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Emotional/

Behavioral
Disorders
(EBD)
Erika Maxson

https://www.thoughtco.com/behavioral-and-emotional-disorders-3110677
What is it?
Emotional disturbance (IDEA definition)
I. A condition exhibiting one or more of the following characteristics over a long period of
time and to a marked degree that adversely affects educational performance:
A. An inability to learn that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors;
B. An inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers;
C. Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances;
D. A general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression; or
E. A tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems.

II. The term does not include children that are socially maladjusted, unless it is determined
that they are seriously emotionally disturbed.

Hardman, M. L., Drew, C. J., & Egan, M. W. (2015). Human exceptionality: School, community, and family. Boston, Mass: Cengage Learning
Characteristics
average - below average intelligence
difficulty relating to peers, teachers, parents, etc.
difficulty sharing and apologizing
underdeveloped skills in problem-solving, self control, negotiating, and
acceptable reactions
language deficits
extreme fear of being embarrassed
* Mood Disorders

* episodes of manic behavior


* excessive guilt or feelings of worthlessness
* suicidal thoughts
* destructive rages

Hardman, M. L., Drew, C. J., & Egan, M. W. (2015). Human exceptionality: School, community, and family. Boston, Mass: Cengage Learning
https://www.saglikuzmanlari.com/bebek-ve-cocuk-sagligi/2-yas-sendromu-videolu-anlatim.html
Classifications
Statistically Derived Classification System
1. Externalizing behaviors: disruptive, hyperactive
and aggressive behaviors directed at others.
5:1 ratio in males to females

2. Internalizing behaviors: withdraw, depression,


shyness and phobias directed at the self.
2:1 ratio in males to females

Hardman, M. L., Drew, C. J., & Egan, M. W. (2015). Human exceptionality: School, community, and family. Boston, Mass: Cengage Learning
https://depression.newlifeoutlook.com/recognizing-and-treating-depression-in-children/
http://xnet.ynet.co.il/family/articles/0,14566,L-3096993,00.html
Classifications
Clinically Derived Classification System
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM-5

Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Rumination disorder


Disorder (ADHD) Tic disorders
Oppositional defiant disorder Elimination disorders
Intermittent explosive disorder Anxiety disorders
Conduct disorder Selective mutism
Pica Reactive attachment disorder
Anorexia nervosa Childhood schizophrenia
Bulimia nervosa

Hardman, M. L., Drew, C. J., & Egan, M. W. (2015). Human exceptionality: School, community, and family. Boston, Mass: Cengage Learning
Causes of EBD
*There is no single identified cause for Emotional and
Behavioral Disorders.

Historically- Possessed by evil spirits


Proposed Causes
Family and home environment
Genetic difference

http://aprilmh0315.blogspot.com
Hardman, M. L., Drew, C. J., & Egan, M. W. (2015). Human exceptionality: School, community, and family. Boston, Mass: Cengage Learning
Interventions
Screening
Systematic Screening for Behavior
Disorders (SSBD)

Pre-referral Intervention Strategies


Positive Behavior Support (PBS)
Response to Intervention (RtI)

Intervention
Data-based Individualization (DBI)

Hardman, M. L., Drew, C. J., & Egan, M. W. (2015). Human exceptionality: School, community, and family. Boston, Mass: Cengage Learning

http://www.pearsoned.com/education-blog/critical-education-program-components-students-ebd/
Article Analysis
Maggin, D., Wehby, J. & Gilmour, A. (2016) Intensive Academic
Interventions for Students with Emotional and
Behavioral Disorders: An Experimental Framework.
Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders. 24 (3). 138-
147.

Data-based Individualization: a process for developing


intensive instructional and behavioral interventions to
address the specific needs and characteristics of
students who are not responding to secondary
interventions.

http://www.intensiveintervention.org
Article Analysis Continued
Method: Study Identification
Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) & PsychINFO
Ancestral Research of Reference Lists
Citation Lists of relevant articles

22 Articles
79 students
5-12 years old (1st-7th grade)
63% male
33% with a formal disability
School environment
Targeted reading fluency

Results: Generally Positive!


85% of students showed improvement based on the most effective intervention
identified by DBI.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D933-ImDasI#action=share
Comments
or
Questions?
References
Hardman, M. L., Drew, C. J., & Egan, M. W. (2015). Human exceptionality: School, community, and family. Boston, Mass:
Cengage Learning

Maggin, D., Wehby, J. & Gilmour, A. (2016) Intensive Academic Interventions for Students with Emotional and Behavioral
Disorders: An Experimental Framework. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders. 24 (3). 138-147.

Pictures

https://www.saglikuzmanlari.com/bebek-ve-cocuk-sagligi/2-yas-sendromu-videolu-anlatim.html

https://depression.newlifeoutlook.com/recognizing-and-treating-depression-in-children/

http://xnet.ynet.co.il/family/articles/0,14566,L-3096993,00.html

http://aprilmh0315.blogspot.com

http://www.pearsoned.com/education-blog/critical-education-program-components-students-ebd/

http://www.intensiveintervention.org

Video

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D933-ImDasI#action=share