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LANGUAGE

SPOT
Language spot
GERMICID is virucidal, bactericidal and fungicidal.

virucidal – killing viruses

bactericidal – killing bacteria

fungicidal – killing fungi


Language spot

-icide (also -cide) suffix [in nouns]


someone or something that kills a particular person or
thing, or the act of killing
spermicide (=chemical substance for killing spermatoza)
-icidal suffix [in adjectives]
-icidally suffix [in adverbs]
Language spot
A. Complete these sentences.
e.g. A spermicide is a substance able to kill spermatoza, so it has specimidal properties.
1. Pesticide is a substance ______________________________________________
2. Herbicide is a substance _____________________________________________
3. Homicide is the killing _______________________________________________
4. Suicide is intentional ________________________________________________
5. Infanticide is the killing ______________________________________________
6. Matricide is _______________________________________________________
7. Regicide__________________________________________________________
8. Genocide _________________________________________________________
9. Rodenticide _______________________________________________________
Language spot
A. Complete these sentences.
e.g. A spermicide is a substance able to kill spermatoza, so it has specimidal properties.
able to kill pests, so it has pesticidal properties.
1. Pesticide is a substance ______________________________________________
able to kill plants, so it has herbicidal properties.
2. Herbicide is a substance _____________________________________________
of one person by another (murder). homicidal
3. Homicide is the killing _______________________________________________
killing of oneself. suicidal
4. Suicide is intentional ________________________________________________
of an infant (=a baby or very young child). infanticidal
5. Infanticide is the killing ______________________________________________
Language spot
A. Complete these sentences.
the killing of one’s mother. matricidal
6. Matricide is _______________________________________________________
the killing of a king or queen (regis: Latin word for “king”).
7. Regicide__________________________________________________________ regicidal
is the killing of race or cultural group. genocidal
8. Genocide_________________________________________________________
(genos: Greek word for “family” or “race”)
_________________________________________________________________
is a substance able to kill rodents, so it has rodenticidal properties.
9. Rodenticide_______________________________________________________
Language spot

-proof suffix
1 [in adjectives] being protected against sth, not
damaged by sth
puncture-proof (=resistant to being destroyed by sharp objects)
2 [in verbs] gives sth protection against sth else
sound-proof a room (so that sound cannot get into or out of it)
Language spot 2
• furcation area place where the roots divide
nơi các chân răng chẻ ra
Language spot 2
• ameloblast enamel-forming cell
nguyên bào tạo men
Language spot 2
• cingulum protruberance near the cervical margin of
anterior teeth
phần lồi ở viền cổ các răng trước

 anterior teeth refers as a group to the


incisors and canine teeth
 posterior teeth __________________
premolars and molars
Language spot 2
• ridge linear elevation on the crown
đường nhô lên trên thân răng
Language spot 2
• fossa rounded depression
chỗ lõm hình tròn
Language spot 2
• fissure narrow linear depression
đường lõm hẹp
Language spot 2
• groove broad linear depression
đường lõm rộng
Language spot 2
• mamelon one of three small tubercles on the incisal edge of a
newly erupted upper central incisor
một trong ba phần nhô bờ cắn của răng cửa giữa mới mọc
Language spot 2
• Exfoliation means the natural loss of the deciduous teeth.
 exfoliation (n): sự mất răng sữa một cách tự nhiên
• People who are dentate have some or all of the natural teeth present.
 dentate (adj): có toàn bộ răng tự nhiên
Language spot 2
• Edentia is a condition when permanent teeth exfoliate, or are lost,
leaving the patient toothless – edentate. Such people are edentulous.

 edentia (n): tình trạng các răng vĩnh viễn bị rụng hoặc mất
 edentate (n): người không còn răng tự nhiên
 edentulous (adj): không còn răng tự nhiên
KNOWLEDGE
ZONE
Knowledge zone
o In many people the third molars are badly oriented or so deeply
buried in the bone (embedded) that they must be surgically removed.
In some individuals, one or all four of the third molars may undergo
only partial development, or not come through at all.

Ở nhiều người, răng cối thứ ba có thể bị định hướng sai hoặc chôn vùi
trong xương (răng ngầm) và phải phẫu thuật để loại bỏ. Trong một số
trường hợp, một hay cả bốn răng khôn chỉ phát triển một phần hoặc
hoàn toàn không phát triển.

 embedded third molar = impacted wisdom tooth


Knowledge zone
Knowledge zone
o Tubercle is a small protruberance on the crowns of some teeth. The
tubercle of Carabelli, named after Georg Carabelli, an Austrian dentist
(1787 – 1842), is a fifth cusp found in the permanent maxillary upper
first molars, usually located on the palatal surface of the mesiopalatal
cusp.

Núm là phần nhô lên nhỏ trên thân của một số răng. Núm Carabelli,
đặt tên theo Georg Carabelli – một nha sĩ người Áo (1787 – 1842), là
múi thứ năm ở răng cối thứ nhất hàm trên, thường nằm ở mặt khẩu
cái của múi giữa.
Knowledge zone
Exercise 7
Provide questions to which the following are the answers:
Which nutrients are good for maintaining healthy teeth
1. _______________________________________________________?
Calcium, phosphates, vitamin A and D.

What is the difference between deciduous and permanent teeth


2. _______________________________________________________?
Deciduous teeth are smaller but their crowns are more bulbous.
When does a child have a whole set of 20 primary teeth
3. _______________________________________________________?
By the age of three because normally all the deciduous teeth will
have erupted.
Exercise 7
Provide questions to which the following are the answers:
What are the main parts of a tooth
4. _______________________________________________________?
Enamel, dentine and pulp.

How is a tooth attached to its socket in the jaw


5. _______________________________________________________?
By the periodontal ligament.
What is the apical foramen
6. _______________________________________________________?
The opening through which blood vessels and nerves enter the
tooth.
Exercise 7
Provide questions to which the following are the answers:
What is an odontoblast
7. _______________________________________________________?
A dentine forming cell.

What is the proximal surface


8. _______________________________________________________?
The area where two adjacent teeth touch.
Which permanent teeth erupt first in the second dentition
9. _______________________________________________________?
Lower central incisors or first molars.
Exercise 7
Provide questions to which the following are the answers:
What is the crown
10._______________________________________________________?
The part of the tooth visible in the mouth.

How many teeth does an adult typically have


11._______________________________________________________?
Thirty-two.
What happens to deciduous teeth in the second dentition
12._______________________________________________________?
They exfoliate.
TEST
YOURSELF
Test yourself
A. Choose a word from the list on the right to form a suitable
collocation with a word on the left
Test yourself
1. edentulous e papilla sulcus
2. lateral premolar chamber
3. surgical crown roots
4. porcelain treatment veneer
5. upper arch bridge
6. fixed nerve membrane
7. anterior surface denture
8. gingival incisor jaw
9. connective tissue mouth
10. interdental removal tooth
Test yourself
e
11. multiple
12. lingual premolar chamber
13. biting roots
14. partial treatment
15. unerupted arch
16. lower nerve membrane
17. pulp surface denture
18. restored
19. orthodontic
20. mucous tooth
Test yourself
B. Choose a word from the list on the right to form a suitable
collocation with a word on the left
Test yourself
1. missing e surface dentition
2. protective appliance edge
3. palatal neck defect
4. buccal examination tubule
5. prosthetic tooth area
6. carious function lesion
7. periodontal molar tissue
8. radiographic layer foramen
9. incisal bone crown
10. temporal ligament cusp
Test yourself
11. permanent e dentition
12. artificial
13. cervical neck defect
14. visible tubule
15. apical area
16. fibrous function
17. sensitive molar tissue
18. erupted foramen
19. dentinal crown
20. masticatory