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BFC 21403

STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

CHAPTER 2 :
STATICALLY DETERMINATE
PLANE TRUSSES
Noridah Mohamad
What is TRUSS????
A truss is a structure composed of slender
members joined together at their end points
(Hibbler, 2012)

A truss is a system of relatively slender


members, arranged in the form of one or
more triangles, which transfer loads by
developing axial forces in its members
(Chajes, 1990)
What is TRUSS????
The joint connections
formed by bolting or welding the ends of the
members to a common plate (gusset plate)
by simply passing a large bolt or pin through each
members
Trusses are commonly employed in bridges,
towers and roof structures.
What is TRUSS????
Roof trusses plane trusses
Bridge trusses
Bridge trusses
Assumptions
Objective: to determine the forces developed
in the individual members by a set of
externally applied loads.
C P kN

L1 m
joint
joint
member

Member AB
A B
L2 m
Assumptions
1. The members are connected to each other at
their ends by frictionless pin
Only a force and no moment can be transferred from
one member to another
2. External loads are applied to the truss only at its
joints
3. The centroid axes of the members meeting at a
joint all intersect at a common point
The point where the members are assumed to be
pinned to one another
Assumptions

Force in the bar can produce


i. Compression : force tends to shorten the member

ii. Tension: force tends to elongate the member


Basic Concept
B

c
b

D
A C
a

P kN
Basic Concept
C

FAB
FAB,y c
b

FAB,x


A B

a
P kN
Basic Concept

FAB,y = FAB sin = FAB (b/c)

FAB
FAB,y

FAB,x
FAB,x = FAB cos = FAB (a/c)

A
Method of Analysis

1. Method of joints
2. Method of sections
3. Alternative @ simplified method
Method of Joint
Method of Joints
FAC C

A FAD
RA

A D B

RA RB
P kN
Method of Joints
C
FBC
FAC
C FCD
Compression
member
C
Tension
A member
D
FAC
FCD
FAD A D FAD FBD
A
D
RA
P kN
Example 1
Solution
Determine whether the truss is determinate or
indeterminate.
m=3
r=3
j=3
m+r =2j
3+3 = 2(3)
6 = 6 the truss is determinate and stable.
Example 2
Method of Section
Example 1
Solution
Example 3