All Have to Live Here
Chemical engineers provide economical answers
to clean up yesterday's waste and prevent
tomorrow's pollution. Catalytic converters,
reformulated gasoline, and smoke stack
scrubbers all help keep the world clean.
Additionally, chemical engineers help reduce the
strain on natural materials through synthetic
replacements, more efficient processing, and
new recycling technologies.

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Food, "It's What's For Dinner"

Plants need large amounts of nitrogen, potassium,


and phosphorus to grow in abundance. Chemical
fertilizers can help provide these nutrients to crops,
which in turn provide us with a bountiful and balanced
diet. Fertilizers are especially important in certain
regions of Asia and Africa where food can sometimes be
scarce . Advances in biotechnology also offer the
potential to further increase worldwide food production.
Finally, chemical engineers are at the forefront of food
processing where they help create better tasting and
most nutritious foods.

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Petrochemicals,
"Black Gold, Texas Tea
Chemical engineers have helped develop
processes like catalytic cracking to break
down the complex organic molecules found in
crude oil into much simpler species. These
building blocks are then separated and
recombined to form many useful products
including: gasoline, lubricating oils, plastics,
synthetic rubber, and synthetic fibers.
Petroleum processing is therefore recognized as
an enabling technology, without which, much
of modern life would cease to function
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Running on Synthetic Rubber
Chemical engineers played a prominent role in
developing today's synthetic rubber industry.
During World War II, synthetic rubber capacity
suddenly became of paramount importance.
This was because modern society runs on
rubber. Tires, gaskets, hoses, and conveyor
belts (not to mention running shoes) are all
made of rubber. Whether you drive, bike, roller-
blade, or run; odds are you are running on
rubber.
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atletic surface track

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gasket

roller blade

rubber hose
Conveyor belt sushi
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Jobs Opportunity for ChE
ChE Salaries Survey (by AIChE in 2013)

Salaries vary with experience ($67,000 for chemical


engineers with fewer than six years of experience to
about $140,000 for those with more than 30 years).

Other factors, including age, gender, education, job


function, and industry, were also examined for their
impact on chemical engineers paychecks.

The variables having the largest impact on salaries are


years of work experience, time with current employer,
and time taken off for family reasons.