You are on page 1of 27

# BFC 21403

STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

CHAPTER 2 :
STATICALLY DETERMINATE
PLANE TRUSSES
What is TRUSS????
A truss is a structure composed of slender
members joined together at their end points
(Hibbler, 2012)

## A truss is a system of relatively slender

members, arranged in the form of one or
more triangles, which transfer loads by
developing axial forces in its members
(Chajes, 1990)
What is TRUSS????
The joint connections
formed by bolting or welding the ends of the
members to a common plate (gusset plate)
by simply passing a large bolt or pin through each
members
Trusses are commonly employed in bridges,
towers and roof structures.
What is TRUSS????
Roof trusses plane trusses
Bridge trusses
Bridge trusses
Assumptions
Objective: to determine the forces developed
in the individual members by a set of
C P kN

L1 m
joint
joint
member

Member AB
A B
L2 m
Assumptions
1. The members are connected to each other at
their ends by frictionless pin
Only a force and no moment can be transferred from
one member to another
2. External loads are applied to the truss only at its
joints
3. The centroid axes of the members meeting at a
joint all intersect at a common point
The point where the members are assumed to be
pinned to one another
Assumptions

## Force in the bar can produce

i. Compression : force tends to shorten the member

Basic Concept
B

c
b

D
A C
a

P kN
Basic Concept
C

FAB
FAB,y c
b

FAB,x

A B

a
P kN
Basic Concept

## FAB,y = FAB sin = FAB (b/c)

FAB
FAB,y

FAB,x
FAB,x = FAB cos = FAB (a/c)

A
Method of Analysis

1. Method of joints
2. Method of sections
3. Alternative @ simplified method
Method of Joint
Method of Joints
FAC C

RA

A D B

RA RB
P kN
Method of Joints
C
FBC
FAC
C FCD
Compression
member
C
Tension
A member
D
FAC
FCD
A
D
RA
P kN
Example 1
Solution
Determine whether the truss is determinate or
indeterminate.
m=3
r=3
j=3
m+r =2j
3+3 = 2(3)
6 = 6 the truss is determinate and stable.
Example 2
Method of Section
Example 1
Solution
Example 3