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Socialist Republic of Vietnam
The Emergence of Communism

Indochinese Communist Party later unified by Ho Chi Minh (a Indochinese

Annamese Communist Party commitern) into the the
changed its name in
Vietnamese Communist Party Party (ICP)
Indochinese Communist Union 1930

The Indochinese Communist Party

+ formed Viet Minh to seek
Vietnamese Nationalist or other impendence for Vietnam
Vietnamese nationalist parties

1) to against French imperialism, feudalism and the Vietnamese reactionary capitalist class
3 MAIN 2) to establish Vietnam, an independent country as a whole
GOALS 3) to establish a government made up of workers, peasants and the military.
The Separation of North and South Vietnam

North Vietnam South Vietnam

(Democratic Republic (Republic of
of Vietnam Vietnam)
Hanoi Saigon
Communist Regime : Anti- Communist
Allied with Soviet Regime :
Union and China Allied with US and
Western Block
Ho Chi Minh Ngô Đình Diệm
Vietnam War
(Second Indochina War) US Army helicopters
1954-1975 fire into the trees to
provide air cover for
South Vietnamese
troops on the ground
as they attack a Viet
Cong camp near the
Cambodian border.

Children also
witnessed horrific
violence in Vietnam.
In this photo, children
on their way home
from school pass the
bodies of dead Viet
Cong soldiers.
The Napalm Girl

You may not know her name, but you know her picture. Kim Phuc was 9 years old when the South
Vietnamese military accidentally dropped napalm on civilians.
National Day of Vietnam
(Reunification Day)
• The Fall of Saigon
• on April 30, 1975
• was the start of the transition period toward reunification of
both communist North and anti-communist South as the
Communist North conquered the South in 1975
• on July 2, 1976, the the Republic of Vietnam (South
Vietnam) and Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North
Vietnam) merged to form the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
The Effect of Communism
• in politics
• in economy
• in social
In Politics
• totalitarian state with one-party system leads by the Communist Party of Vietnam.
• in the Constitution of The Socialist Republic of Vietnam in Article 4, where it is stated that the
Communist Party of Vietnam is the only legally recognized political party in Vietnam.
• It simply shows that the Communist Party of Vietnam plays a significant role in representing the
working class, labourers and the whole nation influenced by the Marxist-Leninist ideology along
with Ho Chi Min’s believes in governing the state of Vietnam.
• Government uses coercion and threats of violence to remain in power
• reigning and controlling every aspects of freedom through terror and propaganda.
• current features of the political system like corruption, lack of transparency and ineffective
governance, the presence of political violence or the absence of a truly free and democratic press
most likeably happens in a governmet with no opposition to provide check and balance.
In Economy
In Social

According to Freedom House 2015

Freedom of expression Associational and Personal Autonomy and

and beliefs Organizational Rights Individual Rights
4 / 16 1 / 12 8 / 16