Sie sind auf Seite 1von 22

RAIL STRUCTURE INTERACTION

STUDY OF CURVED BRIDGE


WHAT IS RAIL STRUCTURE INTERACTION??

NEED OF RAIL STRUCTURE INTERACTION??

FACTORS CAN HAVE AN EFFECT ON THE INTERACTION.

PHYSICAL OR GEOMETRICAL PARAMETERS AFFECTING THE

INTERACTION

LITERATURE REVIEWS
WHAT IS RAIL STRUCTURE INTERACTION??

RSI analysis means to produce the


rail connection to the bridge girder
using bilinear springs
NEED OF RAIL STRUCTURE INTERACTION??

In Metro Railway bridges, the widely used Continuous Welded Rail


(CWR) is directly fastened to the concrete block placed above the
bridge deck with the help of Rail Fasteners. Hence, there is a need of
detailed study to understand the transfer of forces between deck and rail
and also to the substructure in terms of Rail Structure Interaction
phenomenon.
CWR(Continuous Welded Rail) is adopted to increase transit speed of
train and
passenger comport
TYPE OF RAIL STRUCTURE INTERACTION

1. Vehicle load on a CWR track induces additional force into the


bearings of bridge deck.
2. Movement of deck induces an additional force on the CWR.
FACTORS CAN HAVE AN EFFECT ON
THE INTERACTION.

1. Thermal expansion and contraction in track and/or bridge structure,


2. Starting and braking force of a train,
3. Translation of a structure,
4. Lateral displacement of upper structure by wind load,
5. Temperature gradient in bridge girders.
PHYSICAL OR GEOMETRICAL PARAMETERS
AFFECTING THE INTERACTION.

1. Support condition of decks.


2. Expansion length of the deck.
3. Stiffness of the girder.
4. Cross sectional area of the rail.
5. Flexural stiffness of pier, and
6. Soil spring coefficient depending on the sort of soil in
foundation.
LITERATURE REVIEWS
1. RAIL-STRUCTURE INTERACTION ANALYSIS OF SLIDING SLAB
TRACK ON BRIDGE.
Kyoung-Chan Lee , Seung Yup Jang and Dong-Ki Jung
Joint Rail Conference JRC2015 March 23-26, 2015 USA
CWR on a bridge structure typically experiences longitudinal axial forces due to longitudinal rail-
structure interaction under temperature change and train vertical and traction/braking load
effect. In order to reduce the additional axial forces, a special type of fastener, such as zero
longitudinal restraint (ZLR) and reduced longitudinal restraint (RLR) or rail expansion joint (REJ)
should be applied to reduce the effect of rail-structure interaction through the application of a
low-frictional sliding layer between slab track and bridge structure
sliding slab track and compares them with conventional fixed slab track for various span multiple
continuous spans and extra-dosed bridges Result
Sliding slab track is able to reduce the influence of the track-bridge interaction
The analysis found that the sliding slab track can reduce the
additional axial forces of the continuous welded rail from 80%
to 90%, and the difference is more significant for long and
continuous span bridge. By the application of the sliding slab
track, the use of any other special type of rail fasteners or REJ
can be avoided. In addition, span length will not be restricted
by the rail-structure interaction effect in planning the railway
bridge layout. Continuous span bridge has been usually
avoided for railway bridges, but it is preferred for the
application of the sliding slab track because the interaction
effect can mostly be removed
2. Track-Structure Interaction Analysis using FE Modelling
Techniques
1. Philip Icke, LUSAS, UK
2. Geoffrey Paice, LUSAS, UK

UIC774-3 Code of Practice [1] and Eurocode 1 [2] with particular reference to LUSAS
[3] Rail Track-Structure Interaction and Interactive Modal Dynamics analysis
software applications.
all thermal and train loads are taken into account.
Thermal loading on the bridge deck
Thermal loading on the rail if any rail expansion devices are fitted
Vertical loads associated with the trainsets
Longitudinal braking and/or acceleration loads associated with the trainsets
Result
5 Results Viewing / Processing Results are produced in Microsoft Excel spreadsheet
format or a propriety software results format. Separate worksheets within the
results spreadsheet contain results for specific areas of interest. These worksheets
include: Raw results data in summary, graph and tabular form for each track and
deck component Envelopes of raw track and deck data in summary, graph and
tabular form for combinations of temperature and trainset rail loading Tables of
3. Need for Rail Structure Interaction for Railway Bridges Having
Continuous Welded Rails IJSRD
1. Bharat J Shah
2. Samir K Surti
3. International Journal for Scientific Research & Development| Vol. 3,
Issue 03, 2015
comparison of two different railway bridges i.e. one with Rail Structure
Interaction and other without Rail Structure Interaction is studied in
terms of additional stresses in the rail.
The connection between deck and rail is done with the help of Multi
linear Elastic Link and Rigid link to study the effect on the structure.
Results
60.38% increase in the rail stresses due to train vertical loading &
28.52% due to thermal loading.
that axial stresses reduced to zero at the location of Rail Expansion Joint
(REJ) as compared to CWR
BILINEAR RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RESISTANCE AND
DISPLACEMENT OF THE TRACK
4. MODELLING THE INTERACTION EFFECTS OF THE HIGH-
SPEED TRAINTRACKBRIDGE SYSTEM USING ADINA
1. Carlos Rebelo,
2. Luis Simes da Silva
3. 5th International Conference on Mechanics and Materials in Design
The main purpose of this paper is to present some results concerning the investigation of the effects of the vehicle-
bridge interaction in simply supported medium span viaducts, including the modelling of the ballast-rail track
system. This system is modelled using the rail stiffness in vertical and longitudinal directions, including the rail pad
and the sleepers, and the ballast as a system of vertical springs, dampers and masses. A simplified vehicle model
proposed by the European Railway Research Institute (ERRI D214, 1999), taking into account the vehicle primary
suspension characteristics and the mass of the bogie is used with the contact algorithm implemented in the software
ADINA to evaluate the response acceleration of a simply supported medium span concrete viaduct. The results are
compared with those from the moving loads model for a wide range of train speeds.
RAIL STRUCTURE INTERACTION STUDY FOR CURVED
SPANS OF THE HYDERABAD METRO RAIL PROJECT.
PROJECT DETAILS

Correct loading for railfracture load case.


Provide results for 25-meter spans and 128-meter radius.
Confirm/correct longitudinal force value for 128-meter radius
and 9-meter pier height.
Substructure members have been updated to divide the pier
elementinto three elements to include the additional stiffness
of the pedestaland footing
Determine distribution of forces to the piers due to
temperature rise and fall.
Determine distribution of forces to the piers due to
longitudinal forces.
Determine distribution of forces to the piers due to rail
fracture.
Determine distribution of forces to the piers due to creep &
shrinkage.
Validation of the resuls.
Rail Structure Interaction effect on different
foundation like
1. Open Foundation
2. Pile Foundation
RSI effect on Pile foundation With the variation in
Fixity depth.