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Long-term strength of rubberized

concrete paving blocks

Norazly bin Awang

Mohamad Haikal bin Haron
Mohd Shaharil bin Mohd Sharif
What is rubberised concrete paving blocks

Why we used rubber?

• Road transportation engineering are producing ton of wastage from

scrap tyres.
• Recycled waste tyre rubber is promosing material in construction
industry due to its lightweight, elasticity, energy absorption, sound
and heat insulating properties.
• As a replacement material for fine and coarse aggregates.
• To utilize or make used of tire rubber instead of dumping or left
unattended. This is due to environmental concerns. This non-
renewable resources will provide a breeding place for mosquitos,
caused air pollution, odour and other harmful contamination.

Fabricating of RCPB
Testing Conducted

Splitting tensile strength test

Flexural strength test

Compressive Strength
• Compressive strength test :
• To measure the compressive strength of the paving blocks (RCPB)
• Universal testing machine with a maximum capacity up to 3000kN.

• Splitting tensile strength :

• A splitting tensile strength is established to derive material strength rather
than unit strength for CPB according to BS 6717: 2001 (BSI, 2001).
• It measures the ability to resist a shear force which is the tension generated, for
instance, in the case of spalling.
• This leads also to a large breaking surface that can be inspected visually.

• Flexural strength test :

• Flexural strength is preferred as an index of strength.
• Flexural (three point bending) strength, however, is not affected by paving unit
• It seems to be a more suitable quality indicator due to bending test.
Compressive Strength Test
Splitting Tensile Strength Test
Flexural Strength Test
Correlation Graph
• Finding shows that crumb rubber can be used as replacement of fine
aggregate but the quantity of usage should not exceed 20 percent
because it did not show any significant change in compressive strength
but slightly improved the flexural strength.
• It was found that the block specimens tested remained intact after
failure and did not shatter. This would be beneficial for trafficked
• Comparing the three curing regimes at long-term age, the air cured
samples gained slightly higher strength. Nevertheless, a high volume
of daily production of CPB makes natural weather curing more
economic and applicable.
• A valuable relationship of long-term strength would produce benefits
for both researchers and road designers.