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Challenges (capacity of carbon sinks)

The biological pump is sensitive to disturbances. Consequently, it can


be destabilized and re-emit carbon into the atmosphere. The physical
pump acts on another time-scale. It is less sensitive to disturbances
but it is affected on a long-term basis. Once the machine is activated,
it will be difficult to stop it. This carbon can then be stored in the
Deep Sea for long geological periods.
Reforestation- the forested land is too hard to be found as the
development activities increased. Highly cost.
Challenges (renewable energy source)
reliability of supply - often relies on the weather for its source of
power.
The current cost of renewable energy technology is also far in excess
of traditional fossil fuel generation. This is because it is a new
technology and as such has extremely large capital cost.
Challenges (adaption)
Greatest challenges to human especially for the poor countries.
High temperature will damage the corps and eventually all the food
source will decrease and this will lead to death because of hunger.
People also can be affected by the extreme heatwaves.
Some of the ways global warming negatively affects human health
include speeding the spread of infectious diseases such as malaria
and dengue fever; creating conditions that lead to potentially fatal
malnutrition and diarrhea.
Challenges (Solar Radiation Management,
SRM)
Local imbalances in radiative forcing could still lead to regional
climate shifts.
For the injection of sulfate aerosols, the potential for increased
concentrations of stratospheric aerosols to enhance the ability of
residual chlorine, left from the legacy of chlorofluorocarbon use, to
damage the ozone layer, especially in the early spring months at high
latitudes.
Sulfate aerosol injection also could decrease rainfall in the Asian and
African monsoons, thereby affecting food supplies.
Challenges (Carbon Dioxide Removal, CDR)
Highly cost.
Reduction in nitrous oxide emissions is not universal and emissions even
increase sometimes.
Fine ash associated with biochar is the perfect source for dust, posing a risk
for respiratory diseases.
Long-term removal of crop residues, like stems, leaves and seed pods, to be
used for production of biochar also can reduce overall soil health.
Massive areas of the ocean are needed to make it worth it and at least
200,000 tons of iron will be required to restore the lost algae species.
Increase algae species that give rise to red tides and other toxic acids
Increase number of phytoplankton that will produce toxic levels of domoic
acid which kills some aquatic animals due to imbalances.