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LOMA PRIETA, CA

EARTHQUAKE

Dr. Walter Hays,


Global Alliance For
Disaster Reduction

OCTOBER 17, 1989


LOMA PRIETA, CALIFORNIA
EARTHQUAKE
5:04 PM ON OCTOBER 17, 1989
M 7.1
62 DEATHS
$1 BILLION INSURED LOSS
FRAGILE INFRASTRUCTURE EXPOSED
LOMA PRIETA EARTHQUAKE

62 DEATHS
3,757 INJURIES
8,000 HOMELESS
$5.6 BILLION
PROPERTY
DAMAGE
LIFELINE FLAWS
LOMA PRIETA EARTHQUAKE
1,300 BUILDINGS
DESTROYED
20,000 BUILDINGS
DAMAGED
3,500 BUSINESSES
DAMAGED
$1.8 BILLION LOSS
TO TRANS-
PORTATION
CA: HIGH SEISMICITY
CALIFORNIAS FAULTS
(SOURCE: CDMG)
USGSS 1988 FORCAST OF
EARTHQUAKE PROBABITIES
Schematic Diagram of the
Earthquake Mechanism

WEST NORTH
Schematic Diagram of the
Earthquake Mechanism, But
Without Surface Rupture
WEST NORTH
GROUND FAILURE, NOT
SURFACE FAULT RUPTURE
POWER OUTAGES BEGAN AT
5:04 PM IN THE REGION
FIRE IN MARINA DISTRICT 100
KM FROM EPICENTER
LIQUEFACTION: MARINA
DISTRICT
VULNERABLE SOFT-STORY
BUILDINGS: MARINA DISTRICT
LATERAL SPREADING: SAN
FRANCISCO WHARF AREA
VULNERABLE UNREINFORCED
MASONRY BUILDINGS
VULNERABLE UNREINFORCED
MASONRY BUILDINGS
COLLAPSE OF ELEVATED
CYPRESS VIADUCT
FORTY-ONE VICTIMS AT THE
CYPRESS VIADUCT
FAILURE OF A SPAN ON THE
OAKLAND BAY BRIDGE
WIDESPREAD POWER
OUTAGES
GOVERNOR DEUKMEJIANS BOARD OF
INQUIRY
GOAL: TO FIND THE COMMON AGENDA
(CA) OF TECHNICAL
AND POLITICAL SOLUTIONS

TECHNICAL POLITICAL
SOLUTIONS SOLUTIONS
CA
GOVERNOR DEUKMEJIANS
BOARD OF INQUIRY
THE BOARDS QUESTION 1:
REPORT: WHY DID THE
COMPETING CYPRESS VIADUCT
AGAINST TIME ON INTERSTATE
880 AND THE
OAKLAND BAY
BRIDGE SPAN
FAIL?
GOVERNOR DEUKMEJIANS
BOARD OF INQUIRY
THE BOARDS QUESTION 2:
REPORT: COULD THESE
COMPETING FAILURES HAVE
AGAINST TIME BEEN FORESEEN?
GOVERNOR DEUKMEJIANS
BOARD OF INQUIRY
THE BOARDS QUESTION 3:
REPORT: CAN WE IMPROVE
COMPETING OUR ABILITY TO
AGAINST TIME PREDICT
ACCURATELY
FUTURE BRIDGE
FAILURES?
GOVERNOR DEUKMEJIANS
BOARD OF INQUIRY
THE BOARDS QUESTION 4:
REPORT: IS THE SCHEDULE
COMPETING FOR AND MANNER
AGAINST TIME OF RETROFITTING
CAS BRIDGE
STRUCTURES
APPROPRIATE IN
TERMS OF THE
STATE-OF-ART?
GOVERNOR DEUKMEJIANS
BOARD OF INQUIRY
THE BOARDS QUESTION 5:
REPORT: SHOULD CA
COMPETING MODIFY EXISTING
AGAINST TIME CONSTRUCTION
AND RETROFIT
PROGRAMS FOR
BRIDGE
STRUCTURES?
GOVERNOR DEUKMEJIANS
BOARD OF INQUIRY
THE BOARDS QUESTION 6:
REPORT: ARE CAS
COMPETING FREEWAY
AGAINST TIME SYSTEMS SAFE
FROM FUTURE
EARTHQUAKES?
GOVERNOR DEUKMAJIANS BOARD
OF INQUIRY

FACT: THE COMMON AGENDA WAS BASED


ON THE STRICKEN COMMUNITYS STAPLE FACTORS

TECHNICAL POLITICAL
SOLUTIONS SOLUTIONS
CA

STAPLE
FACTORS
S P
O T
THE STAPLE FACTORS
ALWAYS VARY WITH
TIME
PLACE
CIRCUMSTANCES
BOARDS RECOMMENDATIONS:
INTEGRATED POLITICAL AND
TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS
1. AFFIRM THE 2. ESTABLISH THE
POLICY THAT POLICY THAT
SEISMIC SAFETY IS SEISMIC SAFETY IS
A PRIMARY A PRIORITY FOR
CONCERN FOR ALL ALL PUBLIC AND
TRANSPORTATION PRIVATE
SYSTEMS BUILDINGS
BOARDS RECOMMENDATIONS:
INTEGRATED POLITICAL AND
TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS
3. ESTABLISH A 4. PREPARE A
MECHANISM TO PLAN TO MEET THE
ADVISE THE GOVERNORS
GOVERNOR AND GOALS FOR THE
LEGISLATURE ON SEISMIC SAFETY
THE ACTIONS OF OF CAS
CAS AGENCIES TO TRANSPORTATION
ACHIEVE SEISMIC SYSTEMS
SAFETY
BOARDS RECOMMENDATIONS:
INTEGRATED POLITICAL AND
TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS
5. FORM A 6. ENSURE THAT
PERMANENT CALTRANS
EARTHQUAKE SEISMIC DESIGN
ADVISORY BOARD POLICIES AND
TO ADVISE CONSTRUCTION
CALTRANS ON PRACTICES MEET
POLICY, THE POLICIES AND
STANDARDS, AND GOALS SET BY THE
PRACTICE GOVERNOR
BOARDS RECOMMENDATIONS:
INTEGRATED POLITICAL AND
TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS
7. TAKE SPECIFIC 8. INVOLVE ALL
ACTIONS TO TRANSPORTATION
REDUCE AGENCIES AND
VULNERABILITIES DISTRICTS--RAIL,
OF NEW AND HIGHWAY,
EXISTING AIRPORTS, PORTS,
TRANSPORTATION AND HARBORS---IN
SYSTEMS THE SOLUTION
State of California (1990),
Competing Against Time, Report
of Governor Deukmejians Board
of Inquiry on the Loma Prieta
Earthquake
Office of Planning and Research, New
Highlands, California, 264 p.