Sie sind auf Seite 1von 14

MH7101 – CONTEMPORARY PROCESSES IN ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN - I

GUGGENHEIM MUSEUM, BILBAO


STUDY OF CONTEMPORARY DESIGN PROCESS & ITS RELATION TO COMPUTATION

Raghavendran.M - M.Arch - sem-01 - Ist year - SIGMA college of architecture - Anna University
Type of Computational Architecture
Topological architecture

 The defining element of the topological


architecture is its the extensive use of
topological, “rubber-sheet” geometry of
continuous curves and surfaces,
mathematically described as NURBS – (Non-
Uniform Rational B-Spline curves and surfaces).

 In the topological space,


geometry is represented not by
implicit equations, but by parametric
functions, which describe a range of
possibilities.

 The shape of a NURBS curve or


surface is controlled by manipulating
the location of control points, weights,
and knots. Any number of different
curves and surfaces could be produced
by changing these control points.
Ref: http://architecturalmoleskine.blogspot.in/2012/08/f-gehry-guggenheim-museum-bilbao.html
ABOUT BILBAO
 Bilbao, the largest city in the Basque country, flanked by green hills, spreads along the Nervion River
valley, crawling and twisting into an estuary that finally meets Cantabrian Sea.
 This Natural Topography acted as an inspiration to his computational architecture.
 The idea is to enhance the organic & dynamic nature of the settlement. More over, it became a catalyst
for the urban and economic renewal of the city familiarly known as "the Bilbao effect."

Ref: http://architecturalmoleskine.blogspot.in/2012/08/f-gehry-guggenheim-museum-bilbao.html
LOCATION

 Located on a bend of the river


and in a lower level than the rest
of the city, it was an elongated
area extending slightly below the
Bridge.

 Gehry tried to involve the project


within a larger urban scheme,
revitalizing the waterfront, exploring
the places from where better views
could be enjoyed and those where
the museum should have a more
modest scale.
 Using a pond in front of the
museum, the architect reflects the
adjacent waterfront, and using the
circulation in a theatrical and dynamic
way, gives the impression that the
river reaches the edge of the building.
Ref: http://architecturalmoleskine.blogspot.in/2012/08/f-gehry-guggenheim-museum-bilbao.html
ABOUT THE BUILDING’S FORM
 Towards the river, the most dynamic metal elements express
the fluidity of water, elements of nature (like a flower), figures of
boats and even representations of fish.
 Gehry used a rich repertory of materials and languages,
alternating stone, glass and metal in a studied composition that
produces different sensations from different places.
 There is a glass wall, built upon a metal structure. In front of
that glass wall there is a large cylindrical column supporting a
vaulted roof. (from WEST) a group of box
shaped volumes coated in stone.

 A metallic volume of horizontal proportions


seems to float over them.
 It is followed by another dramatic volume
similar to the bow of a boat.
Ref: http://architecturalmoleskine.blogspot.in/2012/08/f-gehry-guggenheim-museum-bilbao.html
URBAN CONCEPT
 A different sensation is experienced if
coming from the city, while the metal
forms are clearly distinguishable from
the narrow traditional streets.
 As approached the urban scale change
and becomes less monumental, and we
are received by stone volumes,
whose rectangular windows dialogue
with the other surrounding buildings.
 The entrance is almost hidden, sunk
respect to the street level, which is
reached after descending a wide staircase.

Ref: http://architecturalmoleskine.blogspot.in/2012/08/f-gehry-guggenheim-museum-bilbao.html
ARCHITECTURE
 The museum's design process was very
complicated and in many respects innovative.

 Gehry's team pioneered the use of CATIA


(a software used in the airplane industry) in
order to generate 3-D volumes of the building
and calculate its materials and cost estimate.

 The program was used in both the design


as well as the construction of many building
elements and finishing details.

 No single element is repeated (particularly


the titanium plates).

Sculptural forms are achieved by means


of a structural steel frame which is
covered with metal plates, hence the
theatrical, and dynamic nature that has
characterized Gehry's works.

Ref: http://architecturalmoleskine.blogspot.in/2012/08/f-gehry-guggenheim-museum-bilbao.html
The architect chose to coat the surfaces
facing the river with 0.3 mm thick sheets
made of an alloy of titanium and zinc,
which posses outstanding durability and
ductility as well as provide a better color
than steel due to the cloudy climate of the
city -according to the architect.

Ref: http://architecturalmoleskine.blogspot.in/2012/08/f-gehry-guggenheim-museum-bilbao.html
 The building is organized into around a central space, around which 20 galleries are arranged in 3 levels.
 Towards the west end we found a shop, a cafeteria and an auditorium.

First level is organized around the great court.


1. Auditorium. 2. Gallery. 3. Store. 4. Fish Gallery. 5. Atrium. 6. Tickets. 7. Store. 8. Facilities. 9. Ponds.
Ref: http://architecturalmoleskine.blogspot.in/2012/08/f-gehry-guggenheim-museum-bilbao.html
Second level, where the galleries are connected by air bridges

Note the succession of square galleries, ending in an irregular space.


1. Accessible. 2. Library. 3. Restaurant. 4. Galleries. 5. Atrium.
Ref: http://architecturalmoleskine.blogspot.in/2012/08/f-gehry-guggenheim-museum-bilbao.html
Third level, many of the spaces correspond to double heights of the lower levels.
1. Roof. 2. Stairs. 3. Void. 4. Galleries. 5. Atrium.
Ref: http://architecturalmoleskine.blogspot.in/2012/08/f-gehry-guggenheim-museum-bilbao.html
Longitudinal and cross section, at the height of the central atrium

Ref: http://architecturalmoleskine.blogspot.in/2012/08/f-gehry-guggenheim-museum-bilbao.html
INTERIOR – CENTRAL
ATRIUM

 The interior is dominated by the central atrium, 50


feet high, one of the most impressive & monumental
spaces displaying the dramatic and convoluted
volumes and connecting circulation galleries.
Ref: http://architecturalmoleskine.blogspot.in/2012/08/f-gehry-guggenheim-museum-bilbao.html
………..THANK YOU

Verwandte Interessen