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18-02-2014

SEMINAR REPORT ON
GAS INSULATED
TRANSFORMER

Submitted By:-
CHANDAN KUMAR SINHA
[1222004]

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
(POWER SYSTEM)

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY PATNA


SF6 GAS INSULATED
18-02-2014
TRANSFORMER
EMPLOYS SF6 GAS
INSTEAD OF THE
CONVENTIONAL OIL
BOTH AS AN
INSULATING AND
COOLING AGENT.

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY PATNA


18-02-2014
CONTENTS
SF6 ---AN OVERVIEW
GAS PROPERTIES
APPLICATIONS OF A GAS INSULATED
TRANSFORMER(GIT)
FEATURES OF A GIT
LAYOUT
COOLING APPARATUS OF A GAS
INSULATED TRANSFORMER
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN OIT $ GIT
CONCLUSION

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY PATNA


18-02-2014
SF6 AN OVERVIEW
SF6 or sulfur hexafluoride gas molecules are
combined by one sulfur and six fluorine atoms

S + 3F2 = SF6 + 262 KCal.


Each sulphur atom in SF6 molecule creates covalent
bond with 6 fluorine atoms.

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY PATNA


18-02-2014
SF6 GAS PROPERTIES

It is colourless, odourless, nonflammable, non-


corrosive and chemically stable.
High dielectric strength.
Quenches arc effectively and has excellent cooling
properties.
Good thermal conductivity and excellent thermal
stability.
Its eco-friendly and not poisonous.
It can be recycled.

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY PATNA


APPLICATIONS OF SF6 GAS
18-02-2014
INSULATED TRANSFORMER
Hospitals, underground shopping centers,
substations where a high level of fire safety is
required.
Water treatment plants and hydroelectric
power plants where waterways must be kept
unpolluted.
Thermal power plants, chemical plants, public
works facilities etc where high reliability is
required.

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY PATNA


FEATURES OF A GAS
18-02-2014
INSULATED TRANSFORMER
Highly flame resistant and non explosive.
High resistance to moisture.
Reduced installation space.
High reliability.
Causes no pollution.
Explosion proof tank.
Easy inspection and maintenance work.

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY PATNA


LAYOUT OF A GAS
18-02-2014 INSULATED TRANSFORMER

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY PATNA


Difference between oil immersed
transformer and gas insulated
18-02-2014
transformer
Oil immersed Gas insulated
transformer transformer

Insulation/cooling Insulating oil SF6 gas(Pressure 0.14


or 0.43MPa-g(20))

Solid Insulation Oil Impregnated Paper, PET Film,PPS Film,


Material Pressboard Aramide Paper,
Pressboard
Conservator Necessary Unnecessary

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY PATNA


18-02-2014
Pressure rise on internal fault
Significant tank pressure increases do not occur
during internal failures due to the Gas
characteristics.
The risk of a tank explosion or fire incident can
be completely eliminated.

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY PATNA


18-02-2014
COOLING APPATARTUS

Employs a cooling
medium in liquid phase
such as a Refrigerant
R113 otherwise known as
Trifluorotrichloroethane
or C2F3Cl3.
SF6 gas is obviously used
as the second cooling
medium.

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY PATNA


18-02-2014
CONCLUSION
Incessant research and continuous developments
have made construction of large capacity gas
insulated transformer possible.
With the eco-friendly aspects of SF6 gas and
considering the huge advantages of the gas, long
strides can be made in this regard to further utilize
it and increase the efficiency of the transformer
and making the power system more reliable and
safer.

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY PATNA


18-02-2014 REFERENCE
http://www.electrical4u.com/sulfur-hexafluoride-
sf6-gas-properties/
http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/refrigerants-
d_902.html
https://www.toshiba.com/ind/data/tag_files/GIT_
Brochure.pdf

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY PATNA


18-02-2014

Thank you

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY PATNA