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exponents

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Exponents

exponent

Power

5 3

base

form of the number 125.

53 means 3 factors of 5 or 5 x 5 x 5

Writing Powers:

Exponential form:

The exponent of a power indicates how many times the base

multiplies itself.

x x x x x x x x

n

n times

n factors of x

Example: 5 5 5 5

3

Writing Powers:

FACTOR FORM

2³ = 2 x 2 x 2

factors

Writing Powers:

STANDARD FORM

2³ = 2 x 2 x 2

4x2

8

POWERS AND EXPONENTS

Exponent Form Factor Form Standard form

43 4x4x4 64

72 7x7 49

m4 mxmxmxm

Positive OR Negative Base?

34 = 3 x 3 x 3 x 3

= 81

- 34 = - (3 x 3 x 3 x 3 )

= - 81

(-3)4 = -3 x -3 x -3 x -3 = 81

(-2)5 = -2 x -2 x -2 x -2 x -2 = -32

Exponent Laws

MULTIPLYING WITH THE SAME BASE

#1: Multiplying Powers: If you are multiplying Powers

with the same base, KEEP the BASE & ADD the EXPONENTS!

mn

x x x

m n

When you

multiply

Powers, you 2 6 23 2 6 3 29

add the 512

exponents!

#2: Product Law of Exponents: If the product of the

bases is powered by the same exponent, then the result is a

multiplication of individual factors of the product, each powered

by the given exponent.

xy x y

n n n

a Power of a

Product, I apply

the exponent to (ab) a b2 2 2

all factors of

the product.

1. 3 3

2 2

2. (aw) 2

3. (2 4)

7 4. (3) x( 3)

2 3

QUOTIENT OF POWERS

#3: Dividing Powers: When dividing Powers with the

same base, KEEP the BASE & SUBTRACT the EXPONENTS!

m

x mn

n

x m

x n

x

x

So, I get it!

When you 2 6

6 2

divide 2

2 2 4

2

Powers, you

subtract the 16

exponents!

#4: Quotient Law of Exponents: If the quotient of the

bases is powered by the same exponent, then the result is both

numerator and denominator , each powered by the given exponent.

n

x x n

n

y y

So, when I take a

Power of a

Quotient, I apply 4

2 2

4

the exponent to 16

all parts of the 4

quotient. 3 3 81

12

s

5. 4

6.

s

#5: Power of a Power: If you are raising a Power to an

exponent, you multiply the exponents!

x

n

m

x mn

So, when I

take a Power

to a power, I

multiply the (5 ) 5

3 2 32

5

5

exponents

Try these:

1. 3 2. a 3. 2 x 3

3

2 5

3 4

2

3

9

4. (3 x 2 )

2 2

5. 5

3

#6: Zero Law of Exponents: Any base powered by zero

exponent equals one.

x 1

0

So zero 50 1

factors of a

and

base equals 1.

That makes a0 1

sense! Every and

power has a (5 a ) 0 1

coefficient

of 1.

Try these:

1. s t

2 4 0

2. 3

2 0

3. 3

0

Order of Operations

Problem Solving Steps

1) READ and UNDERSTAND the

problem.

2) PLAN a solution.

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