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FIGURES OF

SPEECH
FIGURES OF SPEECH

CONNOTATIVE PRESENTATION OF WORDS


TO PRODUCE A LITERARY EFFECT
CLASSIFIED INTO FIGURES OF
COMPARISON, CONTRAST,
REPRESENTATION OR REFERENCE, ORDER,
OMISSION, ADDITION, SUBSTITUTION,
REPETITION AND ORDER
FIGURES OF COMPARISON

SIMILE
METAPHOR
ALLEGORY
FIGURES OF CONTRAST

OXYMORON
ANTITHESIS
PARADOX
IRONY
FIGURES OF REPRESENTATION
OR REFERENCE

METONYMY
SYNECDOCHE
ALLUSION
PERSONIFICATION
TRANSFERRED EPITHET
APOSTROPHE
FIGURES OF ORDER

CLIMAX
ANTICLIMAX
ANASTROPHE
HYPERBATON
INVERSION
METATHESIS
FIGURES OF OMISSION

ASYNDETON
APHAERESIS
SYNCOPE
APOCOPE
ELLIPSIS
SCESIS ONAMATON
ZEUGMA
ANAPODOTON
FIGURES OF SUBSTITUTION

ANTHIMERIA
ANTISTHECON
PERIPHRASIS
FIGURES OF SOUND

ALLITERATION
ONOMATOPOEIA
ASSONANCE
CONSONANCE
FIGURES OF REPETITION

ANTANACLASIS
ANAPHORA
EPISTROPHE
SYMPLOCE
FIGURES OF REPETITION

EPANALEPSIS
ANADIPLOSIS
ANTIMETABOLE
CHIASMUS
FIGURES OF REPETITION

ISOCOLON
PLEONASM
TAUTOLOGY
GEMINATION/ EPIZEUXIS
FIGURES OF ADDITION

PROTHESIS
EPENTHESIS
PARAGOGE
POLYSYNDETON
OTHER FIGURES

HYPERBOLE
LITOTES
PUN
FIGURES OF COMPARISON

SIMILE
DEFINITION A FIGURATIVE COMPARISON WITH THE USE OF LIKE OR
AS

EXAMPLE Life is like a game.


Your love is like the sun.
Your lips are as red as roses
FIGURES OF COMPARISON

METAPHOR
DEFINITION A FIGURATIVE COMPARISON WITHOUT THE USE OF LIKE
OR AS

EXAMPLE Life is a game.


Your lips are roses.
FIGURES OF COMPARISON

ALLEGORY
DEFINITION AN EXTENDED METAPHOR

EXAMPLE Life is a game.


Your lips are roses.
FIGURES OF CONTRAST

OXYMORON
DEFINITION JUXTAPOSITION OF TWO CONTRASTING WORDS

EXAMPLE Sound of silence


Blinding darkness
Living dead
FIGURES OF CONTRAST

ANTITHESIS
DEFINITION JUXTAPOSITION OF TWO CONTRASTING WORDS

EXAMPLE To err is human, to forgive is divine.


FIGURES OF CONTRAST

PARADOX
DEFINITION A SEEMINGLY SELF- CONTRADICTORY STATEMENT WHICH
CAN BE PROVEN TO BE TRUE

EXAMPLE The whole is greater than the sum of its parts.


The more you hate the more you love.
FIGURES OF CONTRAST

IRONY
DEFINITION A STATEMENT OF ONE IDEA, THE OPPOSITE OF WHICH IS
MEANT

EXAMPLE For Brutus is an honorable man.


Youre so lovely today; you look like Christmas tree.
FIGURES OF REPRESENTATION
OR REFERENCE

METONYMY
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF REPRESENTATION
OR REFERENCE

SYNECDOCHE
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF REPRESENTATION
OR REFERENCE

ALLUSION
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF REPRESENTATION
OR REFERENCE

PERSONIFICATION
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF REPRESENTATION
OR REFERENCE

TRANSFERRED EPITHET
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF REPRESENTATION
OR REFERENCE

APOSTROPHE
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF ORDER

CLIMAX
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF ORDER

ANTICLIMAX
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF ORDER

ANASTROPHE
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF ORDER

HYPERBATON
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF ORDER

INVERSION
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF ORDER

METATHESIS
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF OMISSION

ASYNDETON
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF OMISSION

APHAERISIS
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF OMISSION

APHAERISIS
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF OMISSION

SYNCOPE
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF OMISSION

APOCOPE
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF OMISSION

ELLIPSIS
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF OMISSION

SCESIS ONOMATON
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF OMISSION

ZEUGMA
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF OMISSION

ANAPODOTON
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF SUBSTITUTION

ANTHIMERIA
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF SUBSTITUTION

ANTISTHECON
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF SUBSTITUTION

PERIPHRASIS
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF SOUND

ALLITERATION
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF SOUND

ONOMATOPOEIA
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF SOUND

ASSONANCE
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF SOUND

CONSONANCE
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF REPETITION

ANTANACLASIS
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF REPETITION

ANAPHORA
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF REPETITION

EPISTROPHE
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF REPETITION

SYMPLOCE
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF REPETITION

EPANALEPSIS
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF REPETITION

ANADIPLOSIS
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF REPETITION

ANTIMETABOLE
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF REPETITION

CHIASMUS
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF REPETITION

ISOCOLON
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF REPETITION

PLEONASM
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF REPETITION

TAUTOLOGY
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF REPETITION

GEMINATION/EPIZEUXIS
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF ADDITION

PROTHESIS
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF ADDITION

EPENTHESIS
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF ADDITION

PARAGOGE
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
FIGURES OF ADDITION

POLYSYNDETON
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
OTHER FIGURES

HYPERBOLE
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
OTHER FIGURES

LITOTES
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
OTHER FIGURES

PUN
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE