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RULES ON

PUNCTUATION
MICHELLE OGATIS
ALFONS VITORILLO
ALEXANDER FAELDON
IVAN SALIGUMBA
MELGEN SARRA
FUNDAMENTAL RULES OF USAGE

The writer who neglects punctuation, or


mispunctuates, is liable to be misunderstood.
- Edgar Allan Poe
A woman
without her man
is nothing
A woman,
without her man,
is nothing.
A woman:
without her, man
is nothing.
PUNCTUATIONS
Objective:
- To use punctuation correctly and sparingly.
PUNCTUATIONS
Punctuation is the set of marks used to regulate
texts and clarify their meanings, principally by
separating or linking words, phrases, and clauses.
- Visual aids to help the reader to better
understand a written material.
- Guide the reader to the writers intent and
meaning.
PERIOD .
- The most common punctuation mark.
- One of the three terminal marks, together with the question mark
(?) and exclamation mark (!).

- Rules:
1. Used after a statement, command or request.
Example: The life of law has not been logic; it has been experience.

2. Used after an indirect question.

Example: The judge asked if I have other witnesses.


PERIOD .
3. Used after initials and most abbreviations.
Example: G.R. No.
Except in the abbreviation of well-known organizations.
SCRA UN ASEAN SC
*If an abbreviation with a period comes at the end of the
sentence, only one period is used.

4. Used to end a request or command courteously phrased


as a question when no reply is expected.
Example: Will you please tell your client to stop calling me at
night.
EXCLAMATION POINT !
Exclamation marks are almost never used in formal legal
writing as these marks suggest intense emotions.
Example: Hail mall voting for PWDs!
QUESTION MARK ?
Rules:
1. Direct questions end with the question mark.
Except indirect questions (they end with periods, not
question marks).
Example: Can there really be posting of bail based on
humanitarian grounds?

2. Sentences in declaratory form but which have


interrogatory meaning end with a question mark.
Example: Justice Leonens Dissent has more substance and
better argued?
QUESTION MARK ?
Rules:
3. Interrogatory tags after a declaratory sentence end with
question marks.
Example: We are now looking at the rebirth of the DAP, arent we?

4. Multiple interrogatory endings in a single sentence are each


followed by a question mark. The beginning letter following a multiple
ending is not capitalized.
Example: What are our specific bases for saying that the medical
condition of the accused entitles him to treatment different from all
those who are now under detention and undergoing trial for plunder? Is
it his advanced age? medical conditions? or his suffering from a unique
debilitating disease which cannot be accommodated by the best care
provided by our detention facilities or hospital or house arrest?
QUESTION MARK ?
Rules:
5. Use a question mark after a questioning word or
phrase within a sentence.
Example: Why, then, is the DAP being made an issue? the
President protested then.

6. Question marks are used to indicate uncertainty


about a word or fact that precedes it.
Example: On orders of the Chief of Dewata representing
the Chief of Mdang, because of his loyalty as a subject
(slave?) of the Chief, all the descendants of His Honor
Namwran have been cleared the whole debt that His
Honor owed the Chief of Mdang.
COMMA ,
What Is a Comma?

While a period ends a sentence, a comma indicates a smaller


break. Some writers think of a comma as a soft pausea
punctuation mark that separates words, clauses, or ideas
within a sentence.

Two uses:
1. Single comma (used to separate)
2. Double commas (set-off clauses)
COMMA ,
Rules:
1. Comma with independent clauses
General rule: Put a comma before the second clause in compound
sentences.

Comma separates independent clauses joined by coordinating


conjunctions: and, but, or, nor, and for. The comma is placed before
the conjunction to form compound sentences.
Note: Rule is used in longer compound sentences (longer than about
four words use the comma) but not in short compound sentences.

Exception: Where the compact main clauses have the same subject,
avoid the comma if the subject is not expressed in the second clause or
in short compound sentences.