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Presentation on
Cylinder On Demand
Submitted to

Department of Automobile Engineering


ARYA College Of Engineering & Information Technology
SESSION 2017-2018
Submitted By :
S
Roll No. 14EARAE047
Semester : 8th
Automobile Engineering
INTRODUCTION: Cylinder On Demand

Energy storage is the capture of


energy produced at one time for use
at a later time.Energy storing body
panels are made of carbon resin and
polymer fibre that is strong enough
to serve as an auto body, yet
sufficiently pliable to be moulded
into panels. These panels are
designed to absorb energy from
multiple means, including plugging-
in overnight and regenerative
braking, which is then stored and
released as per the demand
TYPES OF ENERGY STORING BODY
PANELS

1. SUPERCAPACITOR :
A supercapacitor (SC) (also Electric double layer
capacitor (EDLC), also called ultra capacitor) is a high-capacity capacitor with
capacitance values much higher than other capacitors that bridge the gap
between electrolytic capacitors and rechargeable batteries. c They typically store 10
to 100 times more energy per unit volume or mass than electrolytic capacitors,
can accept and deliver charge much faster than batteries and tolerate many
more charge and discharge cycles than rechargeable batteries. Supercapacitors
are used in applications requiring many rapid charge/discharge cycles rather
than long term compact energy storage: within cars, buses, trains, cranes and
elevators, where they are used for regenerative braking.
The drawback of electric vehicle is that they depend on very
heavy batteries. At the low end, there are lead-acid types
that weigh a staggering amount, while the high end vehicles
use lithium-ion batteries that aren't much lighter. In theory,
lightweight super capacitors should do a better job with their
ability to hold much higher charges, but in practice, aren't
quite there yet.
Lithium-ion batteries have a lot of energy, but are limited in
how fast they can discharge it. Supercapacitors can release
energy in large bursts, but don’t store as much as a Li-ion
battery. The trick is to combine the two in the short term,
while figuring out how to store more in the supercapacitor in
the long term.
QUT is working on new lightweight supercapacitors, which
are a thin, strong, high-energy density film made of two all-
carbon electrodes sandwiched around an electrolyte. This
film is intended to be set in car body panels, roofs, doors,
bonnets and floors. The idea, in the short term, is to
combine them with Li-ion batteries, where the
supercapacitors can store enough energy to charge the
battery in minutes.
2. CARBON FIBRE COMPOSITES :

The high costs and limited driving range that have so


far hampered sales of electric vehicles (EVs)
elsewhere can be ascribed primarily to the priciest
and heaviest component in the car, the battery. But
what if electrical production and structural load-
bearing functions could be combined?
If batteries could be integrated directly into car
structures such as doors and body panels, EVs could
weigh less and travel farther on a single charge.
Volvo, recently demonstrated in an S80 sedan a
prototype under hood plenum panel—a structural
member below the windshield wipers—that is made
of carbon-fiber composites that contain lithium-ion
batteries.
The dual-function device, that specializes in polymer-
fiber composites research, replaces the small
conventional battery for the mild-hybrid Volvo’s stop-
start system.

Completely substituting such in-built technology


for an electric car’s existing battery
components could reduce vehicle weight by
more than 15%. For a city car, halving the
weight typically doubles the range. Practical
structural power “also gets the batteries out of
the engine compartment and where they can sit
out in the airflow for cooling”
3. ENERGY TRANSFER TO ELECTRIC MOTOR :

Energy generated from energy storing body


panels can be effectively converted to
power the electric motors in it.
By infusing complex electrical engineering
techniques, these panels can also power
an entire electrical framework of a car.
Energy-storing body panels installed on
these vehicles can boost the performance
of electric motors, avoid undue discharging
the stand-by power supply from batteries,
and boost the vehicle’s energy economy as
well.
Key components involved in the functioning
of this concept include the wheel hub motor
(which is an electric motor driving the
motion of wheels), advanced body panels, Li-
ion batteries, discharging points, and
electrical wires.
Supercapacitors attached at the bottom of
these panels can convert the kinetic energy
and solar energy and further transfer it to
lithium-ion batteries for storage. Some
panels can also use converters and transfer
the energy directly to the electric motors,
albeit, missing out the option of energy
storage. As the electric car accelerates
forward, the panels can draw more energy
and power the electric motors driving the
wheel hub.
ADVANTAGES OF HAVING ENERGY STORING
BODY PANELS IN YOUR CAR

1.Reduces car weight.


2.Store energy.
3.Less weight.
4.Zero emissions.
5.Superior acceleration.
6.Reduced electric car batteries.
7.Lightweight capacitor.
8.Less fuel consumption.