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Pneumatic Schematics

Using Graphic Symbols to


Illustrate Basic Circuit Designs
Pneumatic Components

Regulator

3/2 Solenoid
Valve

Single Acting Pull Type Cylinder and


Speed Valve
Pneumatic Component
Symbols

Regulator 3/2 Solenoid


Valve

Single Acting Pull Type


Cylinder and Speed Valve
The Symbols Can Be Arranged to Illustrate
Complete Circuits
Double Acting
Cylinder
HP Gage

HPA
Storage
Bottle

4/2 Valve
Regulator

LP Gage
Valve Body 5/2 Solenoid Valve
Note: The center
port with the brass
One Touch Fitting is
the supply or
pressure port.
Solenoid
A B

5/2 Solenoid Valve


Symbol
EA P EB
5/3 Solenoid Valve
Used on Double Acting Cylinders
The Solenoid Operates Like a Linear Pneumatic Motor

1.) Wire coil (red) is energized 3.) The valve spool (green) moves with
the iron armature
Solenoid B A

Valve Spool
EB P EA
2.) The electromagnetic field, draws the iron Springs return valve
armature (blue) into the solenoid spool to rest position
A B

5/2 Valve
5 Ports 2 Positions
EA P EB

Can You Explain the Difference?


B A

5/3 Valve
5 Ports 3 Positions
Actuation Method EB P EA
Center Position
Pictorial Drawing of a 5/3 Valve and
Double Acting Cylinder

Note: At Rest, Ports A and B B A


are Exhausted P is Closed

EB P EA
Mini Pneumatic Circuits
Pressurized Storage Bottle

Regulator

3/2
Valves

Pneumatic Cylinders with


Speed Valves
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11
12
13
14
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
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DIRECTIONAL VALVES (CONTINUED)

Directional valves receive signals from a control device and direct power to the
actuators. They may also provide an exhaust function while at rest. Function of the
valves must be matched to the purpose of the actuator and the job to be performed.
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DIRECTIONAL VALVES (CONTINUED)

IDENTIFICATION OF PORTS
1 = pressure inlet port
2 and 4 = actuator ports
3 and 5 = exhaust ports
14 = piloting, control function
[connecting pressure
port (1) with
actuator port (4)]
12 = piloting, return function
[connecting pressure
port (1) with
actuator port (2)]
DIRECTIONAL VALVES (CONTINUED)

The 5/2 Directional Valve provides power to the actuator and an exhaust function as it alternates
between positions. Flow ratings for the directional valve must be chosen to accommodate the
size and desired speed of the actuator.
Here, use source port of 5/2 valve as exhaust ports.
This method use to save compressed air.
Tow flow control valve to give different speed to cylinder according to need
(selection) 32
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Two advantages of using an air spring instead of a mechanical spring in a
cylinder are:

(1) a shorter overall cylinder length

(2) the air spring has a constant tension throughout the entire stroke.

(3) An air spring circuit also saves in air consumption over a standard double
acting circuit.

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Limit valve 2
Limit valve 1

Sequencing can be accomplished using


a sequence valve,
a time delay circuit,
or event-based sequencing. 35
1. Cylinder 1 Extend.
2. Cylinder 2 extend
3. Cylinder 2 retract and while cylinder 1 retract.
4. Finish operation.

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Electric Circuit

1. Cylinder 1 Extend.
2. Cylinder 2 extend while cylinder 1 retract.
3. Cylinder 2 retract.
4. Finish operation.

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Extend

Retract

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Automatic retraction
Extension

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Two Step speed Control System

High Q Low Q

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Two Handed Safety Control system

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Declaration Air cushion of Cylinder

Each position make


movement and cushion in other side
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Extension
Retraction

Automatic operation circuit 45


Extend Cylinder. 1 , then Cylinder 2 Retract Cylinder2, then Cylinder 1

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