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Theory and Practice

[VERB] + s/es in third person
• You speak English.
• Do you speak English?
• You do not speak English.
• She speaks English.
• Does she speak English?
• She does not speak English.
USE 1 Repeated Actions

• Use the Simple Present • Examples:

to express the idea that • I play tennis.
an action is repeated or • She does not play tennis.
usual. The action can be • Does he play tennis?
• The train leaves every morning at
a habit, a hobby, a daily 8 AM.
event, a scheduled event • The train does not leave at 9 AM.
or something that often • When does the train usually
happens. It can also be leave?
something a person often • She always forgets her purse.
forgets or usually does • He never forgets his wallet.
not do. • Every twelve months, the Earth
circles the Sun.
• Does the Sun circle the Earth?
USE 2 Facts or Generalizations

• The Simple Present can • Cats like milk.

also indicate the speaker • Birds do not like milk.
believes that a fact was • Do pigs like milk?
true before, is true now,
and will be true in the • California is in America.
future. It is not important • California is not in the
if the speaker is correct United Kingdom.
about the fact. It is also • Windows are made of
used to make glass.
generalizations about • Windows are not made
people or things. of wood.
• New York is a small city.
It is not important that this
fact is untrue.
USE 3 Scheduled Events
• Speakers occasionally • The train leaves tonight
use Simple Present to at 6 PM.
talk about scheduled • The bus does not arrive
events in the near future. at 11 AM, it arrives at 11
This is most commonly PM.
done when talking about • When does Cora open
public transportation, but on Sunday?
it can be used with other
scheduled events as well. • The party starts at 8
• When does class begin

• Adverbs such as: Examples:

always, only, never, – She always takes
ever, still, just, etc. sugar in coffee.
are used with Simple – Do you only speak
Present. English?
– I never drink red wine.
– They still work in
• Once a week, I send a report. Active
• Once a week, a report is sent by Tom.
Passive (to be sent= a fi trimis)
Present Continuous

Theory and Practice

[am/is/are + present participle]
• You are watching TV.
• Are you watching TV?
• You are not watching TV.
USE 1 Now
• The Present Continuous • Examples:
is used to express the • You are learning English
idea that something is now.
happening (or is not) now, • You are not swimming
at this very moment. now.
• Are you sleeping?
• Is he sitting or
• What are you doing?
• Why aren't you doing
your homework?
USE 2 Longer Actions in Progress Now

• In English, "now" can mean: • I am studying to become a

today, this week/month/ year/ doctor.
century, and so on. • I am not studying to become a
• Are you working on any
special projects at work?
• Aren't you teaching at the
university now?
USE 3 Near Future

• Sometimes, speakers use the • Examples:

Present Continuous to indicate • I am meeting some friends
that something will or will not after work.
happen in the near future. • I am not going to the party
• Is he visiting his parents next
• Isn't he coming with us
Repetition and Irritation with
• The Present Continuous • Examples:
with words such as • She is always coming to
"always" or "constantly" class late.
expresses the idea that • He is constantly talking.
something irritating or I wish he would shut up.
shocking often happens.
Notice that the meaning • I don't like them because
is like Simple Present, but they are always
with negative emotion. complaining.
Remember to put the
words "always" or
"constantly" between "be"
and "verb+ing."
Non-Continuous Verbs cannot be
used in any continuous tenses.
• To love, to hate
• To see, to feel, to taste
• To perceive, to notice
• To possess, to own, to cost
Verb Tense Exercise 1
Simple Present / Present Continuous

• Using the words in parentheses, complete the text below with the
appropriate tenses:

• 1. Every Monday, Sally (drive) her kids to football practice.

• 2. Usually, I (work) as a secretary at ABT, but this summer I (study)

French at a language school in Paris. That is why I am in Paris.

• 3. Shhhhh! Be quiet! John (sleep) .

• 4. Don't forget to take your umbrella. It (rain) .

• 5. I hate living in Seattle because it (rain, always) .

6. I'm sorry I can't hear what you (say) because everybody (talk) so

7. Justin (write, currently) a book about his adventures in Tibet. I

hope he can find a good publisher when he is finished.

8. Jim: Do you want to come over for dinner tonight?

Denise: Oh, I'm sorry, I can't. I (go) to a movie tonight with some

9. The business cards (be, normally ) printed by a company in New

York. Their prices (be) inexpensive, yet the quality of their work is
quite good.

10. This delicious chocolate (be) made by a small chocolatier in Zurich,