Sie sind auf Seite 1von 59

STOMACH AND

INTESTINE

DAY I
JANET F. AUTOR
Bayan Luma II E/S
Bayan Luma VIII Imus, City
OBJECTIVE:
EXPLAIN THE FUNCTIONS OF STOMACH
AND INTESTINES IN DIGESTION.
FOOD FOR BREAKFAST
FOOD FOR LUNCH
FOOD FOR DINNER
a. What are the people in the picture
doing?
b. Why do we need food?
c. What will happen if we will not eat for a
day?
d. What do we usually eat during
breakfast? lunch? dinner?
e. What do you think will happen to the
food you have eaten as it gets inside your
mouth?
f. Are the food you have eaten directly
get inside the different parts of your
body?
g. What happens if we do not have
enough nutrients because we do not
eat?
HUNGRY PEOPLE
ACTIVITY no. 1
What to do:
1. Put the water in a clean reseal able plastic
bag.
2. Add the broken pieces of biscuits.
3. Add the flour.
4.Add the small pieces of any food
available.
5. Shake the reseal able plastic bag. Shake
until all are mixed well.
GUIDE QUESTIONS:
1. What happened to the biscuits, flour
and other food after shaking the
reseal able bag?
2. Have you eaten your meal today?
3. Where do you think will these foods
go after you swallowed it?
4. The stomach is similar to the bag in
your activity. How are they similar?
5. Will the food stay in the stomach for
a long time?
6. What will happen to the
food?
7. What happens after the food
is broken down into small
pieces?
ACTIVITY no. 2
What to do:
1. Mix black pepper and chili
powder in a cup with water.
2. Pour the mixture through a
paper towel into another cup.
GUIDE QUESTIONS
1. What went through the paper towel?
2. This event also occurs in our
intestines. Describe the materials that
went through the paper towel.
3. What will happen to the liquid
material?
4. What will happen to those that did
not went through the paper towel?
5. Which organ is similar to the paper
towel?
DIGESTION IN THE STOMACH
The food we eat gives us energy to work
and play.
Without food, the other parts of the body
like bones and muscles and the internal
organs do not have energy to function.
However, before our body can make use
of any food that is eaten, it must be
broken down into liquid form or into
smaller nutrients.
DIGESTION- is the process by
which food is broken down
into nutrients.
Digestion takes place as soon
as we start to chew our food.
The tongue, lips, and cheeks
move the food between the
teeth to break it down into
small pieces.
SALIVA- from the salivary glands
mixes with the food to soften it.
Saliva also kills bacteria and breaks
down starches into sugars.
So, digestion of starches starts in
the MOUTH.
Moist food from the MOUTH goes
down to stomach.
In the stomach, food is broken
down into smaller particles.
As the muscles contract and relax,
food in the stomach is squeezed,
twisted and churned.
While the food is being physically
changed in the stomach, digestive
enzymes and juices are also
combined to change in into
nutrients.
The process of digestion is both
mechanical and chemical.
The mechanical part breaks down food
into small its by chewing of food in the
mouth and squeezing of food particles
in the stomach.
The chemical part of digestion is the
mixing of food particles with chemicals
in the saliva and stomach which
changes it into nutrients that can be
absorbed by the body.
Further action of enzymes in the small
intestine completes the process of
chemical digestion.
Food stays in the stomach for four hours
until the food turns into a thick liquid.
The food that has been moistened,
chewed in the mouth and mixed with
chemicals or enzymes in the stomach
goes into your small intestine.
SMALL INTESTINE
The SMALL INTESTINE is about 2.5 cm
wide and 7 m long coiled tube where
food is finally digested and absorbed
The walls of the small intestine are
made of muscles that squeeze food and
continuously move it.
It contains digestive juices and other
enzymes that help break the food into
nutrients.
Thus, final digestion takes place in
the SMALL INTESTINE.
The nutrients are then absorbed by
the small intestines then go into
your blood stream.
The blood carries these nutrients
to the different parts of the body.
SMALL INTESTINE
QUESTIONS:

1. What is the function of stomach


in relation to digestion?
2. What about small intestine?
DO THIS:
1. List down names of foods that you
usually eat in school.
2. What part of the body changes the
food we eat before it will be readily
absorbed by our body cells?
3. What should be done to the food you
eat before it can e used by the body for
growth development and repair of
tissues?
EVALUATION:
Encircle the correct answer to the
following.
1. What does the food gives us?
a. energy b. work
c. play d. all of the
above
2. Where does digestion starts?
a. tongue b. teeth
c. saliva d. mouth
3. It mixes the food to soften it.
a. saliva b. teeth
c. mouth d. all of the above
4. It is a long coiled tube where food is finally
digested and absorbed.
a. muscle b. small intestine
c. mouth d. stomach
5. It is a process by which food is broken
down into pieces.
a. eating b. saliva
c. digestion d. small intestine
ASSIGNMENT
Cut or draw picture of digestive
system and label it. Put it in your
portfolio.
DAY 2
OBJECTIVES:

Identify the most common


problems and treatment
of the stomach and the
intestines.
QUESTION:
1.Why do you think is the
girl pressing her stomach?
2.What do you think are
possible causes why she
has stomach ache?
WHAT TO DO:
Ask you group mates who have
already suffered from the given
ailments or digestive problems in
the list. Then go around and ask
other groups of the number who
suffered the same problems. Fill
out the chart below.
GUIDE QUESTIONS
1. In your class, what is the most
common digestive problem?
2. What do you think are the common
problems related to eating dirty food?
3. What do you think are the common
problems related to drinking dirty
water?
4. What do you think are the common
ailments caused by tension and fear?
ACTIVITY no. 3
1. In your class what is the most
common digestive problem?
2. What are the common problems
related to eating dirty food?
3. What are common problems
related to drinking dirty water?
4. What ate common ailments
caused by tension and fear?
COMMON AILMENTS RELATED TO
DIGESTION
1. Ulcer/Hyperacidity- caused by
not eating on time, too much
intake of acidic drinks and food.
2. Diarrhea- frequent moving of the
bowel with watery stool.
3. Constipation- difficult elimination
of dry and hard stool or feces.
ULCER/HYPERACIDITY
DIARRHEA
CONSTIPATION
4. Appendicitis- inflammation of the
appendix caused by irritation from
undigested food that may block it.
5. Indigestion- caused by too much
or rapid eating or drinking.
6. Gastroenteritis- caused by
bacterial infection from taking
contaminated food and water.
APPENDICITIS
INDIGESTION
GASTROENTIRITIS
ACTIVITY NO.4
WHAT ARE THE TREATMENTS
FOR THE COMMON PROBLEMS
RELATED TO DIGESTION
1. What are common diseases related
to stomach and intestine?
2. What cause hyperacidity?
3. How can you prevent constipation?
4. Why should people suffering
diarrhea be given medication right
away?
5. What should be done to
avoid ailments related to
digestion?
6. What food are you going to
eat to keep your body
healthy?
Pretend like a doctor and let them
identify possible ailments and suggest
treatment on the following
symptoms.
1. The childs stool is soft and watery.
2. Ronie defecates once in 3 days.
3. Heartburn and gastric pain.
4. The boy goes to the toilet every an
hour.
5. The girl has a fever and severe pain
around bellybutton.
Heartburn
Gastric pain
COMMON AILMENTS REATED TO
DIGESTION
AILMENTS SYMPTOMS CAUSES TREATMENT
Ulcer/Hyperaci - Gastric pain -Not eating on -eat regularly
dity - -heartburn time and on time.
-too much - Avoid eating
intake of acidic acidic food.
drinks and food. - Avoid
drinking
liquor and
acidic drinks.
- Eat a
balanced
diet.
AILMENTS SYMPTOMS CAUSES TREATMENT

Diarrhea -stomach ache -infection in the -drink plenty of


-watery feces intestines by water and juices
- Severe cases microorganism to prevent from
lead to loss of -irregular loss of water in
water in the contraction of the body.
body. the intestines. - Eat soft food
- (dehydration) during the
onset of the
ailment.
- Proper hygiene
prevents the
disease.
- Proper
handling of
food.
AILMENTS SYPTOMS CAUSES TREATMNENT
Constipation -difficulty in bowel -lack of water and -drink plenty of
movement fiber in food taken. water and juice
(defecating) -improper bowel -eat plenty of fruits
-heaviness in the movements. and vegetables
stomach - Poor hygiene

Appendicitis -start with a mild - Inflammation of the - Get immediate


fever accompanied y appendix medical attention
vomiting or
constipation
-severe pain around
the bellybutton

Indigestion -discomfort/ pain in Overeating and - Change of eating


abdomen drinking habits or diet.
-vomiting, cramps -stress and anxiety - Observe proper
-contaminated health habits
food/water with
bacteria
AILMENTS SYMPTOMS CAUSES TREATMENT
Gastroenteritis Abdominal -bacterial Get medical
pain infection from attention and
accompanied taking take
by vomiting contaminated prescribed
and diarrhea food and medicine
water.
GUIDE QUESTIONS
1. What are the common diseases
related to stomach and intestine?
2. What causes hyperacidity/ulcer?
3. How can you prevent constipation?
4. Why should diarrhea be given
medication right away?
5. What should be done to avoid
different ailments related to
digestion?
REMEMBER THESE:
HEALTHY HABITS TO AVOID COMMON
PROBLEMS RELATED TO DIGESTION
1. Always wash hands with soap and water
before eating, and after using the toilet.
2. Always eat on time.
3. Eat plenty of food rich in fiber such as
fruits and vegetables.
4. Exercise daily and drink plenty of water.
EVALUATION:
1. Fill in the diagram. Discuss with your
group the causes and treatment to the
problem.
PROBLEM: Why are some children
infested with intestinal worms?

CAUSES:

TREATMENT:
2. What is indigestion?
What are the symptoms and
causes of indigestion?
How can it prevented or
treated?
ASSIGNMENT
Draw or print picture of kidneys.
Put it in your portfolio.
Thank
You!