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WATER SUPPLY AND

SEWERAGE

Sara Noor Binti Mohammad Salim 2015837042


Nur Amyra Binti Naaim 2015228946
Nur Amera Binti Mohd Yusof 2015831802
FEDERAL

Indah Water Konsortium is Malaysia's national sewerage


company.
What did they do?
Developing and maintaining a modern and efficient sewerage system
for all Malaysians.
their mission is to provide excellent, efficient, and innovative services
for safe and sustainable water and environment
Covering all local authorities except the States of Kelantan,
Sabah, Sarawak, Majlis Bandaraya Johor Bahru and Majlis
Perbandaran Pasir Gudang.
4 Dec 2016, they came out with a tagline saying We clean
the unseen
When he was asked about the cases of blockages in the
system that IWK has to deal with?
And his answer was the number is increasing every year, but IWK
has been given the mandate to manage the countrys sewerage
system and it is considered as a public asset. But if you abuse the
system, you are the one to suffer. We work 24 hours a day and
seven days a week, but if the sewage overflows because of
blockages at say 8pm, you have to bear with it. We cant repair it at
night. This is because of safety measures. There is methane gas in
the system and it can lead to explosions and people can die. People
fail to realise the safety measures we have to take. People dont
understand. There should only be liquid and not solids (in the
system).
Department of Irrigation and Drainage (DID)
or Jabatan Pengairan dan Saliran (JPS)

What did they do?


They did all works in connection with drainage and
irrigation

The number of State Departments is thirteen


Background:
1930: Rice Cultivation Committee is established
1932: DID is established
1963: Additional States in Sabah and Sarawak
1971: New added function (Flood mitigation and hydrology)
1986: New added function (Coastal engineering)
1990: River Engineering Division is established

Today, the DID's duties encompass :


River Basin Management and Coastal Zone
Water Resources Management and Hydrology
Special Projects
Flood Management
Eco-friendly Drainage
AKTA KUALITI ALAM SEKELILING 1974
(AKTA 127)

Environmental Quality Act 1974 is a sign of commitment of


Malaysian towards nature.
This Act is related to:
The prevention, abatement, control of pollution and enhancement of
the environment.
Deals with the administration of the environment and towards the
achievement of the national environmental policy.
The Act provides specific provisions with respect to licences,
prohibition and control of pollution, appeal, delegation of powers and
to make regulations for with respect to any matters to the
environment.
LOCAL AUTHORIT Y

I. SYABAS
SYABAS is a Selangor government -linked company which is
responsible for of fering water supply services in Selangor and
Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya.
SYABAS was established on 8 July 1996 under the Companies
Act 1965.
In 2009, an average production was 3,922.13 millions liters
per day (JLH) while in January 2010 the average water
production was 4,062.94 millions liters per day.
It is necessary to provide suf ficient reserves ( rizab) to meet
conditions such as peak requirements, stop operations of
water treatment plants due to pollution of water resources,
power supply disruptions, extraordinary drought or ruptured
pipe events (20%)
II.Jabatan Air Negeri Sabah (JANS)
The Sabah Water Department (JANS) is a State
Government agency under the Ministry of
Infrastructure Development (KPI).
Currently, JANS performs functions under the Sabah
Water Supply Enactment 2003 to control and
regulate the supply and distribution of treated
water to the people of Sabah.
There are 73 water treatment plants operating
throughout Sabah with an average production of
1.19 billion liters of water a day to meet the needs
of the people in the state.
II. Jabatan Bekalan Air Luar Bandar Sarawak (JBALB)
The water supply system for Sarawak was first governed by
Jabatan Kerja Raya (JKR) Sarawak since 1882 which was then
changed to Jabatan Bekalan Air Luar Bandar (JBALB).

1 st September 2015, Jabatan Bekalan Air Luar Bandar


(JBALB), formerly JKR Water Supply Authorities, was launched.

JBALB Sarawak was established to ensure the provision of


potable and safe water supply to the required standard and
quality and which are adequate, af fordable and reliable.
The functions of JBALB Sarawak:
Planning, design and development of raw water source
and water supply system.
Manage, operate and maintenance of water supply
systems.
Planning, development and extension of clean and
quality water supply to rural areas.
Assisting the State Water Authority in administration
and enforcement of the Water Ordinance, Water Supply
Regulations and related licensing provision in the State.
The enforcement of JBALB was under the Water Ordinance
1994.

Water Ordinance 1994 is to regulate the conservation,


protection, development and management of water resources
of the State and the supply and distribution of water.
REGULATIONS

Water Services Industry Act 2006

It is an Act to provide and regulate water supply services and


sewerage services .

It is for the purpose of uniformity of law and policy for proper


control of water supply services and sewerage services
throughout Peninsular Malaysia and the Federal Territories of
Putrajaya and Labuan.

From this act, Suruhanjaya Perkhidmatan Air Negara (SPAN)


was enforced to regulate the water service industry starting
from 1 January 2008.
LAW ADMINISTRATION AND REVISION

I. ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
It is the body of law that governs the activities of administrative agencies of
government.
The federal laws which were adopted by the state governments are enforceable
by the local authorities.
It is considered a branch of public law and often referred to as regulatory law.
Example of laws such as Water Ordinance 1994 and Water Service Industry Act
2006.

II. LAW REVISION


Law revision is needed to facilitate the administration of justice, the enforcement
of law and order and management of the public and private sector.
It is normally done when the regime of laws have become untidy and inaccessible
for citizen, lawyers due to years of diverse amendment of legislation.
Construction laws and other related legislation are revised and updated as per
requirement from the industry (no specific time), meanwhile Malaysian Standards
(MS) are normally revised every 5 years.
CODE ADOPTION AND EVOLUTION

The Uniform Building By Law 1984 (UBBL 1984) is a


subsidiary law under the Street Drainage and Building Act
1974 (Act 133).
Building Bye laws are the rules and regulations set forth by
the concerned government authorities and updated time to
time.
Act 133 is gazetted by Federal Government
UBBL 1984 is gazetted by State Government
Functions?
These regulations guides us about what to construct, how and where.
Government and non government authorities have to work according
to the building by laws applicable in there locale .
For example, developments in Kuala Lumpur are
being governed by UBBL 1984 gazetted by the
Ministry of Federal territory which plays the role as a
State Government in comparison to Majlis Bandaraya
Shah Alam which enforces UBBL 1984 gazetted by
the state of Selangor.
UBBL Scope: structural safety, fire safety, health
requirements, noise mitigation etc.
Authorities requirements vary from project to
project and place to place.
Project Manager needs to be aware of the
departments involved, its submission requirements,
activity flow procedures, etc