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Sessions 5 Breakout
Group Discussion
1. Serious impediments
• Lack of purchasing power by the poor
• No substitutes for rice/No consumption
diversification (due to lack of education)
• Lack of infrastructure (e.g. warehouse)
• Low supply of food items
• Lack of government support
• Lack of food safety standards (including across
• Governance (politics/corruption)
2. Policies, institutional
arrangements, and innovations
• Provide public goods (e.g., gov’t interventions to
food distribution)
• Private sector participation/PPP/investment
• Food localization (i.e., eat what you produce)
• Budget decentralization
• Food safety standardization (through school
3.A Constraints
• Market distortions (e.g., subsidies, trade
• Mindset (i.e., people stick to what they have
been eating or habit formation)
• Political constraints (i.e., food policies are often
politically charged)
• Lack of budget
• Lack of extension services (and trainers)
• Corruption/governance
3.B.1 Short-term steps

• Disseminate price data for market transactions

• Provide input subsidy directly
• Promotion of food out of rice
• School education on food safety/nutrition
3.B.2 Short- and medium-term
• Farmers training
• Local community-based management/bottom up
food program from local to national (e.g.,
investment for distribution)
• Encourage investment in “acceptable areas” by
local population/Identify new products at local
3.B.3 Medium-term steps

• Risk-management schemes (e.g., crop insurance,

guarantees, seed bank, etc.)
• Capacity development outside of rice
• Infrastructure
• Agricultural cooperatives to be an integral part of
food supply chain (like Japan Agriculture)
Group 2